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NATIONAL ANIMAL & PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICES

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NATIONAL ANIMAL & PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICES. “Special Programme for Strengthening SPS Facilities and Quality Inspection Services in Compliance with WTO - Establishment of An Integrated National Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service” [ NAPHIS]

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“Special Programme for Strengthening SPS Facilities and Quality Inspection Services in Compliance with WTO - Establishment of An Integrated National Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service” [NAPHIS]

Presented by::

Mr. Itrat Rasool Malhi

Plant Specialist

Ministry of Food & Agriculture,

Government of Pakistan

28th March, 2011

composition of agriculture sector in pakistan gdp share 21
Composition of Agriculture Sector in PakistanGDP Share 21%
  • Livestock(52%)
  • Crops (45.4%)
    • Major ( wheat, cotton, sugarcane, rice) (34.0%)
    • Minor ( pulses , fruits &vegetables ,oilseeds) (11.4%)
  • Forestry(1.0%)

* Source: Agricultural Statistics (2009)

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Pakistan’s Agricultural Profile:

Minor crops including horticulture commodities contribute 12% of the countries agricultural GDP.

Area under Production:

quality issues
Quality Issues

Non-Compliance with Food Safety / Quality Standards in Trade.

  • Frequent rejections of agro based export consignments resulting into huge loses of foreign exchange earnings.
  • Imposition of ban on exports due to non compliance of SPS standards.
  • Lack of SPS management capacity.
  • Acts/laws/quality standards outdated.
  • inadequate SPS management /inspection and quality certification system.

Central Problem

    • Non compliant products are consigned to markets due to a systematic failure of SPS management system.
sanitary and phytosanitary sps agreement
Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Agreement
  • The agreement on application of SPS measures sets out the basic rules for food safety and animal and plant health standards.
  • It allows countries to set their own standards which must be based on science.
  • They should be applied only to the extent necessary to protect human, animal or plant health or life.
  • They should not be arbitrary or unjustifiably discriminated between countries.
  • Member countries are encouraged to use international standards, guidelines and recommendation, where they exists.
  • Basic aim of SPS agreement is to maintain sovereign right of any government to protect the level of health.
international standards
International Standards
  • SPS agreement encourages government to establish national SPS measure consistent with international standards, guidelines and recommendations – process with harmonization.
  • WTO itself does not and will not develop standards, however, most WTO member governments participate in development of standards by international bodies.

Harmonization of Standards are based on:

Codex Alimentarius Commission, OIE and IPPC.

Import and Export Inspection and Certification System:

    • The guidelines include application of standards in international trade regulatory measures by government to protect consumers against food borne hazards.
sps conditions in horticulture products
SPS Conditions in Horticulture Products
  • Pesticide residue contamination at an alarming level.
  • Concern of fruit fly.
  • Spray frequency is co-related with market prices of the commodities.
  • Recommended harvest intervals are mostly ignored.
  • Storage conditions in adequate giving rise to high level of aflatoxin.
  • Standards of quality not applied.
naphis vision
NAPHIS Vision
  • MINFA has initiated a project namely; Special Programme for Strengthening SPS facilities and Quality Inspection Services in compliance with WTO.
  • To establish NAPHIS as an internationally accepted agency to regulate SPS/TBT issues in Pakistan.
naphis face to sps issues
NAPHIS - FACE TO SPS ISSUES
  • Institutionalize NAPHIS as a permanent Regulatory Body dealing with all aspects of SPS / TBT issues.
  • Strengthen SPS Management Capacity through NAPHIS to Regulate Food Safety and agricultural related issues associated with imports.
  • Ensure coordination between various departts and remove resource and scientific & infrastructural constraints.
  • Monitor / evaluate workings of affiliated line departments.
project executing components related bodies
Project Executing Components / Related Bodies

MINFA

NAPHIS

GQTLAQD

DPPNVL

FSC & RDMFD

DALPMG

Other Related Agencies:

(a) Local: MOC, MOH, MLDD/LDDB, Provincial Departts / PNAC , PSQCA etc.

(b) Foreign: Codex Alimentarius Commission, FAO, WHO, APHIS / USDA, UNIDO, WTO and Foreign Trading Partners.

(c) Technical Organization Support: Afghan – Pak – US Trilateral Consultations.

way forward
WAY FORWARD

General Requirements for SPS Controls:

  • Legislation (institutional, powers, technical conditions).
  • Competent authority – organizational structure.
  • Human resource, risk management, risk assessment or technical inspection skills.
  • Testing and reference laboratories.
  • Implementation (resources, political will).
specific requirements for sps control
Specific Requirements for SPS Control
  • Control of plant health requirements (pest monitoring, reporting, control measures or plant quarantine, certification.
  • Control system for plant protection (pesticides, establishing residue levels or residue monitoring.
  • Control of post harvest, storage and processing conditions (risk assessment, inspection).
implementation of trade policy initiatives
Implementation of Trade Policy Initiatives.
  • Trade Policy 2008-09 under export quality and standards directed that a system of voluntary pre- shipment inspection and sampling of agro-based products for exports to be introduced. Ministry of Commerce in consultations with Ministry of Food & Agriculture (MinFA) and Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) notify concerned products and accredited labs.
  • Trade Policy 2009-10 decision on PakGAP standards initially for 5 major horticulture items may be worked out by MoST in consultation with MinFA and implemented by MinFA in collaboration with Pakistan Horticulture Development and Export Company (PHDEC).
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Revival of system of grading and quality certification of agricultural products under Agricultural Produce (Grading & Marking) Act to be revised.
  • Establishment of NAPHIS as a sole regulatory body for food safety, plant and animal health and SPS management.
  • Introduction of quality certification by PSQCA of all processed food and food products meant for export / import by Pakistan Standards and Quality Control Authority (PSQCA).
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