Community organisation. C-O & Social Work. Community organization as a social work process distinct from case work, group work, Which are concerned with welfare of the individual It is directed to providing services for people with special needs. General Meaning.
1. Lindemen – 1921
2. Pattit – 1925
3. Lane – 1939
4. Sanderson & Polson – 1939
5. Mcmillan – 1947
6. Dunham – 1948
7. Ross – 1955
8. Sider – 1959
9. Kramer - 1969
* Social work philosophy & methods – P.D.Mishra
- to control its affairs democratically
- to secure the highest services from its specialist, organizations, agencies and
- institutions by means of recognized inter relations
- analyzing resource – services available to meet the needs.
- gaining facts about human needs
- bringing into participation in all phases of the process.
- stimulating citizen interest in social problems and creating motivation for action through participation and education.
- determining priorities
- developing and improving standards of service
- identification of gaps of services.
- community organization is a means not an end
- individuals and groups are different
- communities like individuals have the right to self determination
- social needs is the base for organization
- self interest should be the first consideration in determining programme
- coordination is the process of growth
- C-O structure should be kept as simple as possible
- services should be distributed equitably
- Diversity in programme approach should be respectd
- Broad representation in inter-agency bodies
- balance between centralised and decentralised
- barriers to communication must be broken down
- communities need professional help