Unit 2 Middle Ages, Renaissance and Reformation. Lesson 4 The Renaissance (REBIRTH). The Renaissance (REBIRTH). Learning Target Students can explain why historians use the term renaissance for this historical period. The Renaissance (REBIRTH).
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Unit 2 Middle Ages, Renaissance and Reformation Lesson 4 The Renaissance (REBIRTH)
The Renaissance (REBIRTH) Learning Target Students can explain why historians use the term renaissance for this historical period
The Renaissance (REBIRTH) R– Rebirth of Greek and Roman Classical Culture • Scholars celebrated secularism, worldly themes, to counteract Church authority in Rome • Focused on being an individual and expanding on creative thoughts and ideas
The Renaissance (REBIRTH) E – Established in Italian city-states • Large urban culture (biggest cities) • Thriving trade centers and rich sea ports • Rich middle class commissioned artwork • Italian soldiers brought back treasures from the Crusades
The Renaissance (REBIRTH) B– Birth of the “modern” world (1350-1600) • Change occurred because of the Black Death • Less superstition • Focused more on education and learning • Believed people should be happy in this life, not waiting for a better life after death.
The Renaissance (REBIRTH) I– Italian Artists • Ninja Turtles: Michelangelo, Leonardo (Da Vinci), Raphael, and Donatello • Reflected the classical Greek and Roman Art (Anatomy, Symmetry, Emotion and Realism)
The Renaissance (REBIRTH) R– Renaissance spreads from Italy to Northern Europe • Johannes Gutenberg created the printing press in the 1400’s • This helped to spread the classical ideas outside of Italy
The Renaissance (REBIRTH) T– Theater • Shakespeare wrote sonnets (14 lined poems) and plays (comedies and tragedies) • His works include Romeo and Juliet, Julius Cesar, Macbeth, Hamlet…just to name a few.
The Renaissance (REBIRTH) H– Humanism – Key intellectual movement during the Renaissance • It is the belief that human actions, ideas, and works are important. • These include art, science, philosophy, history, poetry, grammar, rhetoric, etc.