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Role of IACS in Arctic shipping

Role of IACS in Arctic shipping

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Role of IACS in Arctic shipping

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  1. Role of IACS in Arctic shipping Past, present and future role of IACS and individual classification societies in Arctic shipping Morten Mejlænder-Larsen, DNV Maritime Symposium on Coastal State Regulation of Marine Shipping, Tromsø 31 October 2008

  2. Content • DNV focus on Arctic • The Class Concept • IMO Guideline for ships operating in Arctic ice-covered waters • IACS • IACS organisation • Relation between Class Societies and IACS • Implementation of IACS Unified Polar Rules © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  3. DNV-Arctic Focus • 25% of known oil and gas resources located in the cold areas • Russia has become the largest exporter of oil and a major exporter of gas • Increased export of oil and minerals from ice infested waters • Ship operations in Cold Climate will require: • specially designed ships and equipment • crew with experience • Implementation of Polar Class rules, referred to in the IMO Guideline © Photo Arnstein Moen © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  4. R R = P x C North Sea/World wide Arctic R Ex. Maritime Risk: • Collision with other vessel • Contact • Fire/explosion • Structural failure Additional risk • Grounding • Collision with installation • Collision during Ship To Ship (STS) approach • Accidental oil spill during loading/unloading © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  5. Year- round Navigation Suez Canal Strait of Malacca INSROP (1999) The ice is melting..... -but less ice, higher risk Distance (Nautical Miles) Hamburg to Yokohama: Northern Sea Route ~ 6,920 Suez Canal ~ 11,073 Panama Canal ~ 12,420 Cape of Good Hope ~ 14,542

  6. 1871, §19 First Rules including requirements for ice-reinforcement: Frames: Additional frames in the bow region. Plate thickness: Increased thickness in bow 1960,Several ice classes introduced, in conformity with Finnish-Swedish ice regulations 1988, Rules for ”Vessels for Arctic and Icebreaking Service” implemented into the DNV Rules for Classification of Ships 2008, Polar Classes implemented into the DNV Rules for Classification of Ships, based on IACS Unified Requirements for Polar Ships Ice Rule Development in DNV • ”Fram” was built to survive arctic drift by Fridtjof Nansen, who used the ship on his expedition 1893 to 1896. © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  7. Scope of classification Based on published rules, the classification process consists of: • Approval of design • Attendance at the construction to verify that the vessel is constructed in accordance with the classification rules • Upon satisfactory completion of the above, a certificate of classification will be issued © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  8. Scope of classification • Once in service, periodical class surveys are carried out • Class rules do not cover every piece of structure or item of equipment on board a vessel, nor do they cover operational elements. © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  9. DNV classification services in Cold Climate © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  10. Winterisation Hydro • Winterisation for health • Physical effects such as fatigue, frostbite, hypothermia • Winterisation for safety • Safety-critical equipment and systems • Winterisation for operability • Systems to maintain the functionality of desired operations © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  11. IMO Guidelines for Ships Operating in Arctic Ice-Covered Waters • Prompted by the disaster of Exxon Valdez (1989), IMO started working on a unified code for navigation in polar waters • Goal: Harmonize regulations for Arctic Shipping in polar waters • In 2002 the Marine Safety Committee (MSC) and the Marine Environment Committee (MEPC) approved Guidelines for ships operating in Arctic ice-covered waters (MSC/Circ.1056 –MEPC/Circ.399). • Still voluntary, however the guideline represent an important step towards improved regulatory framework for shipping in ice-infested waters © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  12. The IMO Arctic Guidelines • PART A: Construction provisions - Structures (reference to IACS Unified Requirements for Polar ships) - Substructures and stability - Accommodation and escape measures - Directional control systems - Anchoring and towing arrangements - Main machinery - Auxiliary machinery systems - Electrical installations • PART B: Equipment - Fire fighting - Life saving appliances - Navigational equipments • PART C: Operational - Operational guidelines - Crewing - Emergency equipment • PART D Environmental protection and damage control - Environmental protection and damage control © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  13. IACS Unified Requirements UR I1-I3 • UR I1 • Specify application of structural and machinery requirements • Provide descriptions of polar classes to convey differences with respect to operational capability and strength • No requirements included in UR I1 • Applicable to any ship opeating in ice-infested polar waters, including Icebreakers • UR I2 • Structural requirements to enable polar class ships to withstand global and local ice • loads, as well as temperature, characteristic of their polar class • Plating, framing, plated structures and hull girder • Material requirements, corrosion/abrasion allowances • Hull appendages, stem and stern frames • UR I3 • Propeller ice interaction loads • Structural requirements for propeller, machinery components and system • Implemented into DNV Rules from March 2008 © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  14. IACS • Dedicated to safe ships and clean seas, IACS members make a unique contribution to maritime safety and regulation through technical support, compliance verification and research and development. • More than 90% of the world's cargo carrying tonnage is covered by the classification design, construction and through-life compliance rules and standards set by the ten Member Societies and one Associate of IACS. International Association of Classification Societies © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  15. IACS Member Societies © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  16. IACS organisation chart IACS Council EG/LAW EG/GBS Permanent Secretariat Quality Secretariat Quality Committee General Policy Group On hold, until further notice EG/FSA EG/NCSR EG/Data EG/Coating EG/ILO Hull Panel Machinery Panel Statutory Panel Survey Panel EG/ISM ISPS Project team Project team Project team Project team © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  17. Council The Council is the political governing body of the Association and consists of one representative of each Member Society. General Policy Group [GPG] The GPG is the technical governing body of the Association and consists of one representative of each Member Society Permanent Secretary Is the chief administrative officer of the Association and shall be responsible for the efficient day to day running of the Permanent Secretariat Permanent Secretariat Provides administrative support to the members and management support to the Chair Quality Secretariat Responsible for the assessment of each member with respect to compliance with QSCS. Small Groups [SG] A working group, established by Council to deal with a specific task. Expert Groups [EG] A working group, established by Council or GPG to advise on a specialised area of work of classification societies. Panels A Permanent working group established by Council or GPG related to specific areas of the technical work of classification societies. Project Team A temporary working group established under a Panel to deal with specific tasks. Quality Committee Is the governing body of the Quality System Certification Scheme. The Quality Committee shall consist of one representative from each Member. IACS bodies explained © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  18. Areas of competence of IACS Panels Hull Panel Machinery Panel Statutory Panel Survey Panel • Strength • Materials/Welding • Wave data/Sea loads • DSA • Drilling units • Polar ships • Hull damage • Containers • Mooring/Anchoring • RoRo Safety • Machinery • Electric systems • Computers • Polar Ship Machinery • Subdivision, stability and load lines • Fire protection and safety • Bulk liquid, gases and marine pollution • Exhaust emission control • ISM Code • ISPS • Life saving appliances • Bridge equipment etc. • ILO • Survey, reporting and certification • Certification of materials and equipment • New construction survey requirements • PR 1A (ToC) • PR 2 (EWS) Note 1: Each Panel is composed of one member from each Society Note 2: Panel Chairmen participate in some GPG meetings Note 3: Panel Chairmen and their secretariats are financed by IACS members © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  19. GUIDELINES FOR SHIPS OPERATING IN ARCTIC ICE-COVERED WATERS © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  20. Ice Class Notations © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  21. KV Svalbard Photo: FMA Photo: Silja Line MS NordNorge Ice Class Notations © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  22. Ice Class Notations © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  23. Ship-shaped offshore units • Mobile Offshore Units • Drill and production ships • Floating production • FPSO, FSO Floating Offshore Offshore Ship StatoilHydro Stena Prirazlomnoye © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved

  24. DNV is a global provider of services for managing risk. Established in 1864, DNV is an independent foundation with the objective of safeguarding life, property and the environment. DNV comprises 300 offices in 100 countries, with 8000 employees. www.dnv.com © Det Norske Veritas AS. All rights reserved