the honours geography paper n.
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THE HONOURS GEOGRAPHY PAPER. The Paper is Divided into 2 sections Section 1 : 20 short questions, each is worth 3 marks. Section worth 60 marks Timing: Max 30 minutes but usually completed in 15 minutes .

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the honours geography paper

The Paper is Divided into 2 sections

  • Section 1:

20 short questions, each is worth 3 marks.Section worth 60 marksTiming: Max 30 minutes but usually completed in 15 minutes.

  • Section 2: 5 long questions.Each question has an A, B, C and sometimes D part.Choose and complete any 3 questions.Each question is worth 30 marks.Section worth 90 marks.Timing: Max 30 minutes per question.Try to do a quick plan or brain storm before each long question.  Ensure you answer each part of each question.Name examples
topics for long questions answer 3
Topics for Long Questions (Answer 3)
  • The Earth’s Surface
  • Climate
  • Economic Activities
  • Geographical Mix (Mix of questions from human/physical geography)
  • Population
  • Aerial Photograph and Ordnance Survey Map
breakdown of marking for long questions
Breakdown of Marking for long questions
  • Name (2 marks)
  • Diagram (2 marks)
  • Explanation (varies)
junior certificate examination 2010
Junior Certificate Examination 2010
  • Section 2
  • Long Questions
    • Question 1: The Earth’s Surface
the earth s surface
The Earth’s Surface
  • Mass Movement 10 marks

(i) Name one type of mass movement. (2)

Name – 2 marks

(ii) Explain how this type of mass movement occurs. (8)

2 Explanations – 4 marks each

sample answer
Sample Answer

(i) Type of Mass Movement – Soil Creep which is a slow type of mass movement (a down slope movement of soil under the influence of gravity) (2 marks)

(ii) This type of Mass Movement occurs because 1 – There is a steep slope in the area of its occurrence (4 marks)

2 – Water makes the regolith (the earth and rock) heavier and acts as a lubricant. This enables it to move quickly and easily (4 marks)


B Weathering (10 marks)

The diagrams show one type of weathering.

(i) Name the type of weathering shown in the diagrams. (2)

Name – 2marks

(ii) Explain how this type of weathering occurs.


2 explanations – 4 marks each

sample answer1
Sample Answer
  • The type of weathering shown in the diagram is Physical/Mechanical Weathering this type of mechanical weathering is known as freeze-thaw which is the break up of rock by frost action
  • It occurs when

1- precipitation seeps into the joints and cracks in a rock by day.

2 - The temperature drops below freezing point by night, the water freezes and expands putting strain on the rock causing the rock to break apart.


C The Earth’s Crust (10)

The world’s plates collide and separate.

(i) Name one feature formed where plates collide.

Name 2 marks

(ii) Name one feature formed where plates separate.

Name 2 marks

(iii) With the aid of a diagram, explain how one of the features named is formed.

1 Explanation – 4marks

Labelled Diagram – 2 marks

sample answer2
Sample Answer
  • One feature formed where plates collide are Volcanic Mountains (2 marks)
  • One feature formed where plates separate is a mid ocean ridge (2 marks)

(iii) Explain (4 marks) diagram (2 marks)

A mid ocean ridge is an underwater mountain range, it is formed where 2 plates separate

  • As the plates move apart molten magma rises from the mantle and fills the gap between the 2 plates. When the magma meets the cold sea water it cools and solidifies to form a new ocean floor. As the eruptions of magma continue in an endless cycle, the ocean floor is built up to form a long ridge of mountains. (Mid Atlantic ridge when American and Eurasian plate separate)
  • 2009 Paper
  • Question 4 (Long Questions) Geographical Mix A, B, C
  • Due – Friday 4th April
  • I will be taking them up and marking them with feedback
a earthquakes 10 marks
A. Earthquakes (10 marks)
  • (i) Name one place where earthquakes occur.

One name @ 2 marks

  • (ii) Examine the diagram showing the shockwaves of an earthquake and name the areas

labelled A and B.

Two areas @ 1 mark each

(iii) Briefly describe the cause of earthquakes.

One Description @ 6 marks

b tourism 10 marks
B. Tourism (10 MARKS)
  • (i) Name four reasons why tourists come to Ireland.

4 names @ 1 mark each

  • (ii) Large-scale tourism may have unwelcome impacts on some tourist areas.

Describe two such impacts.

2 Descriptions @ 3 marks each

c human migration 10 marks
C. Human Migration (10 MARKS)
  • Examine the bar chart, which shows the numbers of immigrants from a selection of

regions who lived in Ireland in 2002 and in 2006. (4)

(a) From which country did most immigrants come in 2006?

Name of country @1 mark

(b) From which country did immigration to Ireland grow most rapidly between

2002 and 2006?

Name of country @ 1 mark

(c) Calculate the increase in the numbers of immigrants from Lithuania to

Ireland between 2002 and 2006.

Calculation @ 2 marks

(ii) Explain the following terms relating to human migration:

(a) Pull factors.

One explanation @ 3 marks

(b) Emigrant.

One explanation @ 3 marks