Science Test Review Disease ~ Mrs. Connnor - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Science Test Review Disease ~ Mrs. Connnor

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  1. Science Test ReviewDisease ~ Mrs. Connnor

  2. Antibiotics: A substance used to kill or slow the growth of bacteria

  3. Bacilli: rod shaped bacteria

  4. Spirilla: Spiral shaped bacteria

  5. Cocci: round shaped bacteria

  6. Good things that bacteria can do for you: • 1. make insulin • 2. make antibiotics • 3. clean up oil spills • 4. give plants nitrogen • 5. break down organic • matter • 6. make foods like: • pickles • yogurt • cheese • buttermilk

  7. Virus: microscopic particle that invades a cell and often destroys it Viruses are NOT alive; cannot live on their own! Need a living host cell Don’t grow and develop Don’t use energy Diseases caused by viruses… Yellow Fever, Influenza, Common Cold and AIDS

  8. Vaccine: • Helps your body develop immunity to a disease • The next time your body sees the disease, it will be able to attack.

  9. Transmission: sending something from one person to another

  10. Pathogen: ~an agent that causes a disease Ways to come into contact with a pathogen: Air Person to Person Contaminated Objects Animals Food and water

  11. using a mosquito net when sleeping so that the bugs can’t bite you Prevention: ~to stop the spread of disease

  12. Treatment: taking antibiotics ~to try to cure or heal the disease when you already have it

  13. Immune System: ~an army of cells that fight pathogens

  14. allergies, asthma, diabetes, arthritis Noninfectious: A disease which CANNOT be spread from one person to another

  15. Infectious: common cold, flu, AIDS ~a disease which CAN be spread from one person to another

  16. Disease: ~a specific illness How your body defends you from disease: Skin Acid SAME Mucus Enzymes Fever