Analyse s miotique simple de la musique
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Analyse sémiotique simple de la musique. Philip Tagg P Tagg: Simple semiotics (Fr.). Modèle de communication. P Tagg: Simple semiotics (Fr.). partagé entre émetteur et récepteur. r é p e r t o i r e d e s y m b o l e s. seulement émetteur.

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Analyse s miotique simple de la musique

Analyse sémiotique simple de la musique


P Tagg: Simple semiotics (Fr.)

Analyse s miotique simple de la musique

Modèle de communication

P Tagg: Simple semiotics (Fr.)

partagé entre émetteur et récepteur

r é p e r t o i r e d e s y m b o l e s

seulement émetteur

seulement récepteur

« incompétence »codale

codage « inadéquat »

réponse« inadéquate »

« message voulu »





‘réponse« inadéquate »

codage « inadéquat »

contradiction codale

seulement émetteur

seulement récepteur

n o r m e s s o c i o c u l t u r e l s

partagés entre émetteur et récepteur

Analyse s miotique simple de la musique

P Tagg: Simple semiotics (Fr.)


Matériau de comparaison interobjective


Objet d’ analyse





Champs de connnotation paramusicale(liés au MCIO)


Champs de connnotation paramusicale(liés à l’OA)

Param tres d expression paramusicale

P Tagg: Simple semiotics (Fr.)

Paramètres d’expression paramusicale

  • Son paramusical: claquer, cliqueter, craquer, crépiter, crier, carillon, jacasser, tapper, tic-tac, applaudir, hurler, siffler, bourdonner, bruire, ronronner, vrombir, grésiller, zoum!, birdsong, sound effects, crying, laughing, screaming, scraping, hitting, water, wind, thunder, etc. ad. inf.

  • Oral language: monologue, dialogue, commentary, voice-over, lyrics, accent/dialect, vocal type, prosody, type and speed of conversation/dialogue, &c...

  • Written language: programme or liner notes, promo copy, title credits, subtitles, written devices on stage, expression marks and other performance instructions, &c...

  • Visuals

  • font, graphic design, layout, painting, photo, sculpture, &c…

  • scenario, props, lighting, clothing, &c...

  • dramatic action, facial expressions, gestures, &c...

  • camera positions, cutting speed, editing technique, fades, pans, zooms, &c…

  • Movement: dance, dive, drive, fall, fly, glide, hit, hover, jump, kick, lie, ride, rise, run, slide, sit, stand, stroke, stumble, sway, swerve, wait, walk, &c...

  • (Re-)performance venue + concurrent activity: home, concert, club, TV, cinema, church, sports, dancing, riding, driving, restaurant, hotel, office, factory, circus, street, town, country, &c...

Parameters of musical expression 1

P Tagg: Simple semiotics (Fr.)

Parameters of musical expression (1)

  • instrumentational

  • number/type of voices/instruments

  • mechanical devices: mutes, pedals, stops, plectrum, string types, reed types, mouthpieces, bows, sticks, brushes, &c...

  • electro-acoustic devices: microphone types & techniques, loudspeakers, echo, reverb, delay, panning, filtering, mixers, amplifiers, equalisers, phasing, flanging, chorus, compression, distortion, vocoding, dubs, &c...

  • performance techniques: vibrato, tremolo, tremolando, glissando, portamento, pizzicato, sul ponte, picking, strum, &c...

  • timbral(timbre)

  • vocal: booming, breathy, clean, clear, cracked, crying, deep, gravelly, harsh, hoarse, howling, growling, guttural, husky, light, melismatic, muffled, piercing, plaintive, raucous, rich, screeching, shouting, shrill, sonorous, soothing, squeaky, squawking, strident, syllabics, thin, warbling, warm, wheezing, whooping, &c...

  • instrumental: as for vocal + blaring, bubbling, buzzing, chiming, clanking, clattering, crashing, grating, hissing, humming, jarring, muted, ringing, rumbling, scraping, stuttering, throbbing, tinkling, whirring, whistling, &c...

Analyse s miotique simple de la musique

P Tagg: Simple semiotics (Fr.)

Parameters of musical expression (2)

  • temporal parameters

  • duration: [1] of piece and relationship of this duration to other connected aspects of communication (film, rite, sports event, dancing); [2] of sections within the piece

  • internal order/treatment of musical events: intros, cadences, bridges, continuations, interruptions, recurrences (reiterations, repeats, recaps), sequences &c…

  • pulse, tempo: [1] base rate; [2] surface rate.

  • rhythmic texture: polyrhythm, birhythm, monorhythm, &c...

  • metre (rhythmic grouping of pulse, time signature, etc.), e.g. simple, compound, symmetric, asymmetric, additive, divisive, &c...

  • accentuation, e.g. upbeat, downbeat, syncopation, regular,.

Analyse s miotique simple de la musique

P Tagg: Simple semiotics (Fr.)

Parameters of musical expression (3)

  • tonal parameters

  • tuning system: how octave is divided, retuning, detuning, &c.

  • pitch range: average and total for each voice/part; ambitus, tessitura, &c.

  • tonal vocabulary: scale, mode, motifs, number and type of different pitches/notes

  • motivic/melodic contour: rising, falling, oscillating, arched, V-shaped, centric, wavy, terraced, tumbling strain, &c...

  • harmonic parameters

  • tonal centre (if any)

  • type of tonality: droned, modal, diatonic, tertial, quartal, bebop, impressionist, late romantic, twelve-tone, &c…

  • harmonic change as long and short term phenomenon, harmonic rhythm.

  • dynamics

  • loud  soft

  • sudden  gradual

  • constant  variable

Typologie simple de signes musicaux

P Tagg: Simple semiotics (Fr.)

Typologie simple de signes musicaux

sonore: ressemble au son paramusical


kinesthésique: ressemble au mouvement paramusical

tactile: ressemble au grain paramusical

synécdochede genre

référence pars pro toto à 2 étapes: (1) à un idiome musical ‘étranger’; (2) de ce style à son contexte, culturel

marqueur épisodique

processus bref et unidirectionnel qui indique l’ordre ou l’importance relative des événements musicaux

indicateurde style

élément de structuration musicale typique du style de départ (de «chez soi»)

Analyse s miotique simple de la musique

P Tagg: Simple semiotics (Fr.)

Palestrina: Missa Papae Marcelli

Smetana: Vltava (Moldau)

Analyse s miotique simple de la musique

Monocentric musical positioning


‘focal point’


P Tagg: Simple semiotics (Fr.)