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Development of Nursing. Dorothea Dix 1802-1887. 1814- Dorothea left home because of alcoholic/abusive parents 1821- Opened school in Boston. Taught children from well-to-do families. After some time she decided to poor and neglected children at home.

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dorothea dix 1802 1887
Dorothea Dix 1802-1887
  • 1814- Dorothea left home because of alcoholic/abusive parents
  • 1821- Opened school in Boston. Taught children from well-to-do families. After some time she decided to poor and neglected children at home.
  • 1836- met the Rathbone family who introduced her to the belief that government should help with social welfare.
  • 1840 & 1841- Returned to America to care for mentally ill people who had no one to care for them.
  • 1846- Traveled to Illinois to study mental illness. She met with legislature and they adopted first mental hospital.
  • 1848- called for reform in mental illness when visiting North Carolina.
  • 1849- North Carolina State Medical Society formed
  • 1856- Hospital named after Dorothea Dix
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Dorothea Dix

1802-1887

florence nightingale 1820 1910
Florence Nightingale1820-1910
  • Known as British nursing hero of Crimean War
  • Soldiers called her “Lady with the Lamp” because she worked throughout the night helping British soldiers.
  • 1858- Took notes entitled Notes on Matters Affecting the Health, Efficiency, and Hospital Administration of British Army, started reform in hospitals.
  • 1860- published notes on nursing
  • 1860- opened a nursing school at Saint Thomas Hospital in London
  • Felt nurses should be trained in science and also advocated for attention to cleanliness and nurses should have compassion for patients
  • She started nursing to be the important profession that it is today and saw to it that hospitals were kept safe and clean from patients.
linda richards america s first trained nurse 1841 1930
Linda RichardsAmerica’s First Trained Nurse1841-1930
  • Parents hoped for her to become missionary
  • At age of 4, family moved. 6 weeks after her father passed away from lung hemorrhage.
  • Family moved back to Newbury, VT. Her mother became ill with tuberculosis.
  • Linda nursed her mother through her final illness and was only 13 years of age when her mother passed.
  • She began training under Doc Currier, the family doctor.
  • 1860- got married
  • 1865- husband got ill. She nursed him until his death in 1869.
  • She moved to Boston and was hired as an assistant nurse at Boston City Hospital
linda richards continued
Linda Richards (continued)
  • Signed up for nurse-training program.
  • A year after training she is first to graduate
  • Created a system for charting and keeping medical records for each patient.
  • 1874- ready to take over the floundering Boston Training School
  • 1877- met Nightingale who suggested she attend King’s College Hospital and the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary in England
  • 1878– becomes ill from overwork and uses that to open first nurse-training program in Japan.
  • 1883- opened more schools in Massachusetts, Philadelphia, and Michigan.
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