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Be careful, a spy is following you!. Outline – Overview. Introduction - What is RFID ? Radio frequency spectrum How does RFID work ? Technical contraints. What is RFID ?. Radio Frequency Identification Automatic Identification procedure Barcodes Optical Character Recognition

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Presentation Transcript
outline overview
Outline – Overview
  • Introduction - What is RFID ?
  • Radio frequency spectrum
  • How does RFID work ?
  • Technical contraints
what is rfid
What is RFID ?
  • Radio Frequency Identification
    • Automatic Identification procedure
      • Barcodes
      • Optical Character Recognition
      • Fingerprinting procedure
    • Data transmitted via radio frequency
  • Use of tags to identify objects
    • ID
    • Memory on board
    • Read / Read + Write
  • Applications examples… (EAS, Animal ID,…)
radio frequency spectrum

ELF

SLF

ULF

VLF

radio frequency

LF (125kHz)

infrared

MF

electromagnetic spectrum

optical spectrum

VHF

ultraviolet

UHF (900MHz)

X-ray

SHF (2,4GHz - microwave)

Gamma ray

EHF

Radio frequency spectrum
  • Industry Science Medical (ISM)
  • Low frequencies

HF (13,56MHz - ISM)

what does rfid look like
What does RFID look like ?
  • Mainly 2 components
    • Readers
    • Transponders (tags)

Here are some readers......

components of an rfid system
Components of an RFID system
  • Tag
    • Passive, active and semi-passive
  • Readers
communication

Transceiver

Tag Reader

antenna

Communication
  • Inductive coupling
    • Transformer type

IC or microprocessor

RFID

Tag

antenna

communication1

Transceiver

Tag Reader

antenna

Communication
  • Propagation coupling

IC or microprocessor

RFID

Tag

antenna

limitations
Limitations
  • Collision
  • Tag orientation
  • Viruses
rfid applications
RFID APPLICATIONS
  • Access control
  • Identifying & monitoring object
  • RFID & GSM integration
access control
ACCESS CONTROL
  • Online systems
  • Offline systems
  • RFID technology used in the public transportation
  • Vehicle theft prevention
identifying monitoring object
IDENTIFYING & MONITORING OBJECT
  • Animals or humans
  • Industry
  • RFID taking out the trash
  • Inventory maintenance
rfid gsm integration
RFID & GSM INTEGRATION
  • Transponder or reader within smart phones
  • Connection to GSM or other wireless network
  • Information stored in wireless network central database
outline overview1
Outline – Overview
  • Introduction
  • Legal&Ethical aspects in:
      • USA
      • EUROPE
  • Summary
introduction
Introduction
  • Transmission (authorized or unauthorized) of personal data
  • If unauthorized, it can be considered as a breach of personal privacy
  • Personal privacy is punishable
  • What’s Personal privacy?
slide17
USA
  • Use in this country is really huge and in advance compared to other countries or nations
  • What is Personal Privacy in American Law?
  • Not so concerned as European authorities with the use of RFID and the Personal Privacy linked to it.
  • NO federal law about this notion!
  • Citizens Group intervening: CASPIAN
europe
EUROPE

1

  • Late about RFID

technology but

in advance over

the USA for

protecting laws

  • European citizens know RFID: a part

of them believe in laws and others do not!

1 SOURCE : Forester Research (report published in March 2004 )

europe1
EUROPE
  • The concept of privacy is very important in the EU
  • What is Personal Privacy in European Laws?
  • There is a really good protection of the European citizens for Private Life’s problems
  • The European Commission is studying the RFID case
  • A European Directive about Personal Privacy protects people
  • Another text, more complete, will be

created in the course of 2006

rfid implementation process
RFID implementation process
  • Introduction
  • Findings
  • Summary
introduction1
Introduction
  • The research subject
    • Implementation process
  • The research aims
    • RFID interest
    • Implementation reasons
    • Advantages and challenges
    • Ethical and legal aspects
    • Market conductiveness

Zmienic!!!!!!!!

introduction2
Introduction
  • The research methods
    • desk research
    • field research – the questionnaire
  • The research details
    • 6 companies (3 countries)
      • 2 small, 2 medium and 2 big
      • Focus-logistics
    • Generalization difficulties
findings
Findings
  • RFID benefits
  • RFID challenges
  • ROI
  • Launching time
  • Company’s reengineering
  • Ethical and legal aspects
return on investment
Return on Investment

Expected

ROI level

>20%

11-20%

6-10%

1-5%

Company size

Small

Medium

Big

summary
Summary
  • Interestin RFID
    • Different implementation stages
    • Similar challenges
    • Similar benefits
  • Focus on the customers and

business partners needs

  • Slight ethical and legal aspects