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V. Exercises

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  1. V. Exercises Comprehension 《读写教程Ⅲ》:Ex.Ⅱ, p. 249 《读写教程Ⅲ》:Ex. Ⅲ, p. 249 Vocabulary 《读写教程Ⅲ》:Ex. Ⅳ, p. 250 Collocation 《读写教程Ⅲ》:Ex.Ⅴ, p. 250 《读写教程Ⅲ》:Ex. Ⅵ, p. 251 Word Building 《读写教程Ⅲ》:Ex. Ⅶ, p. 251 《读写教程Ⅲ》:Ex. Ⅷ, p. 252 Structure 《读写教程Ⅲ》:Ex. Ⅸ, p. 252 《读写教程Ⅲ》:Ex. Ⅹ, p. 253 Translation 《读写教程Ⅲ》:Ex. Ⅺ, p. 253

  2. V. Exercises—Comprehension Back 《读写教程 Ⅲ》:Ex. II, p. 249 Ⅱ. Answer the following questions. • Please list three crazier clauses of prenuptial agreements according to the text. First, a future husband wanted to be sure that he could keep his treasured ice-cream collection if his marriage failed. Second, a woman wanted to make clear who would walk the dog. Third, one man wanted to be entitled to a divorce if his future wife gained more than 15 pounds once she married him. 下一页

  3. V. Exercises—Comprehension Back 2. What is a prenuptial agreement? A prenuptial agreement, or prenup, negotiated by lawyers and signed before a marriage, is mainly designed to deal with financial problems when divorce is insisted on by one party. 3.Why has signing prenups become popular in the US since the early 1980s? Because more and more states began passing laws based either on “splitting evenly” or on “whatever a judge thinks is ‘fair’”. 上一页 下一页

  4. V. Exercises—Comprehension Back 4. What are the three situations calling for premarital agreements? First, a wealthy man who has been stung once may want to avoid such future problems. Second, protecting children from a previous marriage is a strong reason. Third, when one future partner is extremely rich while the other is poor. 上一页 下一页

  5. V. Exercises—Comprehension Back 5. What kinds of problems can prevent a premarital agreement from being enforced in court? First, any language mistakes in a prenup, even a misplaced preposition, can be disastrous. Second, a prenuptial agreement signed under pressure can cause problems. Third, there can be a dispute over premarital accords if a couple decides to divorce while living abroad, or when they have different passports. 上一页 下一页

  6. V. Exercises—Comprehension Back 6. How do British courts view prenuptial agreements? Prenuptial agreements are almost ignored by British courts because English law says that circumstances of a marriage aren’t static, and therefore a judge should decide how financial assets will be divided. 上一页 下一页

  7. V. Exercises—Comprehension Back 7. According to some lawyers, why do more and more American people begin to accept prenuptial agreements? For one thing, divorce rate in the US is very high, which is often accompanied by money problems. For another, laying bare all one’s finances can sometimes save a couple from a terrible marriage. 8. Why is there still hope for the couple who signed a prenup? Because many people just put the prenup in a drawer and never look at it again after signing it. 上一页 下一页

  8. V. Exercises—Vocabulary circumstance enforce dispute justification sting verify edit cite awkward headline bind shed Back 《读写教程 Ⅲ》:Ex. Ⅲ, p. 249 Ⅲ. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. 1. All description and information on hotels, guest houses in this brochure should be _____ as we have never heard them before. verified 上一页 下一页

  9. V. Exercises—Vocabulary circumstance enforce dispute justification sting verify edit cite awkward headline bind shed Back 2. We have _____ for moving to a large house, because this house is too small for us.  justification 3. Sometimes he’d sit and look at it, and his eyes would _____ with the tears of despair.  sting 上一页 下一页

  10. V. Exercises—Vocabulary circumstance enforce dispute justification sting verify edit cite awkward headline bind shed Back 4. Even apart from such exceptions, however, a contract not made in the required form, but completely performed on one side, might be _____. enforced 上一页 下一页

  11. V. Exercises—Vocabulary circumstance enforce dispute justification sting verify edit cite awkward headline bind shed Back 5. Characteristically, he does not _____ any source for this assertion. cite 6. He was always _____ in women’s company, especially girls’ company.  awkward 上一页 下一页

  12. V. Exercises—Vocabulary circumstance enforce dispute justification sting verify edit cite awkward headline bind shed Back 7. The _____ in today’s Times says “Peace declared!” headline 8. The _____ had also moved against us in another way.  dispute 上一页 下一页

  13. V. Exercises—Vocabulary Back 《读写教程 Ⅲ》:Ex. Ⅳ, p. 250 Ⅳ. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the expressions given in the parentheses. 1. She has certainly become more confident over the last couple of years. (gain in) She has certainly gained in confidence over the last couple of years. 上一页 下一页

  14. V. Exercises—Vocabulary Back 2. The actor was written about a lot when he was accused of eating a pet dog. (make the headlines) The actor made the headlines when he was accused of eating a pet dog. 3. Greg’s parents are worried that he will be influenced by the kind of people they don’t approve of while he’s at college. (exposure to) Greg’s parents are worried about his exposure to the kind of people they don’t approve of while he’s at college. 上一页 下一页

  15. V. Exercises—Vocabulary Back 4. The opposition parties are demanding the minister’s resignation over the scandal (丑闻). (call for) The opposition parties are calling for the minister’s resignation over the scandal. 5. I’ve prepared a list of candidates that I’d like to interview. (draw up)  I’ve drawn up a list of candidates that I’d like to interview. 上一页 下一页

  16. V. Exercises—Vocabulary Back 6. Finally, she’ll become penniless if she carries on spending as much as that. (end up) She’ll end up penniless if she carries on spending as much as that. 7. She talks very honestly about her three unhappy marriages in her autobiography (自传). (lay bare) She lays bare her three unhappy marriages in her autobiography. 上一页 下一页

  17. V. Exercises—Vocabulary Back 8. Hoping that he might be able to provide an explanation for the problem, I asked Mario to look at the engine. (shed light on)  Hoping that he might be able to shed light on the problem, I asked Mario to look at the engine. 上一页 下一页

  18. V. Exercises—Collocation Back 《读写教程 Ⅲ》:Ex. Ⅴ, p. 250 Ⅴ.Look at the sentences taken from your reading passage. Just think about what other words can be modified by the word “wedding” and fill in the sentences with the right words. e.g. To avoid such problems, some lawyers will not draw up an agreement once a wedding date has been set.A lawyer recalled one awkward episode where the two sides were still editing the contract, arguing over what to keep and delete, as 150 wedding guests were arriving for the wedding. 上一页 下一页

  19. V. Exercises—Collocation Back • They have decided to give Henry a record player as a wedding pre____. sent 2. Hostage Allan Nicklin flew home from Saudi Arabia yesterday in time to celebrate his silver wedding anni_______. versary vice 3. The order of the wedding ser____ remains secret; these people are planning a pleasant surprise to the new couple. 上一页 下一页

  20. V. Exercises—Collocation Back 4. Her golden wedding ba___ gleamed (闪亮) on the shelf. nd 5. The dress has been packed away, the wedding al____ has finally found a resting place and the honeymoon has become a distant memory. bum 6. Then I realized that over the years the white wedding dre__ had become yellow, and the flowers in her hair had died, and the bride inside the dress had grown old. ss 上一页 下一页

  21. V. Exercises—Collocation Back 7. We have had our wedding ph____ enlarged and hung one of them on the wall of our bedroom. otos 8. Frequently couples at their golden wedding cele_______ will say something to the effect of “we made it a point never to go to bed angry”. bration 上一页 下一页

  22. V. Exercises—Word Building Back 《读写教程 Ⅲ》:Ex. VI, p. 251 • Ⅵ. The suffix –an can be added • to the name of a place in order to form an adjective or noun that describes or refers to sb. or sth. that comes from that place, or • to the name of a famous person in order to form an adjective or noun that describes or refers to sth. or sb. that is connected with or typical of that person’s work or the time at which he or she lived. For example: 上一页 下一页

  23. V. Exercises—Word Building Back America Shakespeare American Shakespearean Look at the following words that have been formed by adding -an to some nouns and translate the Chinese expressions into English, using the words. 上一页 下一页

  24. V. Exercises—Word Building Back African Asian European Italian Victorian Elizabethan Hollywoodian Jamesian Africa Asia Europe Italy Victoria Elizabeth Hollywood James 上一页 下一页

  25. V. Exercises—Word Building Back 1. 由伊丽莎白时代的人完善的传统 a tradition perfected by the Elizabethans 2. 维多利亚时代精美家具的展览 an exhibition of fine Victorian furniture 3. 具有非洲根源的舞蹈音乐 dance music with African roots 4. 许多由亚洲人开办的商店 lots of shops run by Asians 上一页 下一页

  26. V. Exercises—Word Building Back 5. 使英国人更有欧洲人的感觉 make the British feel more European 6. 经常看意大利足球 watch Italian football very often 7. 制作了一些好莱坞式的电影 produce some Hollywoodian films 8. 写了一些詹姆斯风格的小说 write some novels of Jamesian style 上一页 下一页

  27. V. Exercises—Word Building Back 《读写教程 Ⅲ》:Ex. VII, p. 251 Ⅶ. The prefix pre- with the meaning of “before” can be added to nouns (mainly to form adjectives), verbs and adjectives with or without the hyphen. For example: nuptial cook war prenuptial precook pre-war (prewar) 上一页 下一页

  28. V. Exercises—Word Building Back Look at the following words that have been formed by adding pre- to nouns, verbs and adjectives and choose the proper word to fill in each blank. pre- + school pre- + marital pre- + exist pre- + game pre- + historic pre- + mature pre- + plan pre- + suppose pre-school premarital preexist pre-game prehistoric premature preplan presuppose 上一页 下一页

  29. V. Exercises—Word Building preexist pre-game pre-school premarital presuppose premature preplan prehistoric Back 1. __________ agreements are also welcome to some young people in China. Premarital 2. I had been a little too __________ in coming to this conclusion. premature 上一页 上一页 下一页 下一页

  30. V. Exercises—Word Building preexist pre-game pre-school premarital presuppose premature preplan prehistoric Back 3. The players were showered with gifts in a _________ ceremony. pre-game 4. It could not have been __________, since no imagination could have foreseen its need. preplanned 上一页 上一页 下一页 下一页

  31. V. Exercises—Word Building preexist pre-game pre-school premarital presuppose premature preplan prehistoric Back 5. More and more parents are beginning to realize the importance of __________ education for their children. pre-school 6. That place is worth seeing. It has some monuments that _______ written history. preexist 上一页 上一页 下一页 下一页

  32. V. Exercises—Word Building preexist pre-game pre-school premarital presuppose premature preplan prehistoric Back 7. I must __________ that you know the principal facts of the case. presuppose 8. Some __________ people lived in caves. prehistoric 上一页 上一页 下一页 下一页

  33. V. Exercises—Structure Back 《读写教程 Ⅲ》:Ex. VIII, p. 252 VIII. Study the model carefully and then combine the following pairs of sentences after the model. Model:A dispute can also break out over prenuptial agreements if a couple decides to divorce.The couple lives abroad at the same time. A dispute can also break out over prenuptial agreements if a couple decides to divorce while living abroad. 上一页 下一页

  34. V. Exercises—Structure Back • He always listens to the radio. At the same time he is driving to work. He always listens to the radio while driving to work. 2. He works in an American company. He gives lectures on economics in a college in the evening. He works in an American company while giving lectures on economics in a college in the evening. 上一页 下一页

  35. V. Exercises—Structure Back 3. In some societies women are treated as professional equals on the job. They are treated as servants at home. In some societies women are treated as professional equals on the job while being treated as servants at home. 4. We serve as teachers. We should be pupils at the same time. We should be pupils while serving as teachers. 上一页 下一页

  36. V. Exercises—Structure Back 5. The two professors will exchange their views. They will do so when they are in Paris attending a meeting. The two professors will exchange their views while in Paris attending a meeting. 上一页 下一页

  37. V. Exercises—Structure Back 《读写教程 Ⅲ》:Ex. IX, p. 252 IX. Now rewrite the following sentences to achieve emphasis by placing the negative part at the beginning. 1. This thought did not come to her mind even once. Not even once did this thought come to her mind. 上一页 下一页

  38. V. Exercises—Structure Back 2. They were no sooner released by order of the court than they were rearrested by the police. No sooner were they released by order of the court than they were rearrested by the police. 3. He understood the weakness of his own position least of all. Least of all did he understand the weakness of his own. 上一页 下一页

  39. V. Exercises—Structure Back 4. The couple seldom went to the theatre together during their stay in the USA. Seldom did the couple go to the theatre together during their stay in the USA. 5. We cannot understand a disease unless we understand the person who has the disease. Not unless we understand the person who has the disease can we understand a disease. 上一页 下一页

  40. V. Exercises—Translation Back 《读写教程 Ⅲ》:Ex. Ⅹ, p. 253 Ⅹ. Translate the following into English. 1.总统夫人威胁要公开揭发丈夫,这件事成了头条新闻。 threaten sb. with public exposure make the headlines It has made the headlines that the president’s wife threatened her husband with public exposure. 上一页 下一页

  41. V. Exercises—Translation Back 2. 那位富有的女士再三要求签定婚前协议, 令其未婚夫自尊心大大受损,结果以拒婚告终。 the wealthy lady’s repeated demand on sth. end up in sb.’s refusal to get married sting sb.’s pride The wealthy lady’s repeated demand on a premarital agreement greatly stung her future husband’s pride and ended up in his refusal to get married. 上一页 下一页

  42. V. Exercises—Translation Back 3. 他在支票上伪造他哥哥的签名,以不正当手段得到了这笔钱,但是却被媒体曝了光。 forge his brother’s signature on a check be exposed by the media get sth. dishonestly He got the money dishonestly, by forging his brother’s signature on a check, which was exposed by the media. 上一页 下一页

  43. V. Exercises—Translation Back 4. 他举了个典型的例子来说明警官朝那人开枪是正当的,因为那人先朝他开枪。 shoot the man with justification shoot at him first cite a classic example He cited a classic example to show that the police officer shot the man with justification because the man had shot at him first. 上一页 下一页

  44. V. Exercises—Translation Back 5. 毫无疑问,有些妇女坚持要有离婚的权利,如果他们丈夫干的工作和积攒的钱不如她们多的话。 insist on make no mistake about it the right to get a divorce Make no mistake about it, some women would insist on the right to get a divorce if their husbands did not work and save money as much as they did. 上一页 下一页

  45. V. Exercises—Translation Back 6. 对指纹的偶然发现, 有助于弄清他被派来调查的凶杀案。 the casual discovery of… shed some light on be sent to look into The casual discovery of the fingerprint shed some light on the murder he had been sent to look into. 上一页 下一页

  46. V. Exercises—Translation Back 7. 玛丽不愿向陌生人吐露心声,只是朝他尴尬地笑了笑。 lay bare one’s private thoughts give him an awkward smile be unwilling to Unwilling to lay bare her private thoughts to a stranger, Mary only gave him an awkward smile. 上一页 下一页

  47. V. Exercises—Translation Back 8. 重要的不是订婚双方对对方有没有信心,而是客观地看待婚姻本身,它与浪漫的爱情无关。 have no bearing on view the marriage as it is what matters What matters is not whether the engaged couple have faith in each other, but to view the marriage as it is, which has no bearing on romantic love. 上一页 下一页

  48. V. Exercises—Translation Back 《读写教程 Ⅲ》:Ex. XI, p. 253 XI. Translate the following into Chinese. 1. Prenups have been gaining in acceptance in the United States since the early 1980s, when more states began passing laws that affected the division of financial assets in a divorce. 自20世纪80年代初以来,婚前协议在美国被越来越多的人接受,因为当时越来越多的州开始通过关于离婚财产分配的法律。 下一页 上一页

  49. V. Exercises—Translation Back 2. The prenups of the famous make the headlines: lawyers for Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis contested the prenuptial agreement between her and Aristotle Onassis after his death, reportedly winning $26 million in an out-of-court settlement. 名人的婚前协议总是头条新闻: 杰奎琳·肯尼迪·奥纳西斯的律师在亚里士多德·奥纳西斯死后拿出两人的婚前协议对簿公堂,据说后来在庭外和解中赢得了2,600万美元。 下一页 上一页

  50. V. Exercises—Translation Back 3. A typical candidate for a prenuptial agreement is a man who has accumulated considerable wealth, has already been stung once, and wants to reduce his exposure to future problems. 典型的欲签订婚前协议的人是那些积存了大量财富的男性,他们曾吃过苦头,因而想减少自己日后的麻烦。 下一页 上一页