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CROATIAN CHAMBER OF ECONOMY (CCE) Energy as the Activity Carrier in Cooperation between Croatian Chamber o f Economy and European Organisations. Prepared by Kresimir Stih e-mail kstih@hgk.hr Pula, 9 May 2008. CROATIA economic profile 2006. MACROECONOMIC STABILITY Population 4.442 mil.

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prepared by kresimir stih e mail kstih@hgk hr pula 9 may 2008

CROATIAN CHAMBER OF ECONOMY (CCE)Energy as the Activity Carrier inCooperationbetweenCroatianChamber of Economy andEuropeanOrganisations

Prepared by Kresimir Stih

e-mail kstih@hgk.hr

Pula, 9 May 2008

croatia economic profile 2006
CROATIAeconomic profile 2006

MACROECONOMIC STABILITY

Population4.442 mil.

GDP: 34,220 mil €

GDP per capita:7,706 €

GDP growth: 4.8% (Q1-Q3 2007:6.2%)

Industrial output growth: 4.5%

Inflation rate: 3.2%

Unemployment rate: 11.2% (ILO)

Average net salary: 630 €

croatia electrical energy profile 2006
CROATIAelectrical energy profile 2006

EXP

IMPORT

IMPORT 8,313.1 GWh 44,5%

EXPORT 2,690.9 GWh 14,4%

PRODUCTION 13,036.7 GWh 69,9%

  • hydro power plants 6,728.7 GWh 36,1%
  • thermal power plants 3,930.2 GWh 21,1%
  • public cogen. plants 1,875.4 GWh 10,1%
  • industrial cogen. plants 471.9 GWh 2,5%
  • wind farms 19.1 GWh 0,1%
  • other 11.4 GWh 0,1%

TOTAL

NET CONSUMTION 16,137.0 GWh 86,5%

HYDRO

TH.&COG.

res in eu new eu directive
RES IN EUNew EU Directive!

Proposal of new EU directive on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources:

Transposition in Member State legislation – latest31 March 2010

Electricity – average 20% of power consumption, different for different Member States – Malta 10%, Sweden 49%

Share according to reference year (2005), energy consumption and growth,

Control through annual trajectory check points

Defines 10% RES in transport

Restriction to biofuels and biomass according to environmental sustainability criteria

Greenhouse gas impact

Guarantees of origin – trading scheme

Solar restriction – overall efficiency 35%

res expectations
RES EXPECTATIONS

Lowering long term dependence on energy sources – improvement of energy stability & security of supply

Energy efficiency and less environment influence of fossil fuels

Employment increase, new SMEs in energy sector

New technology development

res in croatia possibilities
RES IN CROATIApossibilities
  • Best options for RES use in Croatia in terms of competitiveness and potential contribution to the national energy balance sheet:
    • wind farms and biomass cogeneration for electricity generation
    • biomass heat plants and solar thermal collectors for heat production
    • liquid biofuels for transport
  • Other RES technologies - geothermal energy for heat, small hydro, geothermal cogeneration and solar PV for electric energy generation
res in croatia legislative
RES IN CROATIAlegislative
  • Strong activities towards RES legislation,
  • Since July 2007 legislation in conformity with EU directives includes:
    • Important statement: “Energy production from RES is interest of Republic of Croatia”
    • Definition of RES by category
    • Energy share from RES in energy mix till end of 1010 – will not fulfil
    • Registration procedures – MINGORP
    • Incentive tariff system for energy produced from RES
res in croatia potential
RES IN CROATIApotential

WIND POWER

largest potential

interest stronger then connection to grid possibilities

1st wind farm 2005 – 5.8 MW

2nd wind farm 2006 – 12 MW

3rd wind farm under construction – 42 MW

res in croatia potential1
RES IN CROATIApotential
  • Solar power:
    • Still expensive technology, 1MW limit for Croatia
    • Return of investment approximately 16 years for small objects – contracts limited to 12 years
    • Theoretical financial reliability: coastline south from Zadar – PV, north thermal heating and cooling
    • Legislation does not recognise small solar power systems (less then 30 kW)
    • Small solar systems (4 in Croatia) – app. 56 kW capacity
    • Today’s PV efficiency – 15%
    • Largest Solar power plant – Portugal, 12 MW
res in croatia potential2
RES IN CROATIApotential
  • BIOFUELS:
    • MODIBIT – Ozalj
    • 20,000t/year capacity
    • Problems: raw material, market
    • No incentive for agricultural production in future
  • VITREX - Virovitica
    • 8,000t/year capacity
res in croatia results
RES IN CROATIA results

IMPOSSIBLE

due to grid limits,

system stability

and security of supply

  • Legislation opens the race for licence:
    • Legal framework – licence requests for more then 1,500 MW RES

For illustration – Croatian electrical energy production capacities:

  • Hydro: 2,056 MW
  • Thermal: 1,589 MW
  • Nuclear: 338 MW

(50% share NE Krsko, Slovenia)

res in croatia results1
RES IN CROATIA results
  • Production:
    • First wind generator developed and produced in Croatia
    • Factory tested, prototype will soon be installed on-site
  • Production to start:
    • Semiconductor technology for solar panels

Important questions:

  • New jobs: How can RES increase employment?
  • Energy efficiency: Who is going on diet to save money for the food?
croatian chamber of economy main facts
CROATIAN CHAMBER OF ECONOMYmain facts
  • Established 1852
  • More than 70,000 active members
  • Umbrella institution of the Croatian business community
  • 20 County Chambers, 7 Representative Offices abroad, 9 Departments, 6 Centres, 42 Professional Associations
  • Euro Info Correspondence Centre
  • BIZNET - Croatian companies database
  • Business Opportunities Exchange
  • Information about relevant regulations and laws in the field of economics
  • Permanent Court of Arbitration and the Conciliation Centre
  • ISO 9001/2000
croatian chamber of economy main facts1
CROATIAN CHAMBER OF ECONOMYmain facts
  • Established 1852
  • More than 70,000 active members
  • Umbrella institution of the Croatian business community
  • 20 County Chambers, 7 Representative Offices abroad, 9 Departments, 6 Centres, 42 Professional Associations
  • Euro Info Correspondence Centre
  • BIZNET - Croatian companies database
  • Business Opportunities Exchange
  • Information about relevant regulations and laws in the field of economics
  • Permanent Court of Arbitration and the Conciliation Centre
  • ISO 9001/2000
res activities how did it start
RES ACTIVITIEShow did it start?

Activities initiated by a group of enthusiasts involved in RES business

Beginning - hard work of a group of people

  • Studies, promotion, education
  • On-site measurements, research

2005 – Established Association for RES

  • Over 120 members after the 1st meeting

Members:

  • Project developers, investors, companies
  • Governmental institutions, policy creators and energy agencies
  • Universities, institutes and research laboratories
croatian chamber of economy association for res structure
CROATIAN CHAMBER OF ECONOMYAssociation for RES – structure

ASSOCIATION FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES

(in regular frame of CCE structure)

SOLAR ENERGY GROUP

BIOMASS GROUP

SMALL HYDRO GROUP

GEOTHERMAL ENERGY GROUP

BIOFUEL GROUP

WIND ENERGY GROUP

RES EQUIPMENT PRODUCERS GROUP

res activities common activities
RES ACTIVITIEScommon activities
  • Discuss issues related to RES policy,
  • Promotion and education,
  • Analyse the effects of the measures, propose solutions and actively participate in final decisions,
  • Participation in expert teams of competent ministries,
  • Incentives and proposals relating to legislation and business conditions
  • Drafting of special laws and defining specific requirements for an activity
  • EU membership: EWEA, EURELECTRIC
  • WWEA excellent relation – membership expected
res activities promotion education
RES ACTIVITIESpromotion & education
  • Regular annual conference with international participation:
    • Wind & Solar – 2006
    • Biomass, biogas & biofuel – 2007
    • Next: Energy efficiency & Transport – end 2008

EUROPEAN BUSINESS FORUM ON RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES in Cavtat – November 2007:

    • 3 plenary sessions, 3 round tables, 1 study trip
    • More then 210 participants, 120 from abroad
    • Over 40 abstracts

More information: www.hgk.hr/ebfres

res activities promotion education1
RES ACTIVITIESpromotion & education

Participation in Inteligent Energy – Europe 2007 as one of the partners to EUROCHAMBRES:

CHANGE – Energy Efficiency for SMEs

market monitoring, energy audits and pre-checks and support schemes

total budget over 2 mil. €

17 partners involved

Kick-off scheduled for middle September

Croatian companies are invited to participate in the programme

euro info correspondance centre
EURO INFO CORRESPONDANCE CENTRE

All relevant information from EU:

EU legislative

EU programmes opened for Croatian participation

Project partner search

Public tendering

Education

Relay centres:

Dubrovnik

Osijek

Pula

Rijeka

Split

www.euroinfo.hr

euro info centre eu projects
EURO INFO CENTREEU projects

Application for 128 EU project in different programmes, 3 in preparation for application:

32 succesfully closed projects

24 active project (in realisation)

24 opened applications

38 rejected project applications

3 in preparation

5 project ideas

3 quit projects

1 abandomed

1 canceled

Status on 21 April 2008

thank you for your attention

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

CROATIAN CHAMBER OF ECONOMY

Industry & Technology Department

Kresimir Stih

e-mail kstih@hgk.hr

Ph. +385 (0) 1 4606 758

Fx. +385 (0) 1 4606 737

http://www.hgk.hr