PAX ROMANA • Means “Roman Peace” • Starts with Augustus • Rome had peace, order, and prosperity
Later Emperors • Hadrian- built a wall to keep out northern barbaric tribes in Britain • Marcus Aurelius- focused on philosophy
ROMAN ACHIEVEMENT • Virgil: epic poemAeneid • Ptolemy: Earth was center of the universe
ROMAN ACHIEVEMENT • Roman architecture stressed grandeur - Colosseum - Circus Maximus - Aqueducts: bridge like stone structure that carried water from the hills to the cities
ROMAN ENTERTAINMENT • Circus Maximus: chariot racing • Gladiator fights
Rise of Christianity • The Jewish Diaspora refers to the movement of Jews out of traditional lands to other parts of the world. • The Jews were forced out of Palestine when there homeland and temples were destroyed by the Romans in 70 AD
Rise of Christianity • Judea was a province of Rome; Jews were banned from living in Jerusalem • A Jewish group called Zealotsrefused to accept Roman rule. • The Zealots were conservatives that strict obedience to Jewish law and rejected foreign influences • Many believed that God would soon send a messiah, an anointed king, who would lead them to freedom from Rome
Rise of Christianity • As turmoil engulfed the Jews, a new religion, Christianity, was born amid followers of Jesus. • Jesus taught simple lessons, often using parables. • Sermon on the Mount: ethical themes of mercy and sympathy for the poor and helpless.
Rise of Christianity • Jesus was betrayed by one of his disciples, arrested by the Romans, and condemned to die by crucifixion. • According to the Gospels, after his death Jesus returned and spoke to his disciples. He commanded them to continue to preach his message, and then ascended to heaven.
Rise of Christianity • Roman rulers persecuted the early Christians for disloyalty to Rome. • Christianity will spread during PaxRomana.
Rise of Christianity • Under the Emperor Constantine, the persecution of Christians ended.
Rise of Christianity • Church Hierarchy- established by the scholar Augustine