Journal Topic. Reflections on a goal I have set for myself (what I’ll have to do to get there—try to get as specific as you can) ~or~ What makes goal-setting difficult or unnecessary for me at this time. Arjuna’s path to his goal. EQ: How does the reader determine the key points of a text?.
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Reflections on a goal I have set for myself (what I’ll have to do to get there—try to get as specific as you can)
What makes goal-setting difficult or unnecessary for me at this time
What does it say? (literal level)
Goal: Paraphrase text
What does it mean? (deeper meaning)
Goal: Support ideas with the text
What does it matter? (Theme)
Goal: Application of text (demonstrate understanding of the text in context of our lives and those of others)
How do ideas expressed connect to our ongoing discussion of Hinduism (dharma, karma, caste, reincarnation)?
What is Krishna saying is important for a person of understanding to realize?
Based on what Krishna is telling him, what difficulties does Arjuna seem to be experiencing? What is he asked to understand in order to overcome these problems?
You should be ready to cite examples from the reading in your answers
What do people become “attached to” today? How can these attachments affect a person and their personal pursuit of “oneness”?
Why is it so difficult for people to achieve “oneness” with their goals (if you like, think about people of your own “caste”)
What does it say? (your paraphrase)
What does it mean? (your interpretation)*
What does it matter? (How does it connect to our discussion/our lives?)*
* To be collected
Record your answers to the 3 questions for the remaining stanzas
Use context clues
Look for the familiar
What is our context?
What might be familiar?
What are you going to look at in order to make inferences?
Read each stanza and:
Write a paraphrase
After you have finished with stanza 8:
Write a brief summary of this section of the story
1 - Arjuna is sad/filled with pity as Krishna appears to talk with him
2 - Krishna asks why he is acting like a coward
3 – Don’t give in (to weakness) Fight agains this urge!
4 – Arjuna is worried about fighting those he should respect
5 – Shouldn’t I choose personal loss (lower caste) over victory (dishonor)?
6 – Won’t it be worse to win (and suffer dishonor) than to lose with honor?
7 – I have pity (guilt) in my heart which is keeping me from my duty – help me to know what I should do
8 – All I can think about is how I will feel (guilt/sorrow/regret) if I go against my elders to win greatness in this life
Repeat paraphrase/summarize steps for this section
Sanjaya – narrator provides situation
Krishna – asks question of Arjuna:
Why this cowardice in time of crisis?
What is the real question as it relates to the dharma of a soldier?
Arjuna – responds:
How can I fight? (against elders)
Has personal conflict (“the flaw of pity”)
Torn between sacred duty and family honor
those who ought to
desired outcome in
such a conflict
with the feelings of
pity one experiences
as a result
“You grieve for those beyond grief”
“Look to your own duty; do not tremble
before it; nothing is better for a warrior
than a battle of sacred duty.”
What consequences will Arjuna face if he does not follow his dharma?
How does spiritual discipline help in this area?
“Arjuna, action is far inferior to the discipline of understanding.”
What characterizes an undiscerning person (41-44)?
What characterizes true discernment (46-53)?
How does the one with discernment overcome the sensuous/material world 55-58)
How do the senses fight against true discernment (59-63)?
What results from yielding to the senses (62-63)?
“But a man of inner strength whose senses
experience objects without attraction and
hatred, in self-control, finds serenity.”
According to Krishna, how is discernment and peace achieved (64-68)?