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Meirokusha

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  1. Meirokusha The Society of the Famous Six March 1874 - November 1875

  2. Fukuzawa Yukichi(1834-1901)

  3. Mori Arinori(1847-1889) • Satsuma samurai • Ambassador to U.S, early 1870s • Ambassador to Qing China (1875-78), England (1879-84) • Minister of Education, 1885- • Assassinated 1889

  4. Nakamura Masanao(1832-1891) • Edo native • Confucian teacher • Sent to London by Tokugawa, 1866-68 • Translator: Sam. Smiles’ Self Help; J.S.Mill’s On Liberty • 1874 became Christian

  5. Tsuda Mamichi(1829-1903) • Okayama samurai • Bakufu school teacher in Western Learning • Studied economics and law in Holland, 1862-65 • Legal expert in Meiji Ministries (Justice, Foreign Affairs, War)

  6. Katô Hiroyuki(1836-1916) • Hyôgo samurai • Bakufu student of Western learning, mil. Sciences, German • Early advocate of natural rights • 1880s grew conservative (e.g., restricted electorate)

  7. Civilization game

  8. Civilization and enlightenment • 1872 exposition 1877 exhibition

  9. Adoption of Western culture • Koyama Shôtarô’s portrait of his mentor, Kawakami Tôgai, 1881 • Technical Art School, Tokyo, founded 1876

  10. Adoption of Western culture • Tokyo Music Academy (1898-1912) • Military bands • Folk songs in school curricula

  11. Rokumeikan, late 1880s diplomatic reception hall

  12. Kôchi city street, 1878

  13. Ginza, 1876