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Library Orientation Pharmacy Year I Class of 2013. Emily Brennan, MLIS Pamela Corley, MLS, AHIP Joe Pozdol, MLIS. Norris Medical Library University of Southern California 2003 Zonal Avenue Los Angeles, CA 90089. Learning Objectives. To Learn How To:

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Library orientation pharmacy year i class of 2013 l.jpg

Library OrientationPharmacy Year IClass of 2013

Emily Brennan, MLIS

Pamela Corley, MLS, AHIP

Joe Pozdol, MLIS

Norris Medical Library

University of Southern California

2003 Zonal Avenue

Los Angeles, CA 90089


Learning objectives l.jpg
Learning Objectives

  • To Learn How To:

  • Avoid plagiarism in written assignments

  • Evaluate websites to find authoritative, reliable health information

  • Find background information using Google, Wikipedia, UpToDate, and AccessPharmacy

  • Find journal articles using GoogleScholar and determine their availability at USC


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Plagiarism Defined

Plagiarism is:

“the unauthorized use or close imitation of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one's own original work”

Random House Dictionary 2009


One can plagiarize from l.jpg
One can plagiarize from…

  • Print resources

  • Online resources

  • Oneself

  • One’s friends

  • Two of the above

  • Three of the above

  • All of the above


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Citing within a Paper

  • Why cite?

    • Avoid breaking honor code

    • Avoid meeting with academic standards committee

    • Allow others to find and use information you found


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Direct Quotes v. Paraphrasing

Direct quotes

Used to indicate language (i.e. wording) is same

Good when point is particularly well-stated

Rarely used in science

Author last name, date, and page

Paraphrasing

Used to indicate source of ideas

Language is not the same

Common in scientific articles

Author last name, date, and sometimes page


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Use Quotes, Paraphrase, or Don’t Cite?From an article on computational drug delivery by Dr. Haworth:“An apparent difference between simulation methods that are broadly aimed at drug discovery/design and those aimed at aspects of drug delivery is the greater molecular focus in the former approaches” (Haworth 2006, p. 1271). Haworth, IS. Computational drug delivery. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2006 Nov 30; 58(12-13): 1271-3. You type:An area of focus in modern pharmaceutical science research is how computers can be used to predict how drugs will interact.

  • Insert quotes

  • Paraphrase

  • Don’t cite


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Use Quotes, Paraphrase, or Don’t Cite?From an article on computational drug delivery by Dr. Haworth:“An apparent difference between simulation methods that are broadly aimed at drug discovery/design and those aimed at aspects of drug delivery is the greater molecular focus in the former approaches” (Haworth 2006, p. 1271). Haworth, IS. Computational drug delivery. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2006 Nov 30; 58(12-13): 1271-3. You type:Computer simulations that are designed to promote drug discovery emphasize what happens at the atomic level more than simulations of drug delivery.

  • Insert quotes

  • Paraphrase

  • Don’t cite


Slide9 l.jpg

Use Quotes, Paraphrase, or Don’t Cite?From an article on computational drug delivery by Dr. Haworth:“An apparent difference between simulation methods that are broadly aimed at drug discovery/design and those aimed at aspects of drug delivery is the greater molecular focus in the former approaches” (Haworth 2006, p. 1271).Haworth, IS. Computational drug delivery. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2006 Nov 30; 58(12-13): 1271-3. You type:Computational approaches aimed at drug discovery differ from those aimed at drug delivery in their greater molecular focus.

  • Insert quotes

  • Paraphrase

  • Don’t cite


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Creating a References List

  • A journal article citation:

  • Landau S, Besinque K, Chung F, et al. Pharmacist interest in and attitudes toward direct pharmacy access to hormonal contraception in the United States. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2009 Jan-Feb; 49(1): 43-50.

  • A website citation:

  • Vaccines & Immunizations public information page. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Accessed at www.cdc.gov/vaccines, August 15, 2009. Updated on August 6, 2009.

  • EndNote Web

  • Access via Web of Knowledge from QuickLinks dropdown on Norris

  • homepage


Which of the following may not be present in a journal article citation l.jpg
Which of the following may NOT be present in a journal article citation?

  • Last name of primary author

  • Month(s)

  • Year

  • Title of article

  • Journal name

  • None of the above



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A Pharmacy Student Scenario (cont.)

Dr. Hay’s study reads:

“Intensive outpatient pharmacist consultation targeting high-risk patients would improve survival and decrease hospitalization rates” (Yuan, Hay, McCombs 2003, p. 45).

Yuan Y, Hay JW, McCombs JS. Effects of ambulatory-care

pharmacist consultation on mortality and hospitalization.

Am J Manag Care. 2003 Jan; 9(1): 45-56.

Into your report you type:

Survival would be improved and hospitalization rates would decrease with intensive outpatient pharmacist consultation that targets high-risk patients (Yuan, Hay, McCombs 2003).


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This example is…

  • Not plagiarism since you changed the wording and gave the authors credit in a citation

  • Not plagiarism since you asked Dr. Hay if you could include the idea in your paper

  • Plagiarism since you failed to include the page number from Dr. Hay’s paper

  • Plagiarism since you did not put direct quotes around the sentence

  • Plagiarism since your wording is too similar to the authors’ sentence


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A Pharmacy Student Scenario (cont.)

Dr. Hay’s study reads:

“Intensive outpatient pharmacist consultationtargeting high-risk patients would improve survival and decrease hospitalization rates” (Yuan, Hay, McCombs 2003, p. 45).

Into your report you type:

Survival would be improved and hospitalization rates would decrease with intensive outpatient pharmacist consultation that targets high-risk patients (Yuan, Hay, McCombs 2003).


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Website Evaluation

  • Authority: are the sponsors/authors of the page reputable?

    • Wikipedia editors

  • Accuracy: is the info reliable and error-free?

  • Currency: last updated?

    • http://www.vegsource.com/harris/b_cancer.htm


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    Website Evaluation

    Citations: does the site cite its references?

    • http://www.healingdaily.com/conditions/conventional-cancer-treatments.htm

  • Objectivity: bias?

    • WebMD “Health Solutions from our Sponsors” http://www.webmd.com/drugs/index-drugs.aspx


  • Slide18 l.jpg

    Read the press release “Rethinking AIDS Releases New Brochure on AIDS Testing” at http://www.rethinkingaids.com.This article has this one website evaluation quality:

    • Citations

    • Accuracy

    • Objectivity

    • Currency


    Searching the web l.jpg
    Searching the Web Brochure on AIDS Testing” at

    • Wikipedia

      • always go to original references

    • Google

      • Advanced Search

        • Limit to domain: .gov, .org

        • Date: how recent the page is


    Slide20 l.jpg

    On Wikipedia, look up the drug Ritalin. In the History section, it says, “Methylphenidate was patented in 1954 by the CIBA pharmaceutical company (now Novartis) as a potential cure for Mohr's disease.”How would you cite that statement?

    • Methylphenidate (updated Aug 2009). In Wikipedia. Retrieved Aug 24, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methylphenidate.

    • I wouldn’t cite it because it’s common knowledge

    • News from DEA, Congressional Testimony (updated April 16, 2000). Retrieved Nov 2, 2002 from http://www.dea.gov/pubs/cngrtest/ct051600.htm.

    • I can’t cite it based on the Wikipedia entry alone


    In the google advanced search option one useful feature for avoiding questionable websites is l.jpg
    In the Google Advanced Search option, one useful feature for avoiding questionable websites is:

    • “Search within site or domain”

    • “File type”

    • “Language”

    • “Region”


    Accesspharmacy l.jpg

    Most useful for Pharmacists avoiding questionable websites is:

    eBooks - 13 of 25 are Pharmacy-specific

    Drugs

    Calculators

    Cases

    MyAccessPharmacy – free Registration

    Quizzes or Saving Images

    Other – geared toward physicians

    Lab tests

    Videos (most from AccessMedicine)

    AccessPharmacy


    Accesspharmacy searching l.jpg
    AccessPharmacy - Searching avoiding questionable websites is:

    Search Box

    ‘Images, Video & Other Media’ (checkbox)

    Advanced Search - checkboxes

    Drug monographs (drug names)

    All or select Specific textbooks

    Effectiveness statements

    Glossary

    Goodman & Gilman updates

    Pharmacotherapy education guides or updates

    Pharmacy hot topics


    In the accesspharmacy drugs tab which is not listed as a drug interaction of ritalin l.jpg
    In the AccessPharmacy DRUGS tab, which is NOT listed as a drug interaction of Ritalin?

    • MAO Inhibitors

    • Iobenguane I 123

    • Antiarrhythmic Agents

    • Inhalational Anesthetics


    Which textbook is not part of the accesspharmacy etextbook collection l.jpg
    Which textbook is drug interaction of Ritalin?NOT part of the AccessPharmacy eTextbook collection?

    • Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach

    • Pharmacy and Federal Drug Law Review

    • Basic & Clinical Pharmacology

    • Comprehensive Pharmacy Review


    Uptodate l.jpg

    Current – continuously updated drug interaction of Ritalin?

    Authoritative

    Authors/Editors - faculty physicians, including 25 USC MDs

    Evidence-based treatment recommendations

    Peer-reviewed

    Unbiased – free of ads or pharmaceutical funding

    UpToDate


    Uptodate27 l.jpg
    UpToDate drug interaction of Ritalin?

    Over 7,700 topics in 14 medical specialties

    Synthesis of the literature – over 430 journals monitored

    Over 80,000 pages of text and graphics

    Links to MEDLINE abstracts

    Includes over 260,000 references

    Drug database

    Onsite access only


    Uptodate for patients l.jpg
    UpToDate drug interaction of Ritalin? for Patients

    • Accessibility

      • On-campus: ‘Patient Info’ tab in UpToDate

      • Off-campus: directly at www.uptodate.com/patients

        • Free


    Uptodate includes l.jpg
    UpToDate drug interaction of Ritalin? includes:

    • Peer reviewed, but not authoritative information

    • Peer reviewed and evidence-based information

    • Full text of journal articles

    • Pharmacy eBooks

    • Medical eBooks


    Uptodate includes drug information l.jpg
    UpToDate drug interaction of Ritalin? includes drug information.

    • True

    • False


    From home one can access the full version of l.jpg
    From home, one can access the full version of… drug interaction of Ritalin?

    • AccessPharmacy

    • UpToDate

    • AccessPharmacy and UpToDate

    • Some eResources, but most are only available on the HSC campus


    Google scholar and find it @ usc l.jpg
    Google Scholar and FIND IT @ USC drug interaction of Ritalin?

    • Scholar preferences

    • Library Links

    • Advanced search

    • Subject areas

    • An article available online:

    • Okamoto, 2001, actin cytoskeleton

    • An article not available online:

    • Ragweed pollen, loratadine, 2009


    Slide33 l.jpg

    Here is the citation for an article on acetaminophen overdose:Stumpf JL, Skyles AJ, Alaniz C, Erickson SR. Knowledge of appropriate acetaminophen doses and potential toxicities in an adult clinic population. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA. 2007;47(1):35–41.Use the advanced search feature of Google Scholar to answer.At the Norris Medical Library, this article is:

    • Available electronically only

    • Available in print only

    • Available both online and in print

    • Not available


    Thanks for listening please fill out an evaluation library orientation pharmacy 1 emily joe or pam l.jpg
    Thanks for listening! overdose:Please fill out an evaluation…Library OrientationPharmacy 1 Emily, Joe, or Pam