Think of time that you have been exceptionally motivated - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Think of time that you have been exceptionally motivated

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Think of time that you have been exceptionally motivated

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  1. Think of time that you have been exceptionally motivated • What was the context of the behavior? • Think of as many details as possible… • Why were you so motivated at this time?

  2. Think of a time when you were exceptionally unmotivated • What was the context of this behavior? • Think of as many details as possible… • Why were you so unmotivated? • What could have made you more likely to be motivated?

  3. Complete 8A-2 Hope Scale

  4. Five theories • 1) Hedonic principle: experience pleasure/avoid pain • Very Freudian/psychoanalytic • Thanatos/Eros

  5. Five Theories • 2) Instinct Theory—evolutionary/innate behavior • Rooting instinct

  6. Five theories • 3) Drive Theory –we are motivated to reduce a drive to return to homeostasis...i.e., food, sex, temperature • Hull’s drive reduction theory • What is NOT explained by this theory?

  7. Watching sad movies • Climbing mountains • Attending college • Read books • Etc... • 8A-3

  8. Five Theories • 4) Arousal Theory—we are driven to experience stimulation—even if we are not hungry, have no desire to mate, and are perfectly physiologically content....we still do stuff.

  9. Five theories • 5) Humanistic Theory: humans strive to obtain self-actualization • Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs • 8A-5

  10. Sports Psychology 5 Key Elements for increased performance

  11. 1) Goal Setting • Why? • DIRECTION • FEEDBACK • SUPPORT • Why NOT? • Fear of Failure • Handout 8A-13 • Results in a change in behavior • Training is more productive • Competitive behavior is more focused • Preparation becomes more focused

  12. Relaxation • Anxiety often interferes with performance • Focus negative thoughts toward something else • Preserves energy • Methods: biofeedback, diaphragmatic breathing, mindfulness, meditation, progressive muscle relaxation.

  13. Self-talk • We have a tendency to have negative, unhealthy thought patterns • Self-talk is used to reframe situations

  14. Imagery • Vivid recall of the positive • Remembering mistakes and correcting them with imagination • Counting in your head to regain focus

  15. Concentration • Do nothing for 1 minute… • Preventing distractions • Directs attention to task

  16. Cognitive Factors in Motivation • Expectations • Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivation • Locus of Control • Explanatory behaviors • Learned Helplessness

  17. Power of Expectations • How do expectations of myself and other impact my motivation to achieve a goal? • Reading: “What you expect is what you get” • How can you apply scientific findings to your own experience? • What are the main ideas in psychological research?

  18. Instrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivation • Instrinsic • Internal • Motivated by personal rewards • "Practice“ • 10,000 hours excerpt • Extrinsic • Motivated by external factors • i.e., grades, trophies, recognition, titles, etc…

  19. Locus of Control • Internal • Reading: 40 Studies • Sense of personal action • Have the capacity to influence events • External • Sense of helplessness • Good things are not tied to behavior • Pawns of fate • Believe in ability to influence events

  20. Explanatory Behaviors • ANSIE SCALE • Global/Specific • Stable/Unstable • Internal/External

  21. Learned Helplessness • 40 Study—Seligman