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Muscular System. Neurologically-related terms Dr. peterson. Neurological Disorders. Dystonia Cerebral, spinal or cerebellar disorders Muscular dystrophy (MD) Myasthenia gravis (MG) Other movement terms related to Parkinson’s disease & tremors. Terms related to dystonia. Dystonia

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muscular system

Muscular System

Neurologically-related terms

Dr. peterson

neurological disorders
Neurological Disorders
  • Dystonia

Cerebral, spinal or cerebellar disorders

Muscular dystrophy (MD)

Myasthenia gravis (MG)

Other movement terms related to Parkinson’s disease & tremors

terms related to dystonia
Terms related to dystonia
  • Dystonia
  • Torticollis

dys- difficult

ton tone, tension

-ia condition

tort/i twisted

-collisneck

dystonia
Dystonia
  • Continuous, intermittent contraction of many muscles, making body part turn, eventually in a fixed way
dystonia1
Dystonia
  • Spasmodic torticollis (focal dystonia)
dystonia2
Dystonia
  • Blepharospasm - spasmodic winking of the eyelids
  • Meige Syndrome - Forceful dystonic spasms of the face, in particular when trying to speak or to eat

Henry Meige (1866-1940)

dystonia3
Dystonia
  • Writer’s cramp

Scott Adams, and his creation Dilbert

dystonia4
Dystonia
  • Cramping of Parkinson’s disease
  • Voice dystonias (3 types): Abductor spasmodic dystonia

Adductor spasmodic dystonia

Mixed

dystonia5
Dystonia
  • Rx: botulinum toxin; dopamine (this may be a dopamine responsive dyskinesia)
terms related to cerebral spinal or cerebellar disorders
Terms related to cerebral, spinal or cerebellar disorders
  • Myoparesis
  • Polyplegia
  • Spasticity
  • Ataxia
  • (Dysdiadochokinesia)

my/o muscle

-paresisweakness

poly-many

-plegiastroke, paralysis

spastic convulsive

-ity condition

a- lack of

-taxiaorder (coordination)

diadochosucceeding

Can you determine what dysdiadochokinesia means?

terms related to md or mg
Terms related to MD or MG
  • Muscular dystrophy (MD)
  • Myasthenia gravis (MG)
  • Neuromyopathic

dys- difficult

-trophy nourishment, development

dys- difficult

-trophy nourishment, development

my muscle

-asthenia weakness

gravis grave

-icpertaining to

Does neur/o refer to the nervous system, nerve, or atypical (as in neurosis)?

terms associated with plexus nerve root or peripheral nerve disorders1
Terms associated with plexus, nerve root or peripheral nerve disorders

Myokinesis (Example: fasciculations)

Association with:

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or Lou Gehrig’s disease
  • Spinal cord disorders
  • Peripheral nerve disorders (carpal tunnel syndrome), nerve root disorders (herniation)
  • Normalindividuals

-kinesismotion

other movement terms
Other movement terms
  • Bradykinesia
  • Hyperkinesia

brady- slow

does neur o refer to the nervous system nerve or atypical as in neurosis
Does neur/o refer to the nervous system, nerve, or atypical (as in neurosis)?
  • a. nervous system
  • b. nerve
  • c. atypical
sorry try again
Sorry! Try again.

Back to the question

correct great job
Correct! Great job!

Get me back to where I was

sorry try again1
Sorry! Try again.

Back to the question

image credits
Image Credits
  • Nerve root: http://secondopinion-spine.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/cervical-herniated-disc.gif
  • Robin Williams: http://cdn.abclocal.go.com/content/kgo/images/cms/254601_630x354.jpg
  • Cover: http://www.nerdtests.com/picsarea/2f597263b71b32c9d2a85c1427a038ce.jpg
  • Gahrrr: http://wac.450f.edgecastcdn.net/80450F/screencrush.com/files/2014/05/roar2.jpg
  • I Sorry: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-mPf-_GrHGC0/Tcn2uEjUGvI/AAAAAAAAAGo/y3ctIhyO9yk/s1600/im-sorry+copy.jpg
  • Correct: http://year9sciencerevision.wikispaces.com/file/view/correct.png/102087585/533x382/correct.png