Cuba World Studies
Basics of Cuba Geography of Cuba Major Resources/ Exports of Cuba • Large island in the Caribbean • Tropical climate • Capital is Havana • 11 million people • 99.8% Literacy Rate • 77.6 Life Expectancy • Nickel • Sugarcane • Tobacco
Pre-Colonial Cuba • Cuba was inhabited by native tribes (Taino/ Arawak, Ciboney, Guanajatabey) • Natives migrated from North, Central, and South American over the previous centuries.
Imperialism in Cuba Time line Impact of Imperialism • Cuba was claimed in the name of Spain in 1492 by Christopher Columbus. • Cuba remained in Spanish control until 1898 (about 400 years), when the U.S. gained Cuba as a result of the Spanish-American War. • Cuba gained independence from U.S. in 1902. • Spread of European culture (religion, language) • Enslavement of natives who refused to convert to Christianity • Spread of disease leads to death • African slaves brought to Cuba to work
Cuba and the Cold War Following WWII, the Cold War between the U.S. and USSR took place on a global level. During the 1940’s, the Cuban government started to movetowards communism under Fulgencio Batista. Following the Cuban Revolution (1959) under the leadership of Fidel Castro and Che Guevara, Cuba moved rapidly towards communism and allied itself with the Soviet Union. This led to conflict with the United States, including the Bay of Pigs invasion, Cuban Missile crisis, and an trade embargo that is still in place today.