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What is the Global Water Challenge?. Laura Keating Global Strategy Institute Center for Strategic and International Studies March 23, 2007. Parameters. Challenges. Solutions. The Global Water Challenge: PARAMETERS. Per Capita Water Availability. SCARCITY. SCARCITY. 90%. 80%.

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what is the global water challenge
What is the Global Water Challenge?
  • Laura Keating
  • Global Strategy Institute
  • Center for Strategic and International Studies
  • March 23, 2007
slide3

Parameters

Challenges

Solutions

slide7

90%

80%

SCARCITY

slide8

1.1 BILLION

2.6 BILLION

ACCESS

slide9

United Nations Development Program:

“Not having access to clean water” is a euphemism for profound deprivation.

ACCESS

slide10

Developed Regions (15)

Populations without access to improved drinking water sources in 2002 (millions of people)

Source: Millennium Assessment Program

Eurasia (20)

Oceania (3)

Latin America & Caribbean (60)

East Asia (303)

Africa (295)

South Asia (234)

Western Asia (23)

ACCESS

Southeast Asia (115)

slide11

QUALITY

Chinese SEPA: more than 70% of water in five out of seven major water systems is too polluted for human use

slide13

ECOSYSTEMS

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: 5%-25% current use is unsustainable

slide14

QUALITY

ECOSYSTEMS

ACCESS

SCARCITY

slide16

Human Development Challenge

Economic Challenge

Security Challenge

human development
Human Development
  • Gathering Water
  • 10-60 minutes per day
  • Uganda: 660 hours/family
  • Africa: 40 billion working hours
human development1
Human Development
  • Water-related Disease
  • 50% of developing world’s hospital beds
  • 1.8 million diarrheal deaths
  • 17% of all child mortality
human development2
Human Development

10-year-old girl in El Alto, Bolivia:

“Of course I wish I were in school. I want to learn to read and to write... but how can I? My mother needs me to get water and the standpipe here is only open from 10-12. You have to get in line early because so many people come here.”

Text

economic challenge

$29 billion

$34 billion

Latin America

South Asia

sub-Saharan Africa

East Asia

$23.5 billion

$66 billion

Economic Challenge

$170 billion = 2.6%

security challenge1
Security Challenge

Water’s Importance

Water Trends

Water Conflict

+

=

slide26

Conflict or Collaboration?

Global number & type of events related to international river basins, 1948-1998

Collaboration

Conflict

Extensive military act

Political/military hostile action

Strong official verbal hostility

Neutral non-significant act

Official verbal support

Economic/Technical agreement or support

Intl. water treaty

Small-scale military act

Diplomatic/economic hostile action

Mild official verbal hostility

Mild verbal support

Cultural/ scientific agreement or support

Military econ. strategic support

slide31

1

Mobilize technologies

slide32

2

Integrated Water Resource Management

slide33

3

Rational pricing

slide34

4

Multilateral cooperation

slide37

www.csis.org

www.csis.org/gsi/global_waters_future/

what is the global water challenge1
What is the Global Water Challenge?
  • Laura Keating
  • Global Strategy Institute
  • Center for Strategic and International Studies
  • March 23, 2007