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STARTING OFF: . Research Concepts Research Processes Component 1 . Review. Research Philosophies and Paradigms Positivist Naturalistic Postpositivist Critical Theory Other perspectives (feminist). Aims of research paradigms. Positivist Understanding underlying cause One reality

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starting off

STARTING OFF:

Research Concepts

Research Processes

Component 1

review
Review
  • Research Philosophies and Paradigms
        • Positivist
        • Naturalistic
        • Postpositivist
        • Critical Theory
        • Other perspectives (feminist)
aims of research paradigms
Aims of research paradigms
  • Positivist
      • Understanding underlying cause
      • One reality
      • Scientific methodology – deductive – theory proven by data
      • Empirical evidence (rooted in objective reality, not hunches)
      • Systematic
      • Numeric data
      • Generalizable
      • Problematic when trying to answer questions of moral or ethical perspective
      • Humans are not just facts and figures, but are complex.
      • Too narrow, too rigid at times.
      • Measurement is problematic for some concepts
slide4

Naturalistic

        • Explore the ‘humanist’ perspective
        • Not reductionist, but expansive, flexible
        • Multiple realities
        • Focuses on understanding human experience, not necessarily answering all questions about it
        • Takes time
        • Occurs in the ‘natural setting’ – or “field”
        • Inductive (observation or data to theory) – framework which helps explain process
        • Humans are the collection instrument
        • Personal and subjective – can be problematic
        • Typically smaller groups – generalizability not seen
component 1
COMPONENT 1
  • Consists of :
        • Area of interest
        • Background to the problem you have identified
        • Reason this should be researched (link to practice)
        • Problem statement (s)
        • Research Question(s)
        • References

2 – 3 pages

slide6

Area of Interest

Why do you want or why should this area be explored ?

    • new problem you encountered in practice, or in reading
    • Something you saw which has you thinking why? Or who? Or what?
    • Needs to be something which can be impacted by nursing (clinical, education, or administration)
background to problem
BACKGROUND TO PROBLEM
  • What is known
  • Current practices
  • Will require some reading of literature
reason this should be researched
REASON THIS SHOULD BE RESEARCHED
  • ? Practice implications
  • Ethical implications
  • Knowledge development in nursing
problem statement s
PROBLEM STATEMENT(S)
  • Addresses the issue
  • Takes into account the background
  • Addresses a gap seen
  • Is specific but not focused
research question s
RESEARCH QUESTION(S)
  • Focused
  • Specific
  • Address what is being researched
  • Variables
references
REFERENCES
  • APA 6TH ED
  • If you used any references, and YOU should b/c we are not just going by hunches here.
apa game
Apa game
  • Groups of 3 – 4
  • Each group has 1 reference.
  • Reassemble and write out on board
  • Remainder of class to correct...be careful..it MAY not be right