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Chaparral. Mr. Ward-Guthrie 11/26/13 8 th Grade Science. Chaparral – What is it?. Shrubland found in southern California and northern Baja California - Mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers - Important characteristic – serious wildfires!.

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Mr. Ward-Guthrie


8th Grade Science

chaparral what is it
Chaparral – What is it?

Shrubland found in southern California and northern Baja California

- Mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers

- Important characteristic – serious wildfires!

the food web where does everything get its food
The Food Web - Where does everything get its food?

Carnivores & Omnivores



The Sun

the sun the source of energy for life
The Sun – The source of energy for life

Hydrogen is fused into helium in a nuclear reaction to produce energy

producers of the chaparral
Producers of the Chaparral

Producers (green plants) produce their energy from the sun via photosynthesis.

Their fruit, seeds, and leaves are eaten by the primary consumers.



Scrub Oak


primary consumers of the chaparral
Primary Consumers of the Chaparral

Primary consumers eat the producers.

They, in turn, are eaten by the secondary and tertiary consumers.

Pinyon Mouse

Mule Deer

Pinacate Beetle

Ground Squirrel

secondary consumers of the chaparral
Secondary Consumers of the Chaparral

Secondary consumers are typically omnivores, both eating plants and animals.

They, in turn, are eaten by the tertiary consumers, the predators.

Whiptail Lizard

Big-eared Bat


Greater Roadrunner

tertiary consumers of the chaparral
Tertiary Consumers of the Chaparral

Tertiary consumers, also known as apex predators, are ‘top’ of the food web.

Carnivorous, they eat any level of consumer in the food web.



Golden Eagles

energy where does it go
Energy – Where does it go?

In the food web, solar energy is passed along from the producers to the consumers.

Along the way, most of that original energy is lost, either as material that is not eaten (bone, stem, roots, etc.) or expended as the animal moves, breathes, reproduces or performs any of the functions required for life.

The circle of life is a not really a ‘circle’, but a complicated web of interactions.