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Update and Latest Developments on the GHS

Update and Latest Developments on the GHS. Dr Peter Dawson ERMA New Zealand. GHS Stocktaking Workshop For Southeast, East and Central Asia 15-17 September 2010 Beijing, People’s Republic of China. Outline. Implementation update Country/region updates Building block approach

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Update and Latest Developments on the GHS

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  1. Update and Latest Developments on the GHS Dr Peter Dawson ERMA New Zealand GHS Stocktaking Workshop For Southeast, East and Central Asia 15-17 September 2010 Beijing, People’s Republic of China

  2. Outline • Implementation update • Country/region updates • Building block approach • GHS membership • Technical developments • Updates from Rev.2 to Rev.3 • Current and on-going work • Implementation issues

  3. Implementation update

  4. In force Capacity-building preparation No information available Detailed information about the status of implementation worldwide: http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/ghs/implementation_e.html Implementation Status (overview) • Slide from UNECE SCEGHS Secretariat

  5. Implementation Status (update) • European Union • Implemented 20 January 2009 (Classification, Labelling and Packaging Regulation – CLP) Regulation (EC) No 1272/ 2008 • Based on 2nd revised edition of GHS, some GHS categories not adopted • Chemicals must comply with c&l by 1 Dec 2010, Mixtures (products) must comply by 1 June 2015 • 1st amendment entered into force 25 September 2009 • 2nd amendment to bring into line with 3rd revised edition of GHS expected first half of 2011 • CLP regulation (Annex VI) includes list of GHS classified chemicals – available online

  6. Implementation Status (update) • New Zealand • Implemented July 2001 (for new substances) and applicable to all (new and existing substances) since July 2006 • Implemented by regulations under Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996 • Implementation based on draft GHS (pre first edition) • Amendments to bring into line with 3rd revised edition of GHS underway, expected to be in force early 2011 • Published lists of GHS classified substances, available online

  7. Implementation Status (update) • Australia • Following sectoral Building Block Approach • SafeWork Australia (workplace sector) – Australian Criteria for the Classification of Hazardous Chemicals (draft October 2009) – closely follows EU but adopts GHS 3rd edition • Implementation expected start 2012, over 5 years • 2 years for chemicals, additional 3 years for mixtures • Office of Chemical Safety and Environmental Health (public health sector) – health hazards only – discussion paper April 2009 (GHS 2nd edition) • Adoption of all GHS classification criteria • Not proposing to adopt GHS pictograms or signal words • Risk based labelling approach

  8. Implementation Status (update) • USA • Following sectoral Building Block Approach • OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) – workplace sector • Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on application of GHS to workplace chemicals – 30 September 2009 • Adopts GHS 3rd revised edition • Comment periods and public hearings completed • Moving forward with drafting Final Rule • No confirmed publication date yet • Proposed date of entry into force – within 3 years of publication, during transitional period either existing or new (GHS) system may be used

  9. Implementation: Building Block Approach • What is the Building Block Approach? • Harmonised elements of the GHS – hazard classes, hazard categories – can be considered as components for forming a regulatory system • Provides flexibility to regulatory approaches • Accommodates sector specific needs • But, could lead to complexity and lack of harmonisation • Use of the same ‘building blocks’ at worldwide level for a given sector is encouraged • Transport sector has achieved GHS implementation internationally by adopting same ‘building blocks’ through UNRTDG (Re.16 aligned with GHS Rev.3)

  10. GHS implementation: BBA • Countries are implementing the GHS using BBA: Green = adopted Red= not adopted 1/ Consumer and domestic chemicals only - proposed change 2/ Proposed 3/ Not mandatory (for information only) 4/ Diesel only n/a = not applicable * Data for USA, NZ and AUS according to draft proposals available at the time of writing (still subject to discussion and final adoption).

  11. Implementation: Summary • Different levels of implementation • By country/region • EU, NZ implementing GHS in several sectors simultaneously • different ‘building blocks’ adopted • By sectors within countries • USA, Australia starting with workplace sector • Different transitional periods for implementation but most countries trying to match EU timeline (mid-2015)

  12. GHS Sub-Committee • Member States • 36 full members: • Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Senegal, Serbia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Ukraine, UK, USA, Zambia • Observers*: • Cambodia, Cyprus, Gambia, Indonesia, Jamaica, Laos, Mexico, Philippines, Romania,Slovenia, Switzerland, Thailand, Uruguay, VietNam * Countries which have participated as observers in at least one session (Slide courtesy UNECE SCEGHS Secretariat)

  13. = Observers = Full members GHS Sub-Committee • Membership: member states (April 2010) • (slide courtesy UNECE SCEGHS Secretariat)

  14. GHS Sub-Committee • Observers • International organizations (IO’s) and UN specialized agencies • IMO, ILO, UNITAR, UNEP, WHO, FAO • Inter-governmental organizations (GO’s) • OECD, European Union • Non-governmental organizations (NGO’s) • Many industry related NGO’s • No labour or civil society NGO’s?

  15. Technical developments

  16. Development of the GHS • GHS Sub-committee has 2-yearly work programmes (biennium) • GHS First edition: 2003 • First version of GHS endorsed Dec 2002, published July 2003 • GHS First revised edition: 2005 • Aspiration hazard, developmental toxicity – ‘effects on or via lactation’, target organ toxicity - respiratory tract irritation/narcotic effects • GHS Second revised edition: 2007 • Guidance on application of building block approach • Codification of hazard and precautionary statements • GHS Third revised edition: 2009

  17. Updates from GHS Rev.2 to Rev.3 • Classification criteria • Miscellaneous changes to clarify some classification criteria • Sub-categorization of respiratory and skin sensitizers • Subcategory 1A – strong sensitizers • Subcategory 1B – other sensitizers • Optional for competent authorities • Same label elements apply to Category 1 and to subcategories 1A and 1B • Different concentration cut-off values for mixture classification apply to subcategories 1A and 1B

  18. Updates from GHS Rev.2 to Rev.3 • Classification criteria • Hazardous to the aquatic environment • Revision of classification criteria for long-term aquatic hazard depending on whether adequate chronic toxicity data available and whether or not rapidly degradable • Different approach to classifying mixtures • New environmental hazard class • Hazardous to the ozone layer • Substances listed in Annexes to Montreal Protocol • Mixtures containing ≥ 0.1% of those substances • Introduces label elements for ODP substances

  19. Updates from GHS Rev.2 to Rev.3 • Labelling • New combined hazard statements for health hazards • Guidance on labelling of small packages

  20. Current biennium & beyond • Work of Sub-Committee in 2009-2010 biennium and on-going • Explosives and related matters – classification of desensitized explosives, fireworks hazards, etc • Classification of chemically unstable gases and gas mixtures • Classification of metals for long-term aquatic hazards • Water activated toxicity (toxic gas released when wet) • Editorial revisions of chapters on skin corrosion/irritation and eye corrosion/irritation (chapters 3.2 and 3.3) • Further alignment of corrosivity criteria in UNRTDG with GHS

  21. Current biennium & beyond • Work of Sub-Committee Working Groups in 2009-2010 biennium and on-going • Practical classification issues – development of classification examples for mixtures • Feeds into UNITAR training materials • Improvements of Annexes 1, 2 and 3 on label elements • Precautionary statements – rationalize and improve useability • Dust explosion hazards • Workplace hazard, but is it a GHS matter as not solely related to the instrinsic hazardous properties of a substance – difficult to classify

  22. Current biennium & beyond • Work of Sub-Committee Working Groups in 2009-2010 biennium and on-going • Labelling of small packages – further guidance needed • Implementation issues • Consistent application of ‘building block’ approach – across sectors at national level, for single sector at international level. More guidance needed? • Management of different implementation timelines • Need for new hazard classes/ hazard categories • eg. For nanomaterials? Introduction of physical and chemical properties into safety data sheets considered • Further harmonisation of precautionary statements • Statement P410 – gases under pressure – ‘Protect from sunlight’ • Flammable aerosols - pictogram for ‘gases under pressure’

  23. Current biennium & beyond • Work of Sub-Committee Working Groups in 2009-2010 biennium and on-going • Implementation issues • Sector specific guidance material • Eg. IPIECA Guidance on application of GHS to petroleum substances • Need for a list of GHS harmonized classifications for chemicals? • Lists currently published by EU, NZ, Japan, Republic of Korea, UNECE secretariat for some substances in UNRTDG • Differences in classification noted – UNITAR survey, OECD study of classifications of Rotterdam chemicals • China, Japan, Republic of Korea working on joint project for GHS classification of chemicals • OECD eChem Portal – some GHS classified lists available there already

  24. Current biennium & beyond • Work of Sub-Committee Working Groups in 2009-2010 biennium and on-going • Classification lists • Reasons for differences in results – different datasets used, differences in data interpretation • Need for more guidance, worked examples • For harmonized list using existing lists need to consider • Selection of data used for existing classifications • Development and maintenance of list – who/how? • Need to ensure transparency and record keeping for decisions taken on classifications • Suitable engagement process with stakeholders • Development of harmonized list a challenging issue – to be considered further by SCE GHS

  25. Thank you!

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