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SATIRE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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SATIRE. THE USE OF LANGUAGE TO CRITICIZE A SUBJECT BY MAKING IT RIDICULOUS AND EVOKING ATTITUDES OF AMUSEMENT, CONTEMPT, SCORN AND/OR INDIGNATION. IDEALLY, SATIRE AIMS TO IMPROVE OR REFORM THE CONDITION/CONCEPT THAT IS BEING SATIRIZED BY ATTRACTING ATTENTION TO THE MATTER THAT NEEDS IMPROVEMENT.

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satire
SATIRE
  • THE USE OF LANGUAGE TO CRITICIZE A SUBJECT BY MAKING IT RIDICULOUS AND EVOKING ATTITUDES OF AMUSEMENT, CONTEMPT, SCORN AND/OR INDIGNATION.
  • IDEALLY, SATIRE AIMS TO IMPROVE OR REFORM THE CONDITION/CONCEPT THAT IS BEING SATIRIZED BY ATTRACTING ATTENTION TO THE MATTER THAT NEEDS IMPROVEMENT.
the victims of satire
THE “VICTIMS” OF SATIRE
  • SATIRE IS TYPICALLY AIMED AT HUMAN WEAKNESSES, VICES, OR STUPIDITY.
    • This may be done by attacking:
      • An individual
      • A type of person
      • A social class
      • A social or political institution
      • A nation
      • The entire human race
                  • “Alternative fuel sources.”
satire vs comedy
SATIRE VS. COMEDY

COMEDY

SATIRE

  • evokes laughter as an end in itself; meant solely to amuse.
  • laughter is used as a weapon to deride the subject.
                  • The latest
                  • iPhone app:
                  • iExplode
popular satiric forms
POPULAR SATIRIC FORMS
  • LITERATURE (poetry, essay, novel, short story)
    • John Wilmot
      • “A Satyr Against Mankind” (1675)
    • Jonathan Swift
      • Gulliver’s Travels (1726), “A Modest Proposal” (1729)
    • Mark Twain
      • Huckleberry Finn (1885), “The Lowest Animal” (1899)
    • Flannery O’Connor
      • “Wise Blood” (1952)
    • Ray Bradbury
      • Fahrenheit 451 (1953)
    • The Onion (contemporary fake news network originally only in print; now also online and on television)
slide5

DRAMA (stage, movie, television)

    • Moliere’s Tartuffe (play satirizing the power of the Roman Catholic church)
    • Dr. Strangelove (film satirizing the cold war)
    • “Mockumentaries” (Christopher Guest films, e.g.)
    • The Daily Show, South Park, The Colbert Report, Family Guy
slide6

CARTOON

    • Political
    • Social
satiric techniques
SATIRIC TECHNIQUES
  • HUMOR
  • OVER-EXAGGERATION
  • IRONY
  • SARCASM
  • PARODY
assignments
ASSIGNMENTS:
  • CLASSWORK:
    • Read “The Lowest Animal” on pp. 458-462.
    • Answer questions #1-5 on p. 465 under “Making Meanings.” (You do not need to write the questions, but please answer in complete sentences.)
slide9

HOMEWORK:

    • Read front and back of handout.
    • Write one paragraph for each passage explaining what is being satirized and why or why not the satire is valid in your opinion.