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Presented at the Ontology Summit 2007 – “Framework” workshop session “Ontology, Taxonomy, Folksonomy: Understanding the Distinctions”. DAO of Ontology Summit 2007. -- Goals, Challenges & Opportunities. by Peter P. Yim < > CIM3, ceo / ONTOLOG, co-convener

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Dao of ontology summit 2007

Presented at the Ontology Summit 2007 – “Framework” workshop session “Ontology, Taxonomy, Folksonomy: Understanding the Distinctions”

DAO of Ontology Summit 2007

-- Goals, Challenges & Opportunities


Peter P. Yim <>

CIM3, ceo / ONTOLOG, co-convener

Gaithersburg, MD, USA. Apr 23, 2006

( v 1.08)

Outline workshop session

  • What is “Ontolog” (a.k.a. “Ontolog Forum”)

  • Ontology Summit 2007

    • Purpose & Goals

    • Challenges & Opportunities

  • Reflections

Ontolog aka ontolog forum est apr 2002 our dialog in ontology
ONTOLOG (aka. workshop session Ontolog Forum) est. Apr.2002our "dialog in ontology"

  • Membership- 360; from 20 different countries (as at mid Apr-2007)

  • Users- from 115 cities globally, generating ~3000 visits and ~13,000 hits on our site per day

  • Hosted on the CIM3 collaborative work environment infrastructure

  • Charter- Ontolog is an open, international, virtual community of practice, whose membership will:

    • Discuss practical issues and strategies associated with the development and application of both formal and informal ontologies.

    • Identify ontological engineering approaches that might be applied to the UBL effort, as well as to the broader domain of eBusiness standardization efforts.

    • Strive to advance the field of ontological engineering and semantic technologies, and to help move them into main stream applications.

  • Activities:

    • Weekly conference calls of active members

    • Monthly virtual Invited Speaker events

    • Scheduled Technical Discussions

    • Specific Projects: like [CCT-Rep], [Health-Ont], NHIN-RFI response, Upper Ontology Summit, Event podcast, Ontologizing the Ontolog Content, Ontology-driven Applications Inventory, Database & Ontology, Ontology Measurement & Evaluation, [ONION] ... OntologySummit2007

    • Resides on a virtual collaborative work environment which serves as a dynamic knowledge repository to the community's collective intelligence

  • We welcome your participation – see:

  • Questions? talk to any of our 3 co-conveners - PeterYim; LeoObrst & KurtConrad

Ontolog an open cop
Ontolog – an open CoP workshop session

Caption: John McCarthy having a dialog with Doug Engelbart at a tavern … with ‘the fishnet’ on the wall

An organizational form that the cwe aims at supporting leading us toward open virtual enterprises
An Organizational Form that the CWE aims at Supporting – leading us toward Open Virtual Enterprises

introducing: The Fishnet Organization

these are temporary (or semi-permanent) hierarchies, that emerge out of the CoP's, which capitalize on distributed capabilities to achieve specific purposes; when those purposes are achieved (or when the opportunities no longer exist), they disband, and the resources (people, knowledge, skill sets) are returned to the CoP's where they come from.

Source: Institute for the Future: Johansen, R., Swigart, R.Upsizing the Individual in the Downsized Organization

Ontolog usage stat
Ontolog Usage Stat leading us toward Open Virtual Enterprises

Ontolog visitors users
Ontolog (Visitors) Users leading us toward Open Virtual Enterprises

Ontolog s key differentiation
Ontolog’s key Differentiation leading us toward Open Virtual Enterprises

Activities are community driven; we are neutral, open, and we are not answerable to any authority or institutional structure, except for (explicitly) our charter & IPR policy, and (implicitly) our professional integrity.

We are adamant about collaboration, sharing and open knowledge… and are trying to spur organic or emergent behaviourin the community and our project teams

Upper ontology summit ontolog nist 15 mar 2006
Upper Ontology Summit leading us toward Open Virtual EnterprisesOntolog / NIST - 15-Mar-2006

Ontology summit 2007 key purpose goals as i see them
Ontology Summit 2007 leading us toward Open Virtual Enterprises-- Key Purpose & Goals (as I see them)

  • Help ourselves and others to ‘Undertsand’ the distinctions between Ontology, Taxonomy, Folksonomy, Terminology, ontology artifacts, …etc. etc.

    • convene a broader community of ontology researchers and practitioners

    • provide the platform for dialog among these ‘conveners’

    • utilize a community process to facilitate shared understanding and commitment (hopefully, ontological commitment)

    • Be able to deliver something (a ‘framework’, some ‘ontological commitment’, a shared understanding expressed in a ‘communiqué ’, … etc.) that will have an impact to the state of affairs of the Ontology & Ontological Engineering practice

  • Ulteria Motive

    • advancing the science and art of ontological engineering and semantic technologies;

    • Help move them into the mainstream

Nothing replaces anything richard dalton iftf
“Nothing Replaces Anything” leading us toward Open Virtual Enterprises… Richard Dalton, IFTF

Challenges opportunities
Challenges leading us toward Open Virtual Enterprises&Opportunities

  • Working with very smart people

  • Time … and Timing

  • The rest of the world don’t know what we are talking about (much less, care about what we are doing)

  • Be precise … and … be holistic!

    • ... culturally, we actually aren't very good at either!

… but, we all know, this is VERY important, and we are passionate enough about it, to want this to work out

Ontology enabled opportunities
(Ontology Enabled) leading us toward Open Virtual Enterprises Opportunities

  • for the Scientists

    • visions from the likes of Engelbart, McCarthy, Lenat, Berners-Lee, Hendler, etc. will finally come to fruition

    • decades of research can be realized in real, non-trivial implementations

  • for the Engineers

    • we'll actually be able to build next generation machines (systems, networks, ...) that will off-load from humans, tasks (albeit simple ones) that requires some 'reasoning' and 'thinking'

    • these application can actually affect (hopefully benefit) the lives of many millions

  • for the Marketeers

    • a multi- multi- billion dollar market is right around the corner ...

    • please don't kill it by “Hyping it up!”

      ... this is NOT a “zero-sum game”!

Will we be able to make the best of these opportunities
Will we be able to make the best of these opportunities? leading us toward Open Virtual Enterprises

one last conjecture:

… it might just depend on

‘our attitude toward collaborating to bring ontology into the mainstream’

The dao of it all
the DAO of it all leading us toward Open Virtual Enterprises

  • Live with the ‘Duality’ around us:

    • the Cathedral vs. the Bazaar

    • the Form vs. Free-form

    • Discipline vs. Creativity

    • Transaction Process vs. Collaborative Process

    • Classic AI vs. Augmentation approaches

    • the small ‘o’ vs. the big ‘O’ in Ontology

    • Planned vs. Emergent behavior

    • The reductionist vs. the holistic approach

  • we are not bound to chooseoneORthe other

  • Lao Zi had this figured out, circa 500 BC

Ancient wisdom
Ancient Wisdom leading us toward Open Virtual Enterprises

The Dao that can be articulated is not the eternal Dao

The Name that labels is not the eternal Name

In the beginning there were no Name

Through Names all things come into being

from the“Tao Te Ching” - Lao Tzu (circa 500 B.C.)

(translated/interpreted by Peter Yim / OntologySummit2007 / Apr.2007)

  • Remarks:

  • the Chinese source of this verse is shown in the background of this slide (first 3 lines from the right).

  • “Dao” (also translated as “Tao”) is interpreted sometimes as the “Way”, or the “supreme order”; but its more generally accepted that there is no direct English translation for it.

Reference leading us toward Open Virtual Enterprises

  • The Ontolog Website:

  • Ontology Summit 2007:

  • "Ontologizing the Ontolog Body of Knowledge" Series of Events:

  • Ontolog activities & projects

  • Noteworthy Ontolog Past Events:

  • The Ontolog Charter:

  • The Ontolog Membership Information: