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The Art of Being Human, 7/e Chapter 11 – RELIGION PowerPoint by Julie Rodakowski. A phenomenon found in all cultures and all periods as a recognition of the universal need to believe or disbelieve in a higher order. RELIGION—. POLYTHEISM = BELIEF IN MANY GODS

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The Art of Being Human, 7/e

Chapter 11 –

RELIGION

PowerPoint by Julie Rodakowski

©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.


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A phenomenon found in all cultures and all periods as a recognition of the universal need to believe or disbelieve in a higher order.

RELIGION—

©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.


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POLYTHEISM = recognition of the universal need to believe or disbelieve in a higher order.BELIEF IN MANY GODS

Egypt —Kings were worshipped as gods

India —Many gods were worshipped—mortal & immortal

  • Diyaus Pita -- the main god

  • Prithivi -- the earth mother

  • Indra -- god of storms and war

  • Varuna -- god of the sky

  • Brahma -- the Creator of all that exists

  • Shiva --the Destroyer of all that exists

  • Vishnu -- the Preserver of existence

©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.


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  • Greece & Rome recognition of the universal need to believe or disbelieve in a higher order.—

  • Many gods were worshipped — mortal & immortal

  • Larger-than-life versions of human beings:

  • Bringers of truth and wisdom:

  • Greece — Zeus & his wife, Hera

  • Rome — Jupiter & his wife, Juno

  • Greece — Athena & Apollo

  • Rome — Minerva & Apollo

©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.


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  • Hinduism recognition of the universal need to believe or disbelieve in a higher order.— the universal soul (braham)

  • Buddhism — an enlightened soul

  • Buddha (Siddhartha) was the first enlightened soul, and he described the Eightfold Path so that others might achieve this enlightenment (nirvana)

  • Zen Buddhism — an enlightened soul achieved by meditation

  • Bodhidharma was the Hindu monk who started it

  • Taoism —individual people seek to lead lives in harmony with The Way.

  • Lao-tzu was the originator

BELIEF IN AN IMPERSONAL DIETY

©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.


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MONOTHEISM recognition of the universal need to believe or disbelieve in a higher order. =

BELIEF IN ONE GOD

  • JUDAISM — God

  • CHRISTIANITY —God / Jesus

  • ISLAM — Allah

©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.


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THE WRITTEN WORD: recognition of the universal need to believe or disbelieve in a higher order.

  • HINDUISM—

  • BUDDHISM — The Eightfold Path

  • TAOISM — Tao Te Ching

  • JUDAISM — The Hebrew Bible, Talmud, &Torah

  • CHRISTIANITY — The Christian Bible

  • ISLAM —The Qur’an

  • Vedas —sacred works revealed to mortals

  • Upanishads —philosophical dialogues between holy men and their students.

  • Bhagavad-Gita —philosophical views on both human and divine existence.

©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.


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RELIGION & THE HUMANITIES recognition of the universal need to believe or disbelieve in a higher order.

  • The link between the two is visible in all aspects of the humanities, including

    • Art

    • Literature

    • Music

    • Architecture

    • Film

©2003 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Longman Publishers.


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