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Michelin Group & Intelligent Tires. Life ( including RFID) Can Have Choices. Physics Serialization Data Implementation. T. Test Your RFID Knowledge!. F. RFID: Really Fast Investment Drain. The person sitting next to you right now knows more about RFID than you do.

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Michelin Group & Intelligent Tires



Physics serialization data implementation

Physics

Serialization

Data

Implementation


T

Test Your RFID Knowledge!

F

  • RFID: Really Fast Investment Drain

  • The person sitting next to you right now knows more about RFID than you do...

  • I can set up an RFID in-transit visibility system with half my brain tied behind my back

  • RFID will always save money and increase efficiencies

  • Many RFID logistics ROI studies have already been published and substantiated


Tire

Customers expectations

Dry and wet grip

Service life

Rolling resistance

Comfort

Endurance

Handling


Michelin leadership conclusion
Michelin Leadership Conclusion

  • We favor an RfID “single standard” solution including migration to EPC codification.

    • We are working to condense these standards into a “single standard” likely ISO 18000-6c (EPC Gen 2).

  • We are developing RfID capabilities both as a supply chain tool and as added value to our products.


Tire

The structure

Crown reinforcement :

Nylon belt plies

Steel belt plies

Tread band and tread groove design

Separation rubber

Casing ply

Sidewall

Casing ply turn up

Bead wire

Airtight rubber interior

Reinforcement

Rim flange in the form of a bead heel

Home


Labels labels and more labels
Labels, Labels, and More Labels!

If you have this:

You might not need this:

Or these:

TODAY MICHELIN APPLIES UP TO 12 OPTICAL MARKS FOR OE’s


Integration rfid
Integration - RfID

  • Tire Building Process


Licensed global electronics suppliers to insure availability 4 currently
Licensed Global Electronics Suppliers to insure availability (4 currently)

  • 6 Jan 2003 Michelin announces commercial solution.

    • AWID - Part Number # APT-2024

    • Sharp Electronics (when Japan market starts)

  • Waiting for customer pull

  • In July 2005 Hana and ACG became licensee’s


Detuning by carbon in rubber

Imbedded RFID place in: (4 currently)

passenger tire

aircraft

truck

earth mover

Imbedded Read Distance (patch on inner surface)

0.6-1.2 meters (1.0 +)

0.4-0.8 meters (about 1.0)

0.2-0.4 meters (0.6-1.0)

0.1-0.2 meters (0.2-0.3)

Detuning by Carbon in Rubber


Integration rfid label
Integration - RfID Label (4 currently)

  • Where should the tag be affixed?

Unreliable Reads

Works in Stack

Uniform and Reliable


Participate in industry and standards groups
Participate in Industry and Standards Groups (4 currently)

AIAG B11 – History Automotive Industry Action

  • 20 Feb 2001 – First AIAG Tire and Wheel Identification task force meeting was convened.

  • 15 Feb 2002- B-11 standards for RfID Logistics established

  • 6 Jan 2003 Michelin announces commercial solution.

  • 31 March 2004 Michelin petitions to reopen B11 and make it ePC compliant.

  • 18 May 2004 AIAG and ePC work together to complete revised B11 that complies with EPC.

  • Expected 2005 – Migration to ISO 18000-6c

  • KEY Meeting Dec 7,2005 in Detroit (EPC, Odette, AIAG, DoD, OE and Tire manuf. to create single standard = same RFID to OE and Retail and Military)


When should you commission an RFID tag? Value requires embedding early.2005 early applications likely “slap and ship” driven by retail and supply chain

Embedded in

Packaging

 Michelin Solution

Applied During

Manufacturing

Applied During

Inbound Logistics

Opportunities to Derive Value

Applied During

Outbound Logistics

Today

“Slap and Ship”

(Walmart,DoD)

Applied at

Point of Sale

“Cost” per tag to commission


Ideal case
Ideal Case embedding early.

ONE BASE NUMBER TO ALL

  • Same RfID Data (serial number, manuf number, product number, relavent DI’s)

    • Retail :

    • OE’s :

    • Gov :

    • Aircraft:

    • Commercial :


Tire serialization bar code number serial number
Tire Serialization = Bar Code Number + Serial Number embedding early.

  • Today

  • Bar Code (UPC) Manufacturer # + Product #

  • Evolving to:

  • Electronic Product Code (EPC)

    Manufacturer # + Product # + Serial # + DI

    DI = Data Identifier


JATMA embedding early.

ATA/Spec 2000

DoD

RMA

EPC

AIAG B11

Odette

ISO 18000

DoT

VDA

ANSI

Colored circles are scaled to data requirement. White circles are TBD


2004 -2005 Data Standards Driving Progress embedding early.

and Adoption

ATA/Spec 2000

DoD

EPC

?

AIAG B11

EPC

DoT

DoT

Odette/

JATMA


Tags on Pallets embedding early.

EPC Network


RFID Operation (Passive Tags) embedding early.

APPLICATION

INTERROGATOR

RF TAG

Tag Physical Memory

Decoder

AIR

INTERFACE

Logical Memory Map

Encoder

DEVICECOMMANDS

Tag Driver

and

Mapping Rules

COMMANDS

APPLICATIONCOMMANDS

Command /

Response

Unit

Application Program Interface

APPLICATIONRESPONSES

RESPONSES

DEVICERESPONSES

Logical Memory

Note: The Logical Memory Map in the Tag Physical Memory is given by the Tag architecture and the mapping rules in the Tag Driver. All the information in the Logical Memory is represented in the Logical Memory Map

DATA PROTOCOL PROCESSOR

PHYSICAL

INTERROGATOR

ISO/IEC 15961

ISO/IEC 15962

ISO/IEC 15962

Annexes

ISO/IEC 18000


Areas of review

We want to start together to influence this area embedding early.

Areas of Review

  • Data

    • Volume of data

    • Legacy system’s potential need to change to take advantage of RFID (unless it is seen as a new bar code)

    • Business Processes that need to change to really leverage benefits

    • The need to drive long term ability for data synchronization with partners (i.e. UCCnet and potential Collaborative Planning Forecasting & Replenishment)

    • Other EPC standards that are implied to by compliant (GLN numbers)

    • Data Referentials - needs to be flexible but manageable across .....

      • Channels (retail, OEM)

      • Usage (on board data vs license plate)

      • Partners (Ford, GM, Toyota, Honda, etc)


Blocks vs fields of data
Blocks vs Fields of Data embedding early.

  • Bar codes are one at a time

  • Two-dimensional symbols are often blocks of data

  • Data rich RF tags are blocks of data

  • Serial number only tags require data base / communications access to identify the data

  • Are your systems ready for these changes?

  • Are you ready for the investment to enable these changes?


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