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Class Notes: Democracy or Communism? China’s Economy PowerPoint Presentation
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Class Notes: Democracy or Communism? China’s Economy - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Class Notes: Democracy or Communism? China’s Economy. China’s Economy Since 1978, China has shifted from a centrally planned economy (communism) to a more market-type economy (capitalism). GDP = $13.37 trillion (2013)(second largest economy in the world in purchasing power after U.S.)

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Class Notes:

Democracy

or

Communism?

China’s Economy

slide2

China’s Economy

  • Since 1978, China has shifted from a centrally planned economy (communism) to a more market-type economy (capitalism).
  • GDP = $13.37 trillion (2013)(second largest economy in the world in purchasing power after U.S.)
  • Labor Force= 797.6 MM workers (approximately 2.6 x U.S. population)

https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ch.html

slide3

China’s Economy

  • China's GDP will rise from $13.37 trillion in 2013 to $20.3 trillion in 2016, the US' economy will increase from $16.72 trillion to $19.7 trillion.
  • China's portion of the global economy will increase from 14% to 23.8%, while the US' share will decrease to 20 percent.
  • Source: "China's economy to surpass US in 2016: IMF." Business Daily Update 26 Apr. 2011. Gale Power Search. Web. 8 Feb. 2012.

https://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/ch.html

slide4

China’s Governmental Paradox

  • Freedoms…
  • Government encourages business development
  • Citizens free to buy & sell whatever they want
  • Work at any job
  • Anything that helps China economically goes…
  • Gov’t lowered cost of cell/internet to shrink digital divide
slide5

Controls…

  • People have limited political freedoms
  • Cannot speak out against the sovereign right of the communist party in China to rule and govern China in any manner they want.
  • Government authorities can block access to internet (YouTube, etc) and text messaging/phone services – this censorship is difficult
slide6

Example: Tiananmen Square 1989

  • Pro-democracy rally that thousands gathered at over a three-week period
  • International media watched as events unfolded
  • Chinese government used force to disperse crowds—drove tanks into crowd and shot at protestors…with the world watching…
slide7

Example: Tiananmen Square 1989

  • People in their 20’s don’t know this happened!! Why is that??
economic challenges
Economic Challenges
  • To sustain adequate job growth for tens of millions of workers laid off from state-owned enterprises, migrants, and new entrants to the work force.
  • To reduce corruption and other economic crimes.
  • To contain environmental damage and social strife related to the economy's rapid transformation.
presidential comparison
Presidential Comparison
  • Deng Xiaoping opened Chinese economy to free market reforms – he accepted technological advances because they were a part of modernization
  • Current President Xi Jin Ping has called for new reforms to prevent corruption and continued economic reforms in China
where s mao
Where’s Mao?
  • Who controls what goes into textbooks in China?
  • What has the government chosen to focus on?
  • What have they dropped from their textbooks?
    • The Chinese government
    • Economics, technology, and globalization
    • Communist revolutions and socialist theory
where s mao1
Where’s Mao?
  • Mao Zedong is mentioned once- in the etiquette section
  • Goal is supposedly to create a “more stable, less violent view of the Chinese history that serves today’s economic and political goals.
  • Textbook downplays The Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution, Tiananmen Square 1989
slide12

Bottom Line…

Economic Successes and Freedoms

=

Political Freedoms