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11 th Petro India Conference New Delhi, India : December 11, 2012. SAARC Initiative on Regional Cooperation in Energy Sector Hilal A. Raza Director SAARC Energy Centre. Energy Situation of South Asia. 1.6 billion people 500 million live below $1 per day poverty line

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

11th Petro India Conference

  • New Delhi, India : December 11, 2012

SAARC Initiative on

Regional Cooperation in

Energy Sector

Hilal A. Raza

Director

SAARC Energy Centre

slide2

Energy Situation of South Asia

  • 1.6 billion people
  • 500 million live below $1 per day poverty line
  • All Countries of South Asia
    • Oil importing
    • Energy deficit (except Bhutan)
slide3

Energy Use In South Asia

TOTAL ENERGY: 810 MTOE

Coal

48%

Traditional

204 MTOE

(25%)

Commercial

606 MTOE

(75%)

1%

7%

29%

15%

Hydel

Oil

Natural gas

COMMERCIAL ENERGY: 606 MTOE

Nuclear

(MTOE - Million tonnes of oil equivalent)

saarc institutional mechanism for energy cooperation

Ministerial Level Energy Forum

  • Working Group on Energy
  • Expert Groups for different energy commodities
  • SAARC Energy Centre

SAARC Institutional Mechanism For Energy Cooperation

recommendations of saarc expert group o n oil and gas 1 2
Recommendations of SAARC ExpertGrouponOil and Gas (1/2)
      • Studying opportunities and impact of supply of natural gas from outside of SAARC through development of a Gas Grid connecting the Member States
      • Studying Possibility of laying pipelines as the preferred mode of movement of crude/oil products, especially for the land locked Member States
      • Studying possibility of setting up joint oil refineries
      • Studying prospect of setting up SAARC Regional/Sub-regional LNG terminals
  • Conducting workshops and training programmes on regional experiences in oil and gas sector
slide7

Recommendations of SAARC ExpertGrouponOil and Gas (2/2)

  • Studying the possibilities of maintaining Emergency Regional Reserves of petroleum products at one or more places to support Member States for meeting emergency needs
  • Examining the possibility and extent of exchanging geological information for promotion of oil and gas exploration and development
  • Sharing experiences in the areas of pricing mechanism for oil and gas, operational and technical aspects of LNG terminals, and LPG for household and industrial use
  • Establishment of SAARC Data Bank on demand, consumption, supply chain, prices, etc., of oil and gas
saarc energy centre
SAARC Energy Centre
  • Established in 2006 at Islamabad to initiate, promote and facilitate cooperation in energy sector of SAARC Member States for the benefit of all
  • Funded by SAARC Member States and supervised by a Governing Board comprising all Member States
  • Professional staff selected on merit from Member States
  • Expert services obtained through outsourcing
  • International cooperation established with ADB, ASEAN, UN, ESCAP, Japan, US, Germany.
current projects of sec 1 5
CurrentProjects of SEC (1/5)
  • ENERGY EFFICIENCY
    • SAARC Action Plan on Energy Conservation & Efficiency
    • Gender-Energy nexus
    • Improved Cooking Stoves: “SAARC Chullah”
    • Energy efficiency in brick kilns
    • Capacity building of Energy Auditors
slide10

CurrentProjects of SEC (2/5)

  • ENERGY TRADE
    • Study on energy trade and power exchange
    • Study on harmonization of electricity laws
    • Study on energy pricing mechanism
slide11

CurrentProjects of SEC (3/5)

  • BEST PRACTICES
    • Lessons learnt in renewable energy technologies
    • International Year for Sustainable Energy for All
    • Experience sharing of construction, operation and maintenance of LNG facilities
slide12

CurrentProjects of SEC (4/5)

  • POWER
    • Promoting hydropower development
    • Feasibility Study and workshop for regional coal based power plant
    • Study on cogeneration in sugar and paper industries
    • Study on rural electrification policies
slide13

CurrentProjects of SEC (5/5)

  • ENERGY RESOURCES
    • SAARC Energy Data Bank
    • Geothermal energy potential of South Asia
    • Promoting extraction of non-conventional gas
saarc energy ring
Saarc Energy Ring
  • SAARC ENERGY RING: a Vision given by SAARC Leaders at the 2004 Islamabad Summit
  • Vision translated into reality by SAARC Energy Centre
  • Four Expert Groups preparing way forward in:
        • Oil and Gas
        • Electricity
        • Renewable Energy
        • Technology Transfer (including Coal and Energy Efficiency)
saarc energy ring 1 power grid
SAARC Energy Ring – 1. PowerGrid
  • Nepal-India-Bhutan-Bangladesh
  • Pakistan-India-Nepal
  • Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan
  • Tajikistan-Afghanistan
  • Uzbekistan-Afghanistan
  • Turkmenistan-Afghanistan
  • Iran-Afghanistan
  • Iran-Pakistan
  • India-Sri Lanka
  • India-Bangladesh
  • India-Myanmar
  • India-Nepal
saarc energy ring 2 gas grid
SAARC Energy Ring – 2. Gas Grid

Qatar

Arabian Sea

  • Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India
  • Iran-Pakistan-India
  • Qatar-Pakistan-India
  • Myanmar-Bangladesh-India

Pipelines from the west can further be extended to Nepal and Bangladesh

list of current projects of sec
List of CurrentProjects of SEC
  • ENERGY EFFICIENCY
    • SAARC Action Plan on Energy Conservation & Efficiency
    • Gender-Energy nexus
    • Improved Cooking Stoves: “SAARC Chullah”
    • Energy efficiency in brick kilns
    • Capacity building of Energy Auditors
  • ENERGY TRADE
    • Study on energy trade and power exchange
    • Study on harmonization of electricity laws
    • Study on energy pricing mechanism
  • BEST PRACTICES
    • Lessons learnt in renewable energy technologies
    • International Year for Sustainable Energy for All
    • Experience sharing of construction, operation and maintenance of LNG facilities
  • POWER
    • Promoting hydropower development
    • Feasibility Study and workshop for regional coal based power plant
    • Study on cogeneration in sugar and paper industries
    • Study on rural electrification policies
  • ENERGY RESOURCES
    • SAARC Energy Data Bank
    • Geothermal energy potential of South Asia
    • Promoting extraction of non-conventional gas