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FDR’s New Deal. Relief, Recovery, and Resistance. Election of 1932.

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fdr s new deal

FDR’s New Deal

Relief, Recovery, and Resistance

election of 1932
Election of 1932
  • “The country needs and, unless I mistake its temper, the country demands bold, persistent experimentation. It is common sense to take a method and to try it. If it fails, admit it frankly and try another. But above all, try something.” – Franklin Delano Roosevelt
  • “This campaign is more than a contest between two men. . . It is a contest between two philosophies of government.” – Herbert Hoover
a diverse team
A Diverse Team
  • Republicans: Henry Wallace as Secretary of Agriculture, Harold Ickes as Secretary of the Interior
  • A Woman: social worker Frances Perkins as secretary of Labor
  • A Wife: Eleanor Roosevelt as a sympathetic public face for the administration
  • “Black Cabinet”
    • Informal circle of advisors
    • Mary McCleod Bethune
    • FDR reluctant to support measures aimed directly at assisting black Americans
      • NAACP & the push for an anti-lynching law
    • “” -
the first hundred days
The First Hundred Days
  • 15 bills in the first Hundred Days
  • Rebuilding confidence
    • Fireside chats
  • Financial Reform
    • FDIC
  • Helping Farmers
    • AAA
  • Helping Rural Southerners
    • TVA
  • Industrial Relief and Recovery
    • CCC
    • NRA
    • PWA
second new deal
Second New Deal
  • Works Progress Administration
  • Social Security Act
    • Pension System for Retirees
    • Unemployment Insurance
    • Disability Insurance
    • Flaws
      • Widows vs. Widowers, “Holes just large enough for
  • Rural Electrification Administration
    • In 1935
legacy of fdr and the new deal
Legacy of FDR and the New Deal
  • Programs such as Social Security, the FDIC, and the SEC still exist to this day
  • Creation of US welfare State
  • Expanded role of Federal Government in economic matters
    • “Promote the general welfare”
  • Evolving role of the president
    • Expanded size of executive branch
    • Closer relationship between president and citizens through mass media
    • Increased role in social and economic policy
    • 22nd amendment (2-term limit)
opposition to the new deal
Opposition to the New Deal

From the Right, from the Left, and from Below

opposition from the right
Opposition from the Right
  • Hoover and other Conservatives claimed that the New Deal destroyed free enterprise and brought the country closer to fascism
    • “the most stupendous invasion of the whole spirit of liberty.”
  • Leading politicians and captains of industry formed the American Liberty League in 1934 to oppose FDR
opposition from the left
Opposition from the Left
  • Socialists claimed that the administration was too concern with saving the banking system
  • American Communist Party: New Deal is a “capitalist ruse.”
oppositions from populists
Oppositions from Populists
  • Public figures with Populist roots clamored for more aggresive help for the poor
    • Francis Townsend
      • Government wealth redistribution
    • Father Charles Coughlin
      • Wealth redistribution plus anti-Communism and anti-Semitism
    • Huey Long
      • “Share Our Wealth” program
      • Assassinated in 1935