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Amending the Constitution. The Amendment Process. Outlined in Article V of the Constitution Amendment Proposal: 2/3 vote in both houses of Congress Legislatures in 2/3 of the states (34 of 50) can ask Congress to call for a national convention Ratification of Amendments

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the amendment process
The Amendment Process
  • Outlined in Article V of the Constitution
  • Amendment Proposal:
    • 2/3 vote in both houses of Congress
    • Legislatures in 2/3 of the states (34 of 50) can ask Congress to call for a national convention
  • Ratification of Amendments
    • ¾ of the states must approve (38 of 50)
    • Approved by state legislatures or state conventions
amendments
Amendments
  • Constitution amended a total of 27 times
  • If people do not like results of an amendment, they may repeal it
    • Example: 1933, 21st amendment repealed the 18th amendment (Prohibition)
constitutional changes without amendments
Constitutional changes without Amendments
  • Constitution is a broad outline for the governing
  • Changes can be made through tradition
    • Example: Presidential cabinet in executive branch
  • “Unwritten Constitution”
interpreting the constitution
Interpreting the Constitution
  • Congressional laws
    • Example: Minimum Wage
      • Congress can control trade between states
      • Goods made by workers travel amongst states
      • Thus, Congress has power to pass laws about working conditions nationally
    • Always able to be overturned by Judicial Review
      • Congress can rewrite the law using the court’s objections as guidance