devices for creating humour 3 irony ridicule satire and lampoon n.
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Devices for creating humour 3: irony, ridicule, satire and lampoon. Objectives. To consider: how writers create humour through the use of irony, ridicule satire and lampoon how the humour created through these devices frequently has a very serious purpose. Relevant AQA Assessment Objective.

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Presentation Transcript
objectives
Objectives
  • To consider:
    • how writers create humour through the use of irony, ridicule satire and lampoon
    • how the humour created through these devices frequently has a very serious purpose

Hodder Education Revision Lessons

relevant aqa assessment objective
Relevant AQA Assessment Objective
  • ‘Explain and evaluate how writers use linguistic, grammatical, structural and presentational features to achieve effects and engage and influence the reader.’

Hodder Education Revision Lessons

irony
Irony
  • This is an extremely complex word. It means:
    • using words which suggest one meaning but which really mean the opposite (a bit like sarcasm — but with far more depth and variety of use)
    • a disparity (a difference) between what happens and what the reader might have expected to happen, especially when this disparity seems ludicrous (laughable)

Hodder Education Revision Lessons

example
Example
  • ‘British teenagers are the binge-drinking champions of Europe’ (Jenny Hope, Item 2)
  • This clever headline uses the first meaning of irony effectively. It uses words to suggest one meaning but really intends the opposite of that meaning.

Hodder Education Revision Lessons

pause for thought
Pausefor thought
  • How is Jenny Hope being ironic?
  • Consider what her deliberate use of the word ‘champions’
    • literally suggests about British teenagers
    • really suggests about British teenagers

Hodder Education Revision Lessons

answer
Answer
  • ‘British teenagers are the binge-drinking champions of Europe’
    • The literal suggestion is that they have achieved a very worthwhile and praiseworthy status in Europe because they have proven themselves to be superior in a positive way.
    • The real meaning is that they are an embarrassment because the thing that they excel at is binge-drinking which is clearly a very negative activity.
    • The irony arises out of the disparity (difference) between the literal meaning and the real meaning.

Hodder Education Revision Lessons

pee reminder
PEE reminder
  • If you look back over the last three slides analysing Jenny Hope’s use of irony in her headline, you should notice that the analysis has been made using the essential analytical tool of PEE (point, evidence, explanation).

Hodder Education Revision Lessons

stop and think
Stop and think
  • What is your view of Jenny Hope’s presentation of British teenagers?
  • Do the facts support what she says or is she being biased?

Hodder Education Revision Lessons

are you feeling brave
Are you feeling brave?
  • Review the definitions of irony on slide 4 and then come to the front of the class and make an ironic statement.
  • Try to avoid simple sarcasm.
  • Try to make your statement witty and clever.
  • Please do not make it unkind.

Hodder Education Revision Lessons

stop and think1
Stop and think
  • Did you find that harder than you thought it might be?
  • If so, why?

Hodder Education Revision Lessons