MOODIndicative, Imperative, Subjunctive English 3 Mr. McGowan
What is mood? • LIFE DEFINITION • How you are feeling at a given time • LITERATURE DEFINITION • The reader’s emotional response • The atmosphere of a story
“Mood” in Grammar • DEFINITION: The form a verb takes to indicate the ATTITUDE of the person using the verb.
Tense, Voice, Mood TENSE – shows time (past, present, future) VOICE – shows who’s doing an action or having action done to them MOOD – shows attitude (telling a fact, giving a command, expressing a wish)
Indicative Mood • Express a fact, opinion, or question It is 84 degrees in here. I think I am going to pass out. Can we please turn the heat down? Write one sentence in indicative mood.
Imperative Mood • Direct command or request Show me the money. Now give me the money. Don’t call the police. Write one sentence in IMPERATIVE mood.
Subjunctive Mood • PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE: • To express a suggestion, a necessity, or an indirectcommand/order • PAST SUBJUNCTIVE: • To express an untrue condition, or a wish or desire.
What does the subjunctive mood look like? Common verbs: ask, demand, determine, insist, move, order, pray, prefer, recommend, regret,request, require, suggest, and wish.
What does the subjunctive mood look like? Present Subjunctive: The teacher recommended that I be in her class. I recommend that you be on time the rest of the year. The judge suggested that we be given first prize.
Present subjunctive cntd. I demand that he do the assignment. Her mom insisted that she not play tomorrow night. I insist that Michael come early. I strongly suggest that he cooperate with the police.
PAST SUBJUNCTIVE I wish you were in my English class. I wish Mr. McGowan weren’t so awesome. If I were you, I wouldn’t do that. Write one sentence in PRESENT SUBJUNCTIVE, and one sentence in PAST SUBJUNCTIVE.
What mood? Indicative, Imperative, Subjunctive? • Maria translates articles into Spanish. • I wish you were here. • Bring me the towels. • I suggest that you be quiet now. • Please be quiet. • The coach asked that each player practice twice each day. • The coach wishes the rugby team ___ more motivated.
Assignments • Classwork: Worksheet on Mood. • Homework: Creative writing assignment using active voice and subjunctive mood.