slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
“ (1) CLEAN ENERGY.—The term ‘ clean energy ’ means electric energy that is generated—

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 8

“ (1) CLEAN ENERGY.—The term ‘ clean energy ’ means electric energy that is generated— - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 136 Views
  • Uploaded on

Sen. Bingaman Introduces Clean Energy Standard Act of 2012. “ (1) CLEAN ENERGY.—The term ‘ clean energy ’ means electric energy that is generated— (A) at a facility placed in service after December 31, 1991, using— (i) renewable energy; (ii) qualified renewable biomass; (iii) natural gas;

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '“ (1) CLEAN ENERGY.—The term ‘ clean energy ’ means electric energy that is generated—' - darryl-hopkins


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Sen. Bingaman Introduces

Clean Energy Standard Act of 2012

  • “(1) CLEAN ENERGY.—The term ‘clean energy’ means electric energy that is generated—
  • (A) at a facility placed in service after December 31, 1991, using—
    • (i) renewable energy;
    • (ii) qualified renewable biomass;
    • (iii) natural gas;
    • (iv) hydropower;
    • (v) nuclear power; or
    • (vi) qualified waste-to-energy;”
but production of natural gas from shale formations produces unacceptable risks to
But Production of Natural Gas from Shale Formations Produces Unacceptable Risks to…
  • Both Underground and Surface Sources of

Drinking Water, and

  • Acceleration of Climate Change
shale gas production requires 100 s of thousands of new wells
Shale Gas Production Requires 100’s of Thousands of New Wells

Here is one of hundreds of failed wells in PA.

There is an unacceptable rate-of-failure

to contain hydrocarbon migration

slide4
“Since the earliest gas wells, uncontrolled migration of hydrocarbons to the surface has challenged the oil and gas industry.”

SCP=Sustained Casing Pressure.

Also called sustained annular

pressure in one or more of the

casing annuli.

  • About 5% of wells fail soon
  • More fail with age
  • Most fail by maturity

Brufatto et al., Oilfield Review, Schlumberger, Autumn, 2003

pa dep compliance database 121 violations for methane migration in 2011
PA DEP Compliance Database:121 Violations for Methane Migration in 2011

1,454 wells drilled in 2010.

90 well failures.

6.2% rate of failure.

1,937 wells drilled in 2011.

121 well failures.

6.2% rate of failure.

Consistent with previous industry data,

and not improving.

http://www.depreportingservices.state.pa.us/ReportServer/Pages/ReportViewer.aspx?/Oil_Gas/OG_Compliance

slide6

Natural Gas Systems Now Produce 39%

of Total U.S. Methane Emissions

Methane contribution to

entire greenhouse gas

inventory

(Howarth et al. 2012, based on 2011 EPA data for 2009)

why is controlling methane ch 4 emission so important
Why Is Controlling Methane (CH4) Emission So Important?

Shindell, et al. Science 335, 183 (2012)

ad