Ivan Pavlov. By Chris Downey. Background. Pavlov was born in Ryazan, Russia in 1848. His father was a priest, and Ivan originally entered the Seminary, but he decided he wanted to learn natural science instead. Pavlov was actually trained and had his degree in physiology.
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Ivan Pavlov By Chris Downey
Background • Pavlov was born in Ryazan, Russia in 1848. • His father was a priest, and Ivan originally entered the Seminary, but he decided he wanted to learn natural science instead. • Pavlov was actually trained and had his degree in physiology.
Theory: Pavlov’s Dogs • Ivan discovered that he could cause an unconditioned response (UR) with a conditioned stimulus (CS). • Dogs will naturally salivate when they have food in their mouth, the food being the unconditioned stimulus (US) and the salivating being the UR.
Theory cont. • Pavlov trained the dogs to expect food right after they heard a metronome, thus the dogs would start to salivate in response to the metronome. • The CS (the metronome) thus caused the UR of the dogs salivating.
Sources Cited • Nobel Lectures (1967). The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1904: Ivan Pavlov-Biography. Retrieved From: http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1904/pavlov-bio.html • Babkin, B.P., Hotherstall, David, Lautenheiser, Mindy, Maisto, A.A., Morris, C.G. (May, 1999). Psychology History: Ivan Pavlov. Retrieved from: http://muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/pavlov.htm