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Hazard Mitigation Overview

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  1. Hazard Mitigation Overview Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  2. Objectives • Common Hazards • Define Hazard Mitigation • History of Emergency Management • Organization and Structure of: • Federal Emergency Management Agency • National Emergency Management Association • Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  3. Common (& not so common) Hazards • Flood • Earthquake • Wind • Fire • Ice Storm • Hurricane • Dam Failure • Volcano Eruption Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  4. Hazard Mitigation Defined • Doing something TODAY to help reduce the loss of life and property during future events. • It’s the ongoing effort to lessen the impact disasters have on people and property. Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  5. Example: Elevating a Flood-Prone Home Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  6. History of Emergency Management & Hazard Mitigation • 1803 - Congressional Act gave assistance to New Hampshire town following a fire • 1803 - 1930’s - 100’s of piecemeal emergency assistance legislation • 1950 – Civil Defense Act • 1960’s - onslaught of major disasters • 1974 – Disaster Assistance Act • 1979 - President Carter created Federal Emergency Management Agency (through Executive Order) Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  7. History of Emergency Management & Hazard Mitigation • 1988 - Hazard Mitigation Grant Program created • 1993 - Volkmer Bill substantially increased mitigation funding • 1995 - Hazard mitigation dubbed the cornerstone of emergency management Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  8. History of Emergency Management & Hazard Mitigation • October 2000– DMA created Post Disaster Mitigation • September 11, 2001 - Terrorist Attack on U.S. soil • March 2003 - President Bush created Department of Homeland Security • Federal Emergency Management Agency joins 22 other federal agencies, programs, and offices in becoming Department of Homeland Security Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  9. Organizational Structure of DHS Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  10. Organization & StructureFederal Emergency Mgmt. Agency • Mission: “Lead America to prepare for, prevent, respond to and recover from disasters.” From FEMA’s Strategic Plan, Fiscal Years 2003-2008 Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  11. Organizational Structure of FEMA Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  12. FEMA Regional Offices Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  13. Federal Insurance andMitigation Administration Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  14. National Emergency Management Association • Professional association of and for state emergency management directors • Works closely with FEMA and other federal agencies to ensure efficient delivery of emergency management programs • Leadership positions annually elected by core membership at NEMA Annual Conference Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  15. NEMA Structure Board of Directors Committees Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  16. National Emergency Management Association • NEMA meets twice yearly: • Annual Conference (president’s state) • Mid-Year Conference in Washington, D.C. (usually February) • NEMA is a strong advocate for the Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers. Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  17. Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers • Mission: “To provide communication and information exchange for State Hazard Mitigation Officers. To share ideas, methods, techniques, success stories, and to train each other in the requirements.” Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  18. Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers • Key policy and legislative debates among the Network are brought before the NEMA Mitigation Committee with proposed actions via Position Papers. • NEMA Mitigation Committee then works with FEMA to effect change as appropriate. Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  19. Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers • State Hazard Mitigation Officer from the NEMA Mitigation Chair’s State serves as the Network’s official liaison with NEMA. • Network officially meets three times annually: • NEMA Annual Conference • NEMA Mid-Year Conference • Network Workshop (typically in October) Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  20. SHMO Network’s Relationship with NEMA Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  21. New State Hazard Mitigation Officers Course (SHMO-101) • 1996-1999 Two Hour Block at EMI • 1999 Writing Team Formed • 2000 Mount Weather Pilot • 2001 PERI Sponsored at Scottsdale • 2002 NEMA Sponsored at Kansas City • Annual Event at SHMO Workshop Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers

  22. Summary • Identified Common Hazards • Defined Hazard Mitigation • Reviewed History of Emergency Management • Presented Organization and Structure of: • Federal Emergency Management Agency • National Emergency Management Association • Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers Network of State Hazard Mitigation Officers