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What were the Spanish trying to find when they sponsored Columbus’ voyage west?. A new route to Asia. Name two things that the Europeans brought with them to the new world?. Iron technology, Christianity, diseases, firearms. What was Spain’s primary interest in Mexico and Peru?.

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what were the spanish trying to find when they sponsored columbus voyage west
What were the Spanish trying to find when they sponsored Columbus’ voyage west?

A new route to Asia

name two things that the europeans brought with them to the new world
Name two things that the Europeans brought with them to the new world?

Iron technology, Christianity, diseases, firearms

who was at the top of the socio economic order in the new world
Who was at the top of the socio-economic order in the new world?

Peninsulares (pure European blood)

slide7
Who provided much of the labor in the early years in the Chesapeake? How did they pay for their passage?

Indentured servants, 3-7 years of service to their master

where did these west indies sugar growers eventually take the practice of african slavery
Where did these West Indies sugar growers eventually take the practice of African slavery?

The Carolinas, and it eventually spread to Virginia

what are two key reasons slaves became a more desirable form of labor than indentured servants
What are two key reasons slaves became a more desirable form of labor than indentured servants?

Lifetime term of service, property according to law (any treatment acceptable), slaves could bear more slaves

what was the middle passage
What was the “middle passage”?

The journey on slave ships from Africa to the colonies

what was the basis for puritan religion why was this significant
What was the basis for Puritan religion? Why was this significant?

Calvinism, they believed they were chosen and had a covenant with God and each other

what colonial region boasted the most religious diversity what were some of these groups
What colonial region boasted the most religious diversity? What were some of these groups?

Middle Colonies, Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, etc.

slide14
What religious movement of the early 1700’s was focused on getting an emotional response from its audience?

Great Awakening

how did colonial governors view their role
How did colonial governors view their role?

Saw themselves as “mini kings” of their colonies

where did the colonists feel they had legitimate representation
Where did the colonists feel they had legitimate representation?

Their colonial assemblies

what was the primary cause of the seven years french indian war
What was the primary cause of the Seven Years (French & Indian) War?

Claims over colonial territories in North America

slide19
In the eyes of the British throne, what was the primary role of the colonies? How did they ensure this?

As a source of revenue, a series of trade regulations

why did the british begin taxing the colonists in 1763
Why did the British begin taxing the colonists in 1763?

pay for debts incurred in the French & Indian (7 yrs.) War

what were the first taxes the british passed how did the colonists respond
What were the first taxes the British passed? How did the colonists respond?

Stamp and Sugar Acts, strongly resisted (boycotted, protested, etc.)

what was the significance of the boston massacre
What was the significance of the Boston Massacre?

First armed conflict of the revolution

identify two ways the colonists mobilized politically after the intolerable acts
Identify two ways the colonists mobilized politically after the Intolerable Acts.

Committees of correspondence & First Continental Congress

what was significant about the first continental congress
What was significant about the First Continental Congress?

All colonies acting together in common interest, claimed their own political authority

what was the dual task of the second continental congress
What was the dual task of the Second Continental Congress?

Trying to negotiate peace with Great Britain while simultaneously preparing for war

slide27
What famous pamphlet in 1776 called for Americans to reject monarchy & support independence? Who was its author?

Common Sense, Thomas Paine

who was the primary author of the declaration of independence what does the document do
Who was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence? What does the document do?

Thomas Jefferson, lays out ideology of the revolution and grievances against King George

who was chosen to lead the colonial army what were some of the challenges he faced
Who was chosen to lead the Colonial Army? What were some of the challenges he faced?

George Washington, forming militias into an army, lack of funding & resources

what was the key to early british strategy in the early years of the war
What was the key to early British strategy in the early years of the war?

Control the Hudson and cut off the revolutionary radicals in Massachusetts

what colonial victory helped bring increased aid from the french
What colonial victory helped bring increased aid from the French?

Defeating Burgoyne at Saratoga

after losing patience on their northern strategy where did the british turn
After losing patience on their northern strategy, where did the British turn?

To the South in an effort to shut down Virginia

where does the colonial army finally force the british to surrender
Where does the Colonial Army finally force the British to surrender?

Yorktown, with help from the French navy

identify two key contributions women made to the revolutionary cause
Identify two key contributions women made to the revolutionary cause.

Economic (boycotts), took over household economies, supported revolutionary army

slide36

Which enlightenment thinker was an advocate for the protection of “natural rights” (life, liberty, property)? Where did they believe these rights came from?

Locke, GOD

what document set up our nation s first government but ended up giving too much power to the states
What document set up our nation’s first government but ended up giving too much power to the states?

Articles of Confederation

name two weaknesses of the articles of confederation
Name two weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.

no power to tax, no power to coin money, no executive branch, weak central government

why was the question of the western lands so important how was it finally resolved
Why was the question of the western lands so important? How was it finally resolved?

States made claims on land all the way to Mississippi River, Jefferson and the NW Ordinance

what was required for full citizenship and voting rights during the critical period 1781 1787
What was required for full citizenship (and voting rights) during the critical period (1781-1787)?

Property ownership

slide41
What uprising of impoverished Revolutionary war vets clearly demonstrated the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?

Shay’s Rebellion

where did slavery continue to flourish why
Where did slavery continue to flourish? Why?

Southern states, seen as integral to their cash crop economy

how many houses are their in our congress what are their names
How many houses are their in our Congress? What are their names?

2, the Senate and the House of Representatives

is our government under the constitution more republican or democratic
Is our government under the Constitution more republican or democratic?

Republican (indirect representation)

what were the two major compromises made during the drafting of the united states constitution
What were the two major compromises made during the drafting of the United States Constitution?
  • Great Compromise (large states: House, small states: Senate), 3/5 Compromise (5 slaves count for 3 men)
what part of the government did the federalists want strengthened in the new constitution
What part of the government did the Federalists want strengthened in the new constitution?
  • the national (Federal) government, get it…Federalists
what was hamilton s the federalist vision for america
What was Hamilton’s (the Federalist) vision for America?

A country based on manufacturing and a strong central government

what was jefferson s vision of america what large acquisition was designed to make this a reality
What was Jefferson’s vision of America? What large acquisition was designed to make this a reality?

Agricultural society, everybody owns land or a small business, strong state’s rights Louisiana Purchase

what was the monroe doctrine
What was the Monroe Doctrine?

don’t mess around in our hemisphere & we’ll stay out of yours (to Europe)

where did jackson s political support come from which of his policies built this up
Where did Jackson’s political support come from? Which of his policies built this up?

Common Man (new Democratic Party)expand opportunity for all white men National bank, Indian policies (Trail of Tears)

what is manifest destiny
What is “Manifest Destiny”?

The belief that the U.S. would someday control the land from coast to coast.

who opposed the mexican american war why did they oppose it
Who opposed the Mexican-American War? Why did they oppose it?

Whigs and Abolitionists, opposed extension of slavery in the Southwest

what were two of the main provisions of the missouri compromise
What were two of the main provisions of the Missouri Compromise?

MO is a slave state, ME is a free state, no slavery above 36-30 line

what were two of the main provisions of the compromise of 1850
What were two of the main provisions of the Compromise of 1850?

CA free state, tougher fugitive slave law, UT & NM slave territories

slide61
What was the name of the nativist party that split from the Whigs in the 1850’s? Who was the target of their nativism?
  • Know-Nothings, Irish and German immigrants
what groups joined to form the republican party in the 1850 s
What groups joined to form the Republican Party in the 1850’s?
  • Free labor & free soil advocates, abolitionists (everyone who opposed expansion of slavery in new territories)
what were the key outcomes of the kansas nebraska act
What were the key outcomes of the Kansas Nebraska Act?

Northern route for transcontinental RR, popular sovereignty on slavery in K-N

how did the dred scott decision further inflame the slavery debate
How did the Dred Scott Decision further inflame the slavery debate?
  • Ruling slaves never citizens, rights therefore cannot be violated (regardless of travel, etc.)
why did john brown take over the arsenal at harper s ferry
Why did John Brown take over the arsenal at Harper’s Ferry?

attempt to arm slaves and lead a revolt

name two advantages the south had at the start of the civil war
Name two advantages the South had at the start of the Civil War.

Better generals, defensive war, passion for their cause

name 3 advantages the north had at the start of the war
Name 3 advantages the North had at the start of the war.

larger population, more industry, better transportation, more food production

what was the purpose of the emancipation proclamation
What was the purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation?

Free the slaves in rebel states, provide moral cause for the war

what two battle in july of 1863 proved to be a turning point in the civil war
What two battle in July of 1863 proved to be a turning point in the Civil War?
  • Gettysburg & Vicksburg
why did the radical republicans push for the 14th amendment
Why did the Radical Republicans push for the 14th Amendment?

Southern States were passing Black Codes

what president did the radical republicans have a major problem during reconstruction why
What President did the Radical Republicans have a major problem during Reconstruction? Why?

Andrew Johnson, much to friendly to the South (unwilling to make big reforms)

name 2 things that kept freedmen from gaining true equality
Name 2 things that kept freedmen from gaining true equality.

sharecropping, KKK, black codes, racist attitudes

name 2 ways southern states kept freedmen from voting
Name 2 ways Southern states kept freedmen from voting.

poll taxes, literacy tests, threats & violence