The United States Constitution
Learning Goal • 4-I know why the Constitution and Bill of Rights are important. I bet I could even name 7 of the amendments. • 3-I understand why the Constitution is important. I know what it does and how it was created. I also know about the Bill of Rights. • 2-I think I know why the Constitution and Bill of Rights were important but can we review it a little more? • 1-I’ve heard of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights but why are they important? • 0-I’ve never heard of the Constitution or the Bill of Rights…but I’ve heard of the Bill Nye the Science Guy
What Is a Constitution? • the beliefs and laws of a country that establish the powers and roles of the government and guarantees that the nation’s people maintain their rights
What Is a Constitution? The United States Constitution is the highest law of the United States. It explains the structure of the United States government. The Constitution names and explains the three branches of the United States government. It also explains their powers.
The Three Branches of the United States Government
The Three Branches of the United States Government Legislative Branch= Congress House of Representatives Senate Congress is the first branch, the legislative branch. Congress is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
The Three Branches of the United States Government Executive Branch President The President of the United States leads the executive branch.
The Three Branches of the United States Government Judicial Branch Supreme Court The Supreme Court heads the judicial branch.
The “Fight” • The Constitution needed 9 of the 13 states to approve it in order for it to become law • Both sides (the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists) tried to convince people their side was correct • After great debate, the states finally ratified the Constitution…only if there was a Bill of Rights
Scoreboard at Halftime • 4-I know why the Constitution and Bill of Rights are important. I bet I could even name 7 of the amendments. • 3-I understand why the Constitution is important. I know what it does and how it was created. I also know about the Bill of Rights. • 2-I think I know why the Constitution and Bill of Rights were important but can we review it a little more? • 1-I’ve heard of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights but why are they important? • 0-I’ve never heard of the Constitution or the Bill of Rights…but I’ve heard of the Bill Nye the Science Guy
Bill of Rights • While Federalists didn‘tthink it was really necessary, they agreed to add a Bill of Rights so that both sides would be happy • The rights would be added as amendments…meaning they were seen as “official changes, corrections, or additions” • The Bill of Rights were based upon the constitutions developed by the states • There were a total of ten amendments added…and they became known as “The Bill of Rights”
Passport Vocabulary • Ratification – Formal approval of the Constitution by the ratifying convention held in each state • Fundamental- Very important. The foundation. • Framed-Created
What Is the United States Constitution? • It is the fundamental law of the United States. • It was framed and composed at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1787. • The original thirteen states later ratified it. • It went into effect on March 4, 1789.
The Preamble Article One: the Legislative Branch Article Two: the Presidency Article Three: the Judiciary Article Four: the States Article Five: the Amendment Process Article Six: the Legal Status of the Constitution Article Seven: Ratification Signatures Twenty-Seven Amendments Contents of theConstitution
Vocabulary Booster The United States Constitution … An article is a separate part of a document that deals with a single subject. Articles are divided into sections. A section is one of several parts. An amendment is the act or process of changing something for the better.
Did You Know That … The United States Constitution has been amended twenty-seven times. The first ten amendments are the Bill of Rights. You can see the original United States Constitution in Washington, D.C., on display at the National Archives and Records Administration.
What About the Preamble?
What Is a Preamble? • an introduction that often gives the reasons for what follows • It informs people that the federal government has authority over what is amended in the Constitution.
The Preamble States “ We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. ”