narrative strategies in sla n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Narrative Strategies in SLA PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Narrative Strategies in SLA

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

Narrative Strategies in SLA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 89 Views
  • Uploaded on

Narrative Strategies in SLA. Robb Kvasnak Florida Atlantic University Linguistics, Dr. Stayc DuBravac Fall 2004. What is it? What is its role in language acquisition? Who uses it? When do they use it?. Is its role the same for all students? Is it culturally defined or influenced?.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Narrative Strategies in SLA' - darius-mccall


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
narrative strategies in sla

Narrative Strategies in SLA

Robb Kvasnak

Florida Atlantic University

Linguistics, Dr. Stayc DuBravac

Fall 2004

private speech
What is it?

What is its role in language acquisition?

Who uses it?

When do they use it?

Is its role the same for all students?

Is it culturally defined or influenced?

Private Speech
lev semeonovich vygotsky
Development of private speech as a tool starts as an interpersonal process and only then becomes intrapersonal

Adults continue to access object-, other- and self-regulation

1896 – 1934

Lev Semeonovich Vygotsky
principle of continuous access
Principle of Continuous Access
  • Object regulation
  • Other regulation
  • Self regulation

Adults continue to access object- and other-regulation in cognizing difficult tasks

Use depends on the difficulty of a task – because each form is connected to specific tools

researching use
Researching Use
  • Fawley & Lantolf looked at 4 points in analyzing the type of regulation used:

1) macrostructure

2) tense and aspect

3) reference

4) affective markers

  • They assigned specific usage to each point, e.g. use of the past to indicate a distancing of events, an object-regulated use
their findings
Their findings

First:

“There are no absolute differences between second language and native speakers, as is often assumed to be the case in many studies which purport to compare native and second language performance”

their findings1
Their findings
  • Second:

“An individual never actually becomes an adult to remain an adult.”

  • Third:

“… errors may not be errors as such, but may well represent a speaker’s attempt to gain control of a task.”

their findings2
Their findings
  • Fourth:

All communication strategies can be divided into other-regulation, object-regulation and self-regulation. Ergo, “speaking is the exercise of control of objects, of others, and of self.”

differentiating
Steven G. McCafferty

Deeply interested in the development of private speech

Carried out replication research in a similar form as Frawley & Lantolf

Differentiating
differentiating1
Differentiating
  • Vygotsky sees development as dialectic and not linear
  • Cites DiPietro: the learner has to find a “voice” in the target language
  • Cites Appel: native speakers use more private speech in retelling an expository article than a narrative text
differentiatiing
Differentiatiing
  • McCafferty points out that people of different cultural backgrounds use varying degrees of private speech
  • Cites Ahmed: not all of the items used by Frawley and Lantolf necessarily correspond to specific forms of regulation in all cases
this study
This Study
  • Will ask subjects to narrate 2 series of pictures – one in their mother tongue, the other in L2
  • Aims at exploring the differences they use in L1 and L2
  • Will compare their narrative strategies with those of other culture groups