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The Microloan program seeks to more effectively use FSA resources. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Farm Service Agency (FSA) developed the Microloan (ML) program to better serve the unique financial operating needs of beginning, niche and the smallest of family farm operations.

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The Farm Service Agency (FSA) developed the Microloan (ML) program to better serve the unique financial operating needs of beginning, niche and the smallest of family farm operations.

Designed for smaller farming operations like specialty crop producers and operators of community supported agriculture (CSA).


USDA continues to focus on making sure that credit is available to America’s farmers and ranchers.

The Microloan program is part of USDA’s ongoing efforts to streamline and modernize its service to American agriculture.

The Microloan program, which will be administered through FSA’s existing Operating Loan program, is designed to better meet the unique credit needs of beginning and socially disadvantaged farmers and of the smallest family farms.

The Microloan program simplifies and streamlines the process for producers obtaining loans under $35,000; it cuts the paperwork burden in half and simplifies the loan application process.


The Microloan program seeks to more effectively use FSA resources.

The improvements aim to offer more efficient processing times for smaller loans, adding flexibility to some of the loan eligibility requirements, and reducing the application requirements.

As their financing needs increase, applicants can apply for an operating loan up to the maximum amount of $300,000 or obtain financing from a commercial lender under the Guaranteed Loan Program.

According to the 2007 Census of Agriculture, 71 percent of all farm operations gross less than $25,000 per year. Operators of these types of small farms are not typically served by agricultural lenders and may have difficulty obtaining financing from commercial lenders.


Since 2009, USDA has made a record amount of farm loans through FSA — more than 128,000 loans totaling nearly $18 billion.

USDA has increased the number of loans to beginning farmers and ranchers from 11,000 loans in 2008 to 15,000 loans in 2011.

More than 40 percent of USDA’s farm loans now go to beginning farmers.

USDA has increased its lending to socially-disadvantaged producers by nearly 50 percent since 2008.


Use of Microloans

• Initial start-up expenses

• Seed, fertilizer, utilities, land rents

• Marketing and distribution expenses

• Family living expenses

• Livestock, equipment, and other materials

essential to farm operations

• Minor farm improvements such as wells and coolers

• Hoop houses to extend the growing season

• Essential tools

• Irrigation

• Delivery vehicles


Simplified Application Process

  • Less paperwork to fill out
  • Requirements for managerial experience and loan security have been modified to accommodate smaller farm operations, beginning farmers and those with no farm management experience.
  • ML program applicants will need to have some farm experience; however, FSA will consider an applicant’s small business experience as well as any experience with a self-guided apprenticeship as a means to meet the farm management requirement.
  • Opportunity to gain farm management experience while working with a mentor during the first production and marketing cycle.

Security Requirements

For annual operating purposes, microloans must be secured by a first lien on a farm property or agricultural products having a security value of at least 100 percent of the microloan amount, and up to 150 percent, when available.

Microloans made for purposes other than annual operating expenses must be secured by a first lien on a farm property or agricultural products purchased with loan funds and having a security value of at least 100 percent of the microloan amount.


Rates and Terms

  • Eligible applicants may obtain a microloan for up to $35,000.
  • The repayment term may vary and will not exceed seven years.
  • Annual operating loans are repaid within 12 months or when the agricultural commodities produced are sold.
  • Interest rates are based on the regular OL rates that are in effect at the time of the microloan approval or microloan closing, whichever is less.


Wash/Warren/Saratoga 2530 Rt. 40, Greenwich, NY 12834-2300 518-692-9940

Steuben/Yates415 W. Morris St., Bath, NY 14810-1038 607-776-7398

Schen/Schoharie 108 Holiday Way, Schoharie, NY 12157-5206 518-295-8600

St. Lawrence 1942 Old DeKalb Rd, Canton, NY 13617-3134 315-386-2401

Ontario3037 County Road 10, Canandaigua, NY 14424-8303 585-394-0525

Orange 225 Dolson Ave. Suite 1A, Middletown, NY 10940-6573 845-343-1872

Chautauqua3542 Turner Rd., Jamestown, NY 14701-9605 716-664-2351

JeffersonPOB 838, 21168 NYS Rt. 232, Watertown, 13601-0838 315-782-7289

Genesee 29 Liberty St., Suite 4, Batavia, NY 14020-3247 585-343-9167

Cortland/Tompkins 1 N. Main Street, Cortland, NY 13045-2250 607-753-0851

Oneida9025 River Rd., Rm. 201, Marcy, NY 13403-2301 315-736-3316

value added producer grant program

Value Added Producer Grant Program

U.S. Department of Agriculture – Rural Development

value added producer grant vapg
Value Added Producer Grant (VAPG)
  • Provides grant funds for planning and working capital expenses to help agricultural producers enter into value-added activities related to the processing and marketing of bio-based products
  • Expands markets for, and increases financial returns to, the agricultural producer-owners of the venture
  • Strengthens the rural economy
product eligibility
Product Eligibility
  • Any agricultural commodity or product that
    • Has undergone a change in physical state
    • Was produced in a manner that enhances the value of the agricultural commodity or product, as demonstrated through a BP that shows the enhanced value
    • Is physically segregated in a manner that results in the enhancement of the value of the Agricultural Commodity or product
    • Is a source of farm- or ranch-based renewable energy, including E-85 fuel
    • Is aggregated and marketed as a locally-produced agricultural food product
locally produced foods
Locally Produced Foods
  • Eligible: A raw, cooked, or processed edible substance, beverage, or ingredient intended for human consumption
  • Not eligible: Animal feed, live animals, non-harvested plants, fiber, medicinal products, cosmetics, tobacco products, narcotics
applicant eligibility
Applicant Eligibility
  • Independent Producers (IP)
  • Agricultural Producer Groups (APG)
  • Farmer or Rancher Cooperatives (Coop)
  • Majority-Controlled Producer Based Business Ventures (MCPBBV)
  • Must currently produce and own >50% of the agricultural commodity that will be used for the value added product, and retain ownership from its raw commodity state through the marketing of the final value added product
grant terms
Grant Terms
  • Maximum Grant Amounts
    • Planning $100,000
    • Working Capital $300,000
  • Maximum Budget and Project Period Length up to 36 months, scaled to complexity
  • If applicant currently has a VAPG, it must be completed prior to application deadline to apply for new funds
eligible use of funds
Eligible Use of Funds
  • Planning Activities
    • Feasibility Study
    • Business Plan
    • Marketing Plan
    • Legal Advice
  • Working Capital Activities
    • Pay operational costs directly related to the VA project
      • Salaries, utilities, inventory, marketing campaign, accounting system
ineligible use of funds
Ineligible Use of Funds
  • No equipment
  • No buildings
  • No vehicles
  • No grant preparation
  • No architectural or engineering design work for a specific facility
  • No agricultural production
  • No assistance to entities not majority US owned
  • No industry-level FS and BP templates
  • No conflicts of interest
  • No costs incurred prior to grant approval
fy 2012 summary
FY 2012 Summary
  • $14 Million - Nationally Competitive Grant Funds
  • Reserved Funds:
    • 10% Beginning (BFR) or Socially Disadvantaged Farmers or Ranchers (SDFR)
    • 10% for Mid-Tier Value Chain Projects
  • Priority Points for BFR, SDFR, and Operators of Small or Medium-Sized Family Farms
fy 2013
FY 2013
  • NOSA in Clearance
  • Speculation
    • FY 2012 Funding Levels
    • State Allocations
beginning farmer or rancher
Beginning Farmer or Rancher
  • An entity in which all owners (a) have operated a farm or a ranch for not more than 10 years; (b) materially and substantially participate in the operation of a farm or a ranch; and (c) provide substantial day-to-day labor and management of a farm or ranch.
  • A Reserved Funds Category, and also an Applicant Type Scoring Priority for General Funds competition
  • IRS 1040 or 1065 from previous 10 years showing applicant did not file farm operating income, or a letter from a CPA or attorney indicating the applicant meets eligibility requirements.
small to medium size farm or ranch
Small to Medium Size Farm or Ranch
  • Based on three-year average of annual gross sales of agricultural product
    • Small: $250k or less
    • Medium: $250,001 - $1,000,000
  • Factors into priority scoring for Small-Medium Family Farms in General Funds competition
  • Factors into MTVC projects
matching funds
Matching Funds
  • Matching funds must equal or exceed the amount of grant funds requested, be contributed during the grant period, and be spent in advance of grant funds @ proportional rate
  • Applicant Cash/Loan/LOC
  • Applicant/Family In-Kind up to 25% total project cost
  • Third-Party Cash/In-Kind
  • Expected Program Income not eligible at time of application
  • Matching funds subject to the same use restrictions as grant funds for eligible P or WC activities
feasibility studies
Feasibility Studies
  • Required for working capital applications
  • Exceptions
    • IP applying for a grant of ≥ $50k, demonstrating market expansion for an existing VA product that they currently own and produce from at least 50% of their own agricultural commodity, and that they have produced and marketed for at least 2 years at time of application submission
    • Working capital grant applications requesting less than $50k
contact information
Contact Information

Gary Pereira

Business Programs Specialist

USDA Rural Development

9025 River Rd., Room 205

Marcy, NY 13403

Phone 315.736.3316 x 129

Cell 315.530.3433