MANUAL HANDLING. COMPETENCE STATEMENT 474. AIM To enable a firefighter to carry out manual handling tasks safely. OBJECTIVES 1) State the principles involved in a safe lift 2) Demonstrate the ability to apply these principles practically 3) Explain how poor technique can cause injury
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MANUAL HANDLING COMPETENCE STATEMENT 474
AIM To enable a firefighter to carry out manual handling tasks safely OBJECTIVES 1) State the principles involved in a safe lift 2) Demonstrate the ability to apply these principles practically 3) Explain how poor technique can cause injury 4) Demonstrate understanding that specific manual handling requirements may be written for individual activities
DEFINITION A manual handling operation is :- Any transporting or supporting of a load including :- lifting lowering putting down pushing carrying moving……. …..by hand or by bodily force
REDUCING THE RISK OF INJURY BY CHANGING THE WORK ENVIRONMENT • 1) Removing space constraints • 2) Lighting • 3) Working at different levels • 4) Temperature and ventilation • 5) Strong air currents
REDUCING THE RISK OF INJURY BY CHANGING THE LOAD • 1) Make it lighter • 2) Make it smaller or easier to manage • 3) Make it easier to grasp • 4) Make it more stable • 5) Make it less damaging to hold • 6) Find another way of moving it
LIFTING FROM THE GROUND • 1) Straight back • 2) Look up • 3) Load close to body • 4) Lift with the legs
TWO PERSON LIFT • Choosing the right person • HSE specifies that the maximum difference in height should be 10 centimetres
LIFTING DOWN FROM A HEIGHT • ALWAYS get assistance
PUSHING A LOAD • ALWAYS get low
CARRYING A LOAD • DON’T carry too much
MULTI-PERSON CARRYING • Follow the APPROVED methods
POOR TECHNIQUE • 1) Lifting with a bent back can injure the spine • 2) Holding the load away from the body can injure the back, arms or shoulders • 3) Twisting while lifting can injure the back • 4) Attempting to carry a load which is too heavy can cause muscle injury or a crush injury if you drop it • 5) Carrying a load which you can’t see over could cause a slip, trip or fall
WHAT (or who) DO I REFER TO? • 1) New items of equipment • 2) The Fire Service Training Manual • 3) These lecture packages • 4) Your Station Commander • 5) ADO Safety • 6) Health and Safety Officer at Fire and Rescue HQ
QUESTIONS 1) Changing the work environment can reduce the the risk of injury. What things can you do to change the work environment? Removing space constraints. Lighting. Working at different levels. Temperature and ventilation. 2) What are the the ways of changing the load to reduce the risk of injury? i) Make it lighter, ii) Make it smaller or easier to manage, iii) Make it easier to grasp, iv) Make it more stable, v) Make it less damaging to hold, vi) Find another way of moving it.
QUESTIONS cont’d 3) When lifting from the ground, what should you do to help keep your back straight? Look up. 4) What is the maximum allowable difference in height when carrying out a two person lift? 10 centimetres. 5) What is the best way of pushing a load? Keep the back straight and use the leg muscles to do the work.
QUESTIONS cont’d 6) How should a LPP be lifted? Basic lifting techniques PLUS :- 1) People should be of roughly the same height or should be paired in similar heights. 2) One person gives the command to lift. 3) Everybody must lift together so that the load is shared equally. If an LPP is to be carried it must always be carried by four people. 7) What injury is likely to occur if you lift with a bent back? Injury to the spine.
QUESTIONS cont’d 8) What would be the likely result of carrying a load which you can’t see over? Carrying a load which you can’t see over could cause a slip, trip or fall. 9) Name three places on station where you can find written information on the manual handling implication of a work activity Manufacturers instructions. The Fire Service Training Manual. Competence Statement Based Lecture Presentations.