L.O. Today you will learn how to play chess. How to Play Chess. The Pieces. The Pawn. The Rook (Castle). The Knight (horse). The Bishop. The Queen. The King. Setting up the chess board. Make sure the white square is on your right. Setting up the chess board. The rooks go here & here.
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Make sure the white square is on your right.
The rooks go here & here
The knights go here & here
The bishops go here & here
The Queen goes on her OWN color
The King stands next to his queen.
All the pawns are in front
Rooks move vertically or horizontally
As far as they choose……
Knights move up one over two.
They jump over any obstacles in between and capture the piece on the square where they land.
Bishops move diagonally on their own color
As far as they choose……
The queen can move in any direction as far as she chooses….
Until she is stopped by an obstacle….
Or she captures a piece….
The king can move in any direction ONE space
Another way a king can move is by doing what is called castling.
This is when there is nothing between the king and either rook. The king moves over two spaces and rook goes on the other side of the king.
Or on the other side….
The king captures the piece on the square he lands
Pawns move one space at time forward
Exception: on a pawn’s first move it may CHOOSE to move two spaces instead.
Pawns are the only piece that captures differently from how it moves.
Pawns capture diagonally.
If a pawn chooses to move two spaces on its first move and thereby skips over the attacking square of the opponent.
This is called en passant: this means to pass one by in French.
The rule of en passant says that if this happens the opponent may choose to capture that pawn as if it only moved one square and landed on the attacking square.
If you get a pawn to the other side of the board it turns into a queen or whatever piece you want.
The only piece on the board that can NOT be captured is the KING.
The point of the game is to get the king in check mate.
This means that the king is UNDER attack as if he were going to be captured. This is called check.
A king may not move into check
A king may not move across the line of check
If the king is in check and has NO way to get out of being in check. This is called CHECKMATE. And the game is over.