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Intervention Programming. By Richard T. Patton. MATCH – Multilevel Approach to Community Health. Individual Interpersonal Organizational Social Governmental. Five social levels to which intervention can be directed. MATCH – Phases. 1. Goal Selection 2. Intervention Planning

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intervention programming

Intervention Programming

By Richard T. Patton

match multilevel approach to community health
MATCH – Multilevel Approach to Community Health
  • Individual
  • Interpersonal
  • Organizational
  • Social
  • Governmental

Five social

levels

to which

intervention

can be

directed

match phases
MATCH – Phases

1. Goal Selection

2. Intervention Planning

3. Program Development

4. Implementation Preparations

5. Evaluation

match phase 1 steps
MATCH – Phase 1 Steps

Goal Selection

  • Select Health Status Goals
  • Select High Priority Target Populations
  • Identify Health Behavior Goals
  • Identify Environmental Goals
step 1 select health status goals
Step 1: Select Health Status Goals
  • Prevalence
  • Perceived and actual importance
  • Changeability
  • Mission, availability of programmatic resources
step 2 select high priority population
Step 2: Select High-Priority Population
  • Health problem prevalence
  • Accessibility
  • Programmatic interests
step 3 identify health behavior goals
Step 3: Identify Health Behavior Goals
  • Prevalence
  • Association
  • changeability
step 4 identify environmental goals
Step 4: Identify Environmental Goals
  • Access to services,products
  • Availability or programs and resources
  • Enabling polices, practices, regulations, opportunities
  • Physical barriers, restrictions, protections
match phase 2 steps
MATCH – Phase 2 steps

Intervention Planning

  • Identify the Targetsof the intervention
  • Select intervention Objectives
  • Identify mediators of the intervention
  • Select intervention Approaches
step 1 identify the targets of intervention
Step 1: Identify the Targets of Intervention
  • Social level
  • Intervention objectives
step 2 select intervention objectives
Step 2: Select Intervention Objectives
  • Prevalence, association, and changeability
  • Social level and target of the intervention
  • Practice setting
step 3 identify mediators of the intervention objectives
Step 3: Identify Mediators of the Intervention Objectives
  • Knowledge and skills
  • Attitudes
  • Practices
step 4 select intervention approaches
Step 4: Select Intervention Approaches
  • Theory
  • Objective, target, and societal level
  • Setting and channel
  • Intervener
match phase 3 steps
MATCH – Phase 3 Steps

Program Development

  • Create program units or components
  • Select or develop Curricula and create intervention guides
  • Develop session plans

* Educational objectives

* Teaching/learning activities

* Materials

* Instructions, information, and resources

Create/acquire instructional materials

step 1 create program units or components
Step 1: Create Program Units or Components
  • Target population
  • Targets of the interventions, intervention level
  • Intervention objectives
  • Structural unit
  • Channel-interpersonal and mediated
step 2 select or develop curricula and create intervention guides
Step 2: Select or Develop Curricula and Create Intervention Guides
  • Goals and objectives
  • Content
  • Teaching and learning objectives
  • Materials
step 3 develop session plans
Step 3: Develop Session Plans
  • Educational objectives
  • Teaching/learning objectives
  • Materials
  • Instructions and information resources
step 4 create or acquire instructional materials
Step 4: Create or Acquire Instructional Materials
  • Review and select from available materials
  • Develop materials

1. Conduct needs assessments

2. Pilot test

3. Produce

match phase 4 steps
MATCH – Phase 4 steps

Implementation Preparations

  • Facilitate adoption, implementation and maintenance.

*Advocate for the adoption of change

* Develop support

* Provide evidence of efficacy

* Identify change agents/opinion leaders

  • Select and Train Implementers
step 1 facilitate adoption implementation and maintenance
Step 1: Facilitate Adoption,Implementation, and Maintenance
  • Develop proposal and advocate for adoption of change
  • Develop need, readiness, and environmental supports
  • Provide evidence of efficacy
  • Identify/select change agents and opinion leaders
  • Establish support and constructive working relationships
step 2 select and train implementers
Step 2: Select and Train Implementers
  • Train, provide opportunities for observation and practice
  • Monitor and support
match phase 5 steps
MATCH – Phase 5 steps

*Conduce Process Evaluation

*Measure Impact

*Monitor Outcomes

phase 5 evaluation
Phase 5: Evaluation
  • Step1: Conduct process evaluation
  • Step2: Measure impact
  • Step3: Monitor outcomes
step 1 conduct process evaluation
Step 1: Conduct Process Evaluation
  • Recruitment and planning
  • Session/program implementation
  • Quality of the learning activities
  • Immediate outcomes
step 2 measure impact
Step 2: Measure Impact
  • Mediators
  • Behavior and environmental outcomes
  • Side effects
step 3 monitor outcomes
Step 3: Monitor Outcomes
  • Health outcomes
  • Cost effectiveness
  • Policy recommendations
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