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Yeast Bread. What part does each play in the making of bread?. GLUTEN – provides dough with elasticity and strength . YEAST – makes dough rise and gives it it ’ s porous texture. Under developed gluten. Developed gluten. HYDRATION To Add water. DEHYDRATION To remove water. Define.

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what part does each play in the making of bread
What part does each play in the making of bread?
  • GLUTEN – provides dough with elasticity and strength.
  • YEAST – makes dough rise and gives it it’s porous texture

Under developed gluten

Developed gluten

define
HYDRATION

To Add water

DEHYDRATION

To remove water

Define
hydration of dry active yeast
Hydration of dry active yeast
  • Dry active yeast must be hydrated with warm water, not too hot.
  • The proper temperature helps the yeast give off the correct amount of carbon dioxide.

85°

Too Cold

F.Y.I.

If the water is too hot, the balloon doesn’t inflate at all!

in order to grow yeast needs
In order to grow yeast needs:
  • Moisture -- Milk or water
  • Warmth -- @ 110° F
  • Food -- sugar

OR

how does each affect the growth of yeast
Sugar

Provides food for the yeast to grow.

Salt

Controls the growth of the yeast.

How does each affect the growth of yeast?
four main processes for making yeast dough
Four main processes for making yeast dough:
  • MIXING
  • KNEADING & RISING
  • SHAPING & RISING
  • BAKING

mixing

Kneading and rising

yeast growth
Yeast Growth
  • As yeast grows CARBON DIOXIDE develops causing the dough to rise.

Once multiplying begins

how do you know the bread has risen enough
How do you know the bread has risen enough?
  • Should double in size
  • Push two fingers into the dough, if the holes remain but the top stays smooth and satiny.
why is the milk scalded then cooled
Why is the milk scalded then cooled?
  • To destroy enzymes that make dough sticky
  • To allow yeast to grow at optimum temp.
    • Too hot of temperature will kill the yeast!
what does kneading do
What does kneading do?
  • Develops the gluten so the dough will stretch and expand.

1

4

How to knead

2

3

when judging bread look for
Appearance

Uniform golden brown

Smooth rounded top

Creamy white inside

Crumb

Cut surface is moist and springy to touch

When judging bread look for:
continue
Texture

Fine grain

Porous

Flavor

Sweet, nut-like wheaty taste

Continue …
ways to shape dough
Ways to shape dough

Cloverleaf Rolls

Crescent Rolls

Parker House Rolls

slide17

Tea rings

Pretzels

Snails

Twists

Cinnamon Rolls