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COALITION FOR AFRICAN RICE DEVELOPMENT (CARD) WORKSHOP ON NRDS OF SECOND GROUP OF COUNTRIES. BRIEFING ON POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPERS (PRSPs), SECTOR-BASED STRATEGIES AND COMPREHENSIVE AFRICA AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (CAADP) AND HOW THEY RELATE TO RICE

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coalition for african rice development card workshop on nrds of second group of countries

COALITION FOR AFRICAN RICE DEVELOPMENT (CARD)WORKSHOP ON NRDS OF SECOND GROUP OF COUNTRIES

BRIEFING ON POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPERS (PRSPs), SECTOR-BASED STRATEGIES AND COMPREHENSIVE AFRICA AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (CAADP) AND HOW THEY RELATE TO RICE

Souleymane DIOUF – CARD Consultant

AFRICA Rice Center

Cotonou, BENIN 05 – 09 June 2010

outline
OUTLINE
  • Introduction: (i) objective, (ii) diversity of the constituents of the rice value chains, (iii) impo & (iv) Composition of the first group of countries
  • Main characteristicfeatures of the PSRPs and status of rice in PSRPs
  • Sector-basedstrategies (SBS) and status of rice in SBS
  • Linkages betweenrice and CAADP
  • Conclusion
i introduction
I.INTRODUCTION

1.1. Objective of the presentation

To show the importance of the mapping of PSRPs, sector- basedstrategies and CAADP = assessment of the place of rice and to takerequired orientations /actions for regardingricedevelopment.

i introduction1
I.INTRODUCTION

1.2. Diversity of the constituents of the rice value chains

The constituents of the rice value chains are upstream and downstream to the production.

= In other terms, they are factors which influence riceat the various stages , ie from the farm to the market.

These factors are taken care by variousstakeholders and are related to many issues such as agricultural inputs, infrastructures, creditaccess, research…..etc. (See the SIEM)

-------- Classification of factors canbedone as following :

(i) Factors which belong to the operationaldomain (all investmentsfacilitating the wholerice value chainsimprovement and including the humanresources) :

(ii) Factorsenabling the environment

i introduction2
I.INTRODUCTION
  • Factors which belong to the operationaldomain
  • Agricultural inputs : Seeds, Fertilizers, Pesticides, Equipment for harvest & post harvest…etc.)
  • Infrastructures : Roads, Feeder roads, Building or / and Rehabilitation of irrigation infrastructures…etc.)
  • Financial issues : Credit Access
  • Humanresources: Researchers and Technicians, Specialists of extension, neededcapacity building of all stakeholders.
i introduction3
I.INTRODUCTION

(ii) Factorsenabling the environment:

  • Policies issues : Input subsidies, Decentralisation, Liberalisation, taxes, CreditGuarantee …etc.
  • Institutional issues : Relations between the differentstakeholders (existing institutions or institutions to put in place).
  • Regulatoryframework: Inputs quality control, Reform on land management, Land tenure security, Micro-finance regulation…etc.
i introduction4
I.INTRODUCTION

Composition of the first group of countries :

  • A first group of pilot countries was selected in 2009: Cameroon, Ghana, Guinea Conakry, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Uganda to develop National Rice Development Strategies (NRDS)
  • Study involved eight (8) countries: Cameroon, Guinea Conakry, Madagascar, Mozambique, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Uganda
  • Ghana, Kenya, Mali and Nigeria should have been included but were left out due to difficulties in recruiting national consultants
ii main characteristic features of the psrps and status of rice in psrps
II. Main CharacteristicFeatures of the PSRPs and Status of Rice in PSRPs

2.1. Main characteristicfeatures of the PSRPs

  • Framework of reference and orientation for the whole economic and social development

(ii) Generation : Most of the countries are currently running their second generation of PRSPs and some countries will have next year their 3rd, generation of PRSPs.

(iii) Duration : For the 8 countries of the first group, it varies between countries: 4 years, 5 years and 10 years. Only Cameroon has 10 years

ii main characteristic features of the psrps and status of rice in psrps1
II. Main CharacteristicFeatures of the PSRPs and Status of Rice in PSRPs

2.2. Status of Rice in PSRPs

  • No specific mention of rice, but theycovercommonfactorssuch as foodsecurity, improvement of agricultural production, feeder roads, irrigation etc.
  • Examples
  • Tanzania : household food security
  • Cameroon: input accessibility, technological innovations accessibility and development of products value chains.
  • Senegal :access to rural credit, agricultural insurance, input subsidies and creation of a green Bank
  • Uganda: improvement of agricultural production
  • Mozambique: empowering farmers to increase their productivity
iii sector based strategies and status of rice
III. Sector-Based Strategies and Status of Rice

3.1. Sector – Based Strategies

The sector-based strategies = Public policies elaborated both by the Ministry in charge of agriculture and the other key line Ministries and / or other institutions in charge of issues related to rice value chains such as:

  • roads, feeder roads,
  • irrigation infrastructures,
  • finance, credit access,
  • incentives for agricultural products marketing,
  • cross-cutting issues like decentralization and private sector development

--------- The diversity of the constituents of the rice value chains shows the variety of stakeholders and thus should allow seeing what is necessary to be done in terms of activities and instruments for its improvement.

……..Thus, in each country, in addition to the Ministry of Agriculture, many other line Ministries / institutions have strategies that relate to rice-value chains

iii sector based strategies
III. Sector-Based Strategies

-----------The report on the 8 countries of the first group listsstrategies + hosting line Ministries / institutions.

  • Example of Tanzania

Seven institutions have relevant strategies for rice development

1) Ministry in charge of Agriculture : (i) Agricultural Sector Development Strategy (ASDS), (ii) Kilimo Kwanza (Green Revolution) Initiative (including rice)

2) Ministry in charge of Finance, Planning and Economy : (i) PRSP, (ii) MDGs.

3) Ministry in charge of Trade and Marketing : (i) Agricultural Marketing Policy (AMP), (ii) Agricultural Marketing Development Strategy (AMDS) which is in draft for implementation .

iii sector based strategies example of tanzania
III. Sector-Based Strategies : Example of Tanzania

4) District Irrigation Development Fund (DIDF): On-going at district level.

5) National Irrigation Development Fund (NIDF): On-going at national level.

6) Bank of Tanzania : (i) Micro-finance Policy at national level and (ii) Agriculture Financing and Insurance Schemes: on-going since 2005 at national level.

7) Prime Minister Office (Regional Administration and Local Governments):Strategy related to the District Agricultural Development Plans (DAPs) at district level.

---------The DAPs provide the planning and implementation platform for decentralizing public programs and services under the on-going Local Government Reform Program and under the responsibility of Local Government Authorities (LGAs).

3 2 status of rice in sector based strategies
3.2. Status of Rice in Sector-basedstrategies
  • The determination of the status of rice in sector-basedstrategieswilldepend on how far they are tacklingfactorswhich influence the ricedevelopment.

----- Thus, the issue is to identify the relevant sector-basedstrategiesdealingwithricefrom the production to the market (the whole rice value chains).

iv linkages between rice and caadp
IV. Linkages betweenRice and CAADP

Objectives of CAADP

  • To attain an average annual growth rate of 6% in agriculture.
  • 4.4% growth in agricultural total factor productivity

A key commitment by African HSGs to CAADP is the

allocation of at least 10% of their national budgets to

agriculture.

iv linkages between rice and caadp1
IV. Linkages betweenRice and CAADP

Base of CAADP:

CAADP encourages investments in agriculture in four mutually reinforcing priority areas (pillars):

  • Improving land and water management (Pillar I)
  • Improving rural infrastructure and trade-related capacities for improved market access (Pillar II)
  • Increasing food supply and reducing hunger (Pillar III)
  • Agricultural research, technology dissemination and adoption (Pillar IV)

Cross cutting issues:

  • Institutional and human capacity building
  • HIV/AIDs.
iv linkages between rice and caadp2
IV. Linkages betweenRice and CAADP

Evidence of linkages with regard to CARD Objectives :

(i) Double rice production in Africafrom 14 to 28 million tons within 10

years and

(ii) Contribute to increasedincomes and foodsecurity for rural people involved in the rice value chain, from production to end use

----------Achieving CARD objectives (ricedevelopment) requires interventions in all four Pillars of CAADP e.g.

  • Doubling rice production means increasing the productivity of rice through appropriate land and water management (CAADP Pillar I) and development and dissemination of improved technologies (CAADP Pillar IV)
  • Enhancing rice value chains for increased incomes and food security requires improving rural infrastructure and trade-related capacities for market access (CAADP Pillar II) and increasing food supply and reducing hunger (CAADP Pillar III)
iv linkages between rice and caadp3
IV. Linkages betweenRice and CAADP

How to align NRDS to the CAADP?

  • Applying the principles of the Framework for African Agricultural Productivity (FAAP)

FAAP

    • Articulates the essential ingredients needed for the evolution of African national agricultural productivity programmes
    • Provides the guiding principles to make the required changes (e.g. farmer empowerment, catalyzing pragmatic agricultural research, and revitalization of extension services)
    • Highlights the need for increased investment in agricultural productivity and spells out how such funding should be made available
    • Advocates for harmonization of Africa’s own resources with contributions from development partners
iv linkages between rice and caadp4
IV. Linkages betweenRice and CAADP

How to align NRDS to the CAADP?

2. LinkingRicesub-sectorpoliciesinvestment programmes, etc to national agriculture developmentpolicies/strategies

3. Embeding the objectives and strategies of the Ricesub-sector

  • CAADP Country Process (NAIP)
  • CAADP Compact
v conclusion
V. Conclusion
  • Importance of strategies : Issues treated in strategies are important as far as they can be declined in programs / projects to be funded. So, very important to be aware of their cycle.
  • The Rice Development as specified by CARD objective to double rice production in Africa from 14 to 28 million tons within 10 years fits quite well with the CAADP objective of achieving a 6% annual growth of agriculture in Africa.
  • Since CAADP provides the vision and strategic framework for

developing Africa’s agriculture sector, it is imperative that NRDS CARD be a component of the CAADP country action plan in order to capitalize on the synergies and complementarities provided by each of the four CAADP Pillars .

slide20
FIN

Thank you for your kind attention !

Merci de votreaimable attention !