Dermatological conditions
Download
1 / 23

- PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 221 Views
  • Updated On :

Dermatological Conditions. Skin Disorders. Terminology. Bulla Cellulitis Erythema Macule Papule Pruritic Pustule Vesicle. Trauma to the Skin. Blisters Hot spots, friction, bulla, improper clothing Tx – drain if necessary, donut, topical antibiotic Burns

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about '' - darci


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Terminology
Terminology

  • Bulla

  • Cellulitis

  • Erythema

  • Macule

  • Papule

  • Pruritic

  • Pustule

  • Vesicle


Trauma to the skin
Trauma to the Skin

  • Blisters

    • Hot spots, friction, bulla, improper clothing

    • Tx – drain if necessary, donut, topical antibiotic

  • Burns

    • What is difference in the severity of grades

    • Who is at risk, interaction of some medications

  • Calluses

    • Proper foot care

    • What is the cause?

  • Chafing

    • Brought on by sweating, improper clothing; thighs, axilla, jogger’s nipples


Dermatitis eczema
Dermatitis/Eczema

  • Dermatitis

    • Brought on by dry skin, excessive bathing, low humidity

  • Eczema

    • Skin inflammation

  • Usual symptoms

    • Dry, flakey, itchy skin


Contact dermatitis
Contact Dermatitis

  • Brought on by an allergic reaction

    • Poison ivy, sumac, soap, clothing

  • S/S - redness, blistering, itchy

  • Tx

    • hot vs. cold?

    • Topical/oral corticosteroids

    • Oral meds – antihistamines, diphenhydramine


Atopic dermatitis
Atopic Dermatitis

  • Most common form of eczema

  • Chronic disease

  • Genetic disorder of skin sensitivity to many sources

  • S/S

    • Papules, vesicles, scaly lesions

    • Extreme itching can lead to secondary infection

  • Tx

    • Corticosteroids for itching

    • Antibiotics for infection

    • Aveno* soap, no dyes, natural material for clothing


Chronic eczema acute stage
Chronic Eczema – Acute Stage

  • Large papules (possibly erupting)

  • Hypo/hyperpigmentation

  • Typical areas effected

    • Children – Extensor surfaces

      • front of knees/back of elbows

    • Adults – Flexural surfaces

      • Back of knees/front of elbows

  • Exacerbations – allergies & stress

  • Secondary Issues – staph infection


Ways to prevent tx of dermatitis
Ways to Prevent & Tx of Dermatitis

  • Simple Rules

    • Treat the itch and avoid the irritant

      • Corticosteroids, Benadryl/Sudafed(careful of sedation)

    • Treat infection with proper meds

    • Water/lanolin based lotion

    • Avoid harsh soaps/perfume/cosmetics

    • Avoid “hot” showers

    • Wool clothing, control sweating


Infections
Infections

Impetigo – staph infection

  • Bacterial Infections

    • Enter through a break in the epidermis

  • Staph

  • Strep

  • Pseudomonas


Strep infections
Strep Infections

  • Erysipelas -Invasion of deeper tissue

  • Folliculitis – infected hair follicule

  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    • Form of folliculitis contracted from whirlpools, hot tubs

    • Red papules


Staph infections boils furuncle
Staph Infections - Boils (furuncle)

  • Exhibit drainage & pus

  • Highly infectious

  • Difficult to distinguish from strep unless culture taken

  • Transmitted skin-to-skin

  • Tx topical or oral antibiotics


Boils treatment
Boils - treatment

  • Invasion of deeper tissue

  • Carbuncle – multiple furuncles

  • Transmitted with towels/clothing

  • Tx

    • Moist compress

    • Donut

    • Ickthamol ointment

    • Pull out to release core, NEVER squeeze


Acne mechanica
Acne Mechanica

  • Common adolescent illness

  • Occurs when sebaceous glands become clogged

  • No cure, but can be controlled with meds

  • topical or systemic meds available


Fungal infections
Fungal Infections

  • Common in athletics:

    • warm, dark, moist environments

  • worsened with restrictive clothing/equipment (chafing)

  • Classes=tinea & yeast

  • Symptoms:

    • small patches of red, scaly, inflamed areas

    • smooth (not elevated)

    • severe itching


Tinea infections fungal

Spreads easily

Difficult to treat because of re-infection

Symptoms improve with change in environment

Often treatment >1 month

Tx 2wks after sy’s resolve

Symptoms:

extreme itching

red, scaling, inflamed lesions (fissures)

yellowish drainage possible

Tinea Infections (fungal)


Tinea pedis athlete s foot
Tinea Pedis (Athlete’s foot)

  • Most frequent tinea infection

  • May accompany yeast infections

  • 1%-3% of people are carriers

  • Rare in prepubertal children


Tinea cruris
Tinea Cruris

  • Jock itch

  • often originates at feet

  • may affect men or women

  • aggravated by tight clothes

  • spreads easily

  • linens, towels, etc must be changed daily


Tinea corporis gladiatorum
Tinea Corporis Gladiatorum

  • Tinea of the body

  • “Ringworm”

  • Affects humans & animals

  • Circular pruritic patches--well defined with raised borders

  • Common in wrestling


Yeast infections tinea versicolor

Yeast infection

“sun spots”

Most apparent after sun exposure (does not tan)

Common in trunk, upper arms/legs, neck

not contagious

Resembles freckles

May be asymptomatic or mildly pruritic

Tx: selenium sulfide shampoo or oral antibiotics

Yeast Infections - Tinea Versicolor


Parasites scabies
Parasites - Scabies

  • Extremely contagious (mite)

  • Similar to eczema – but no history of disease

  • Kwell soap/shampoo

  • Wash towels/sheets daily


Head lice
Head Lice

  • Very common in children

  • Contagious

  • Don’t confuse with dandruff


Viral infections herpes simplex
Viral Infections – Herpes Simplex

  • Cold sore, fever blister

  • Common around lips/face

  • Many OTC meds

  • Contagious

  • Lives in nerves, never goes away


Verruca vulgaris warts
Verruca vulgaris - Warts

  • Found on Face, hands, feet (plantar warts)

  • Many methods to destroy

  • Often return


ad