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INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY (IAEA) Ishaan & Rory #based
What is the organization? • World's central intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical co-operation in the nuclear field • Deals with use of nuclear energy around the globe • Response to deep fears and expectations from discovery of nuclear energy
Important Documents • Agency’s genesis: Eisenhower’sAtoms for Peace address to General Assembly of UN on Dec 8, 1953 • Create international body to regulate and promote peaceful use of atomic power • Helped shape the Statute of the IAEA and 81 nations unanimously approved this • 3 pillars: (1) nuclear verification and security (2) safety (3) technology transfer
Age • Created in 1957 (56 years) • Has remained unchanged since
Purpose, fools • Provides Member States with scientific advice, education and training, technical documents, access to key nuclear data as well as meetings, conferences and symposia. • Works with Member States to advance nuclear science and technology, and improve awareness about its wide range of applications
Membership, suckas • Initial members: Members of United Nations or of any of the specialized agencies who signed Statute within ninety days after it opened for signature and deposited an instrument of ratification. • Other members: States, whether or not Members of the United Nations or of any of the specialized agencies, which deposit an instrument of acceptance of Statute after their membership approved by the General Conference upon the recommendation of the Board of Governors • 159 members
Leadership • Director General • Six Deputy Director Generals head the major departments. • IAEA Director General: Mr. Yukiya Amano of Japan
Advantages • Peace and security • Physical and chemical applications • Sustainable development and quality of life • Water • Environment • Human health- better medical techniques (treatment of cancers and tumors)
Disadvantages • Globalization • Forcing technology • Forcing uniformity • Not very effective • Inefficient • Fukushima Nuclear accident • No need to sign Nuclear proliferation treaty
International Impact • World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) • Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station • IAEA believes Iran’s pursuit of nuclear weapons is peaceful • IAEA conducted inspections of Iran’s nuclear facilities but never found evidence showing Iran’s civilian nuclear program has been diverted to nuclear weapons production
Bibliography "International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)IAEA Home." International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. "PressTV - IAEA Admits Iran Nuclear Energy Program Peaceful." PressTV - IAEA Admits Iran Nuclear Energy Program Peaceful. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. <http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2013/03/13/293451/iran-nuclear-activities-peaceful-amano/>.