slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Australian English PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Australian English

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 33

Australian English - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 435 Views
  • Uploaded on

Australian English. David González Planelles. Ana Pérez Torregrosa. Pablo Antón Escudero. Germán Asencio Antón. I n d e x. Brief History of Australian English Influences on Australian English Pronunciation & Spelling Grammar Vocabulary. Darwin. Northern Territory.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Australian English' - daquan-eaton


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Australian English

David González Planelles

Ana Pérez Torregrosa

Pablo Antón Escudero

Germán Asencio Antón

slide2

I n d e x

  • Brief History of Australian English
  • Influences on Australian English
  • Pronunciation & Spelling
  • Grammar
  • Vocabulary
slide3

Darwin

Northern

Territory

Queensland

Western

Australia

Brisbane

South

Australia

New South

Wales

Sydney

Perth

Australian Capital

Territory (ACT)

Adelaide

Canberra

Victoria

Melbourne

Tasmania

Hobart

slide4

1. Brief History of Australian English

ETIMOLOGY

  • Latin “Australis” - Southern
  • La Tierra Austral del Espíritu Santo - Pedro Fernandes de Queirós - House of Austria
slide5

The original inhabitants: Aboriginal tribes who arrived in Australia approx. 40,000 to 60,000 years ago.

  • 2 main indigenous ethnicities of Australia - Australian Aborigines and Torres Strait Islander
slide11

1788 - British Settlement - Colony of New South Wales - Captain James Cook

  • First Fleet (11 ships) – Botany Bay (Sidney)
slide12

CONVICTS

Australian Penal colonies (petty offences: larceny - Large number of Irish)

slide14

First Speakers: the native-born children of the colony

  • Children born in New South Wales
  • Exposed to different dialects from all over the British Isles, (Ireland and South East England)
  • 1820 Recognition of Australian English as different from British English
  • 1901 Federation of Australia - 6 British colonies formed 1 nation
  • English: no official status, but de facto official language and 1st language used
slide15

2. Influences on Australian English

British English: 1850: 1st Australian Gold Rush – Wave of immigration (2% of population of UK – Irish convicts)

slide17

Torres Strait islands languages: Western-Central and Eastern

Names of places (cities, suburbs), flora, fauna. Ex: Canberra = meeting place

slide18

American English - introduction of words, spellings, terms and usage

  • 19th c. Gold Rush - dirt and digger
  • World War II - okay, youguys and gee
  • TV and Media
slide19

3. Pronunciation & Spelling

STANDARD AUSTRALIAN ENGLISH

  • Most people raised in Australia
  • Broadness continuum

1965

  • Broad (34%)
  • General (55%) The rain in Spain falls mainly on the plain
  • Cultivated (11%)

* The general category is increasing at the expense of broad and cultivated

  • Dominant variety, but not the only one:
    • Aboriginal English
    • Various ethno-cultural AusE dialects (e.g. Lebspeak)
slide20

CONSONANTS

  • Non-rhotic, linking /r/ e.g. car, there are
  • Glottal stop (ʔ) e.g. kitten, department
  • Intervocalic /t/ as a flap /d/ e.g. written, got it
  • I-glide (/j/ sound) between some consonants and /u/ e.g. /nju:z/ (news)
  • VOWELS
  • Long /a:/ coexists with /æ/ e.g. half, arm, father
  •  /a:/ more prestigious
  • Schwa rather than /ɪ/ e.g. naked, acid
  • /æ/ sound  /e/ e.g. I love that hat (ðet het)
  • /i:/ rather than /ɪ/ e.g. very, many, happy
slide21

DIPHTONGS

  • /aɪ/  /ɔɪ/ e.g. right, life, sign
  • /eɪ/ tends to /aɪ/ e.g. no way, say
  • Dry sound (Cockney)
  • Twangy sounds + rising inflection or high-rising terminal (Australian English)
slide22

No official regulator of correct spelling and grammar  MacQuarie Dictionary

  • AusEng spelling similar to British English...
  • * “ou” retained: honour, favour
  • * “-re” instead of “-er”: theatre, metre, litre
  • * “-ise” more frequent: organise, realise
  • ... BUT THERE IS A TENDENCYTOWARDSAMERICAN SIMPLIFICATION
  • * Australian Labor Party
  • * program (programme)
  • * analog (analogue)
  • * -ize coexists
  • * No Latin/Greek diphthongs: encyclopedia (encyclopaedia)
  • diarrhea (diarrhoea)
slide24

ANDY: HEAR YE, HEAR YE. THIS SESSION WILL NOW COME TO ORDER. WITH THE COOPERATION OF THE US DEPARTMENT OF STATE, WE HAVE PRESENT TODAY ONE BART SIMPSON. I BELIEVE HE HAS SOMETHING TO SAY. BART?

BART: I'M SORRY. I'M SORRY FOR WHAT I DID TO YOUR COUNTRY.

ANDY: WELL, YOU'RE FREE TO GO, BART... RIGHT AFTER YOUR__ADDITIONAL PUNISHMENT.

HOMER: PUNISHMENT?

ANDY: WELL, A MERE__APOLOGY WOULD BE A BIT EMPTY, EH? LET THE BOOTING BEGIN.

HOMER: BOOTING?

ANDY: AW, IT'S JUST A LITTLE KICK IN THE BUM.

slide25

5. Grammar

  • Collective nouns concord in singular
  • E.g.: The team is winning.
  • “Different from / to” rather than “different than”
  • E.g.: My car is different from yours.
  • Present Perfect  Simple Past
  • E.g.: He has played for us last year
  • Usedn’t to
  • E.g.: He usedn’t to go to Church everyday.
  • May = might/could
  • E.g.: If we found out who caused the problem, we may solve it.
  • Mustn’t = can’t
  • E.g.: He mustn’t have wanted the money.
slide26

4. Australian Vocabulary

A B O R I G I N A L

Kangaroo

Koala

Wombat

Emu

CurrawongkookaburraGalah

bindieyecalomboboreebanksiaquandongmallee

boomerangcorroboree: dancejackeroo: farm manager

Other words

1/3

A NEW REALITY HAD TO BE DESCRIBED

slide27

amber

quids

chook

durry

frock

daks

NON-ABORIGINAL

bloke

sheila

stove

dunny

crook

spell

roo

slide28

UNIQUE SET OF DIMINUTIVES

abo (aborigine)arvo (afternoon)bizzo (business)doco (documentary)

-o

Aussie (Australian)

brekkie (breakfast)

barbie (barbeque)

Chrissie (Christmas)

-ie

lippy (lipstick)

exy (expensive)

surfy (surfing fanatic)

-y

slide29

AUSSIE SLANG

g’day mate!

(hello friend)

How ya going? (how are you?)

Ace, ta!

(Very good, thanks!)

It’s been yonks

(long time no see)

Too right!

(definitely!)

Catch ya later!

(see you later!)

Cheers!

(goodbye!)

slide30

Identify in the following video the 5 words of Australian English which are the same in British English and that we already saw in the Am. Eng. vs Br. Eng. Exercise we did a few weeks ago.

ACTIVITY

slide32

ANSWERS

  • Diaper
  • Sidewalk
  • Parking lot
  • Sweater
  • Shopping cart

Nappy

Footpath

Car park

Jumper

Trolley