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NAVIGATION IN THE SNOW. ASSUMPTIONS. COMPETENT WITH A COMPASS COMPETENT READING A MAP COMPETENT NAVIGATOR. WHAT ABOUT A GPS?. ROUTE FINDING “NO SNOW”. KNOW GENERALLY WHERE YOU ARE CAN FOLLOW TRAIL CAN FOLLOW BLAZES CAN IDENTIFY MAJOR FEATURES CAN IDENTIFY MORE SUBTLE FEATURES.

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Navigation in the snow

NAVIGATION IN THE SNOW


Assumptions
ASSUMPTIONS

  • COMPETENT WITH A COMPASS

  • COMPETENT READING A MAP

  • COMPETENT NAVIGATOR



Route finding no snow
ROUTE FINDING“NO SNOW”

  • KNOW GENERALLY WHERE YOU ARE

  • CAN FOLLOW TRAIL

  • CAN FOLLOW BLAZES

  • CAN IDENTIFY MAJOR FEATURES

  • CAN IDENTIFY MORE SUBTLE FEATURES


Risks no snow
RISKS“NO SNOW”

  • TAKING WRONG TRAIL

  • GETTING OFF SCHEDULE


Route finding snow
ROUTE FINDING“SNOW”

  • TRAIL MAY DISAPPEAR

  • FEATURES COVERED

  • TOPOGRAPHY ALTERED

  • RIDGES CHANGED

  • LAKES AND STREAMS COVERED


Solutions
SOLUTIONS

  • ROUTES WITH PROMINENT FEATURES (HIGH RIDGES AND/OR DEEP VALLEYS)

  • ROUTES WITH OBVIOUS LANDMARKS

  • ROUTES WITH MINIMAL RISKS


Risks snow
RISKS“SNOW”

  • GETTING LOST

  • FALLING THROUGH SNOW

  • AVALANCHE

  • STORMS

  • STAYING OVERNIGHT (UNPLANNED)


Safety rules
SAFETY RULES

  • BE VERY FAMILIAR WITH THE AREA


Safety rules1
SAFETY RULES

  • BE VERY FAMILIAR WITH THE AREA

  • FOLLOW A TRAIL, IF POSSIBLE


Safety rules2
SAFETY RULES

  • BE VERY FAMILIAR WITH THE AREA

  • FOLLOW A TRAIL, IF POSSIBLE

  • PICK A ROUTE THAT AVOIDS DANGERS AND OBSTRUCTIONS


Safety rules3
SAFETY RULES

  • BE VERY FAMILIAR WITH THE AREA

  • FOLLOW A TRAIL, IF POSSIBLE

  • PICK A ROUTE THAT AVOIDS DANGERS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

  • PICK A ROUTE MARKED BY PROMINENT LANDMARKS


Safety rules4
SAFETY RULES

  • BE VERY FAMILIAR WITH THE AREA

  • FOLLOW A TRAIL, IF POSSIBLE

  • PICK A ROUTE THAT AVOIDS DANGERS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

  • PICK A ROUTE MARKED BY PROMINENT LANDMARKS

  • MARK THE RETURN ROUTE WITH WANDS OR FLAGGING


Safety rules5
SAFETY RULES

  • BE VERY FAMILIAR WITH THE AREA

  • FOLLOW A TRAIL, IF POSSIBLE

  • PICK A ROUTE THAT AVOIDS DANGERS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

  • PICK A ROUTE MARKED BY PROMINENT LANDMARKS

  • MARK THE RETURN ROUTE WITH WANDS OR FLAGGING

  • CARRY MAP AND COMPASS (AND GPS)


Safety rules6
SAFETY RULES

  • BE VERY FAMILIAR WITH THE AREA

  • FOLLOW A TRAIL, IF POSSIBLE

  • PICK A ROUTE THAT AVOIDS DANGERS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

  • PICK A ROUTE MARKED BY PROMINENT LANDMARKS

  • MARK THE RETURN ROUTE WITH WANDS OR FLAGGING

  • CARRY MAP AND COMPASS (AND GPS)

  • HAVE A SURVIVAL PLAN (PLAN B)


Safety rules7
SAFETY RULES

  • BE VERY FAMILIAR WITH THE AREA

  • FOLLOW A TRAIL, IF POSSIBLE

  • PICK A ROUTE THAT AVOIDS DANGERS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

  • PICK A ROUTE MARKED BY PROMINENT LANDMARKS

  • MARK THE RETURN ROUTE WITH WANDS OR FLAGGING

  • CARRY MAP AND COMPASS (AND GPS)

  • HAVE A SURVIVAL PLAN (PLAN B)

  • LEAVE YOUR ITINERARY WITH SOMEONE


Safety rules8
SAFETY RULES

  • BE VERY FAMILIAR WITH THE AREA

  • FOLLOW A TRAIL, IF POSSIBLE

  • PICK A ROUTE THAT AVOIDS DANGERS AND OBSTRUCTIONS

  • PICK A ROUTE MARKED BY PROMINENT LANDMARKS

  • MARK THE RETURN ROUTE WITH WANDS OR FLAGGING

  • CARRY MAP AND COMPASS (AND GPS)

  • HAVE A SURVIVAL PLAN (PLAN B)

  • LEAVE YOUR ITINERARY WITH SOMEONE

  • STAY CALM