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Epidemiology of Diving Accidents and Deaths. 2006 Report (2004 Data). Medical Services Volume. 120. 40. Dives. 35. 100. DCS. 30. DCS/10,000 dives. 80. 25. 60. 20. 15. 40. 10. 20. 5. 0. 0. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 00. 01. 02. 03. 04.

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slide3

120

40

Dives

35

100

DCS

30

DCS/10,000 dives

80

25

60

20

15

40

10

20

5

0

0

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

Cumulative Project Dive Exploration Progress

DCS

Thousands

slide7
Annual DCS Incidence Rates/10,000 Dives at Scapa Flow and in the Caribbean Among Divers Enrolled in PDE

DCS Per 10,000 Dives

slide8
Annual DCS Incidence Rates/10,000 Divers at Scapa Flow and in the Caribbean Among Divers Enrolled in Project Dive Exploration

DCS Per 10,000 Divers

annual diving death incidence rates 100 000 divers for dan and bsac members
Annual Diving Death Incidence Rates/ 100,000 Divers for DAN and BSAC Members

Fatalities per 100,000 Members

cumulative number of pde dives collected from 1995 2004
Cumulative Number of PDE Dives Collected from 1995-2004

N = 105,135

Dive Exposures

(Thousands)

Year

age and gender of divers
Age and Gender of Divers

N = 1,521

Percentage of Divers

Age Group (Years)

percentage of the pde sample by dive platform
Percentage of the PDE Sample by Dive Platform

N = 23,947

Percentage of PDE Dives

subjective thermal comfort
Subjective Thermal Comfort

N = 23,947

Percentage of PDE Dives

percentage of pde sample reporting the indicated subjective workload
Percentage of PDE Sample Reporting the Indicated Subjective Workload

N = 23,912

Percentage of PDE Dives

single repetitive and multi day dives
Single, Repetitive and Multi-day Dives

N = 3,265

Percentage of Dive Series

number of days in dive series
Number of Days in Dive Series

N = 3,265

Percentage of Dive Series

Days Diving

number of dives in dive series
Number of Dives in Dive Series

N = 3,265

Percentage of Dive Series

Number of Dives

maximum depths of pde dives
Maximum Depths of PDE Dives

16,512 Dives by Males

7,395 Dives by Females

Percentage of Dives

Depth (fsw)

depth of deepest and last dive in pde dive series n 3 265
Depth of Deepest and Last Dive in PDE Dive Series (N = 3,265)

Percent of Dive Series

Depth (fsw)

dive depth by day sequence in dive series
Dive Depth by Day Sequence in Dive Series

N = 23,907

Mean Depth (fsw)

Dive Day Sequence

number of dives by dive planning method
Number of Dives by Dive Planning Method

N = 23,912

Percentage of Dives

percentage of pde divers reporting altitude exposure after diving
Percentage of PDE Divers Reporting Altitude Exposure After Diving

N = 3,265

Percentage of Dive Series

Type of Altitude Exposure After Diving

percentage of cases by reported diagnoses
Percentage of Cases by Reported Diagnoses

N = 487

Source of Injury Reports

(%)

confidence in dcs and age diagnoses
Confidence in DCS and AGE Diagnoses

Diagnostic Confidence

(Percent of Group)

diver age groups
Diver Age Groups

Frequency of Age Group

Median Age of Group (Years)

certification level
Certification Level

Percent of Injured Divers

number of symptoms per diver
Number of Symptoms Per Diver

N = 264

Number of Reported

Symptoms

Number of Symptomatic Divers

percent of reports by individual symptom
Percent of Reports by Individual Symptom

N = 264

Percent of Symptom

Reports

location of specific symptoms by frequency of reports n 551
Location of Specific Symptoms by Frequency of Reports (N = 551)

Symptom Location

Number of Reported Symptoms

location of specific symptoms by frequency of reports n 5511
Location of Specific Symptoms by Frequency of Reports (N = 551)

Symptom Location

Number of Reported Symptoms

onset time of specific symptoms
Onset Time of Specific Symptoms

Symptom Onset Time (hours)

number of treatments per diver
Number of Treatments Per Diver

Diagnostic Confidence

recompression tables used
Recompression Tables Used

N = 132

Number of Treatments

distribution of fatalities by age and gender
Distribution of Fatalities by Age and Gender

Percent of Fatalities

Age (Years)

classification of fatalities by bmi
Classification of Fatalities by BMI

N = 49

Percent of Fatalities

BMI Classification

certification of divers who died
Certification of Divers Who Died

Percent of Fatalities

Certification

number of years since initial certification of divers who died
Number of Years Since Initial Certification of Divers Who Died

N = 57

Percent of Fatalities

Number of Years Diving

number of dives in 12 months prior to accident
Number of Dives in 12 Months Prior to Accident

N = 44

Percent of Fatalities

Number of Dives in Past 12 Months

time between previous dive and fatal dive
Time Between Previous Dive and Fatal Dive

N = 40

Percent of Fatalities

Time Between Previous Dive and Fatal Dive

month when diver deaths occurred
Month When Diver Deaths Occurred

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities

Month

diving activity
Diving Activity

N = 55

Percent of Fatalities

Diving Activity

dive platform
Dive Platform

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities

Dive Platform

maximum dive depth
Maximum Dive Depth

N = 59

Percent of Fatalities

Depth of Last Dive (fsw)

breathing gear and gas for u s cases
Breathing Gear and Gas for U.S. Cases

N = 73

Percent of Fatalities

distribution of fatalities by dive phase
Distribution of Fatalities by Dive Phase

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities

Dive Phase

cause of death
Cause of Death

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities

disabling injury
Disabling Injury

N = 71

Percent of Fatalities

disabling agents
Disabling Agents

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities

initial triggering event
Initial Triggering Event

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities

number of divers in party
Number of Divers in Party

N = 66

Percent of Fatalities

Number of Divers in Party

number of divers in team
Number of Divers in Team

N = 66

Percent of Fatalities

Dive Team

distribution of described primary activity for breath hold incident victims in 2004
Distribution (%) of Described Primary Activity for Breath-hold Incident Victims in 2004

N = 22

Percent of Cases

Breath-Hold Activity

age and gender distribution of breath hold incident victims in 2004 n 22
Age and Gender Distribution of Breath-hold Incident Victims in 2004 (N = 22)

Number of Cases

Age (years)

recovery depth of body by depth for fatal breath hold incident victims in 2004
Recovery Depth of Body by Depth for Fatal Breath-hold Incident Victims in 2004

N = 14

Number of Cases

Recovery Depth (ft)