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The Shaping of Chinese Traditions. China’s landscape. Plains Vast desert Spread of these deserts Dust storms northern China. The Philosophers…. As in India-thinkers pondered human nature Hindus and Buddhists –cycle of reincarnation

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china s landscape
China’s landscape
  • Plains
  • Vast desert
    • Spread of these deserts
      • Dust storms northern China
the philosophers
The Philosophers…
  • As in India-thinkers pondered human nature
  • Hindus and Buddhists –cycle of reincarnation
  • Chinese philosophers focused on this world-sought to establish a stable, orderly society
  • Most influential Chinese philosopher-born 551 BC-
  • Lived during a time of great turmoil in China-constant warfare
  • Violence and moral decay troubled him-he suggested a code of conduct based on high moral ideas.
the confucian code of conduct
The Confucian Code of Conduct
  • A good society preserved peace and order
  • His code of conduct stressed virtues such as loyalty, courtesy, hard work and kindness-these virtues would contribute to social harmony.
5 basic relationships
5 basic relationships
  • Define everyone’s place in society-
    • Ruler and subject
    • Parent and child
    • Husband and wife
    • Older/younger brother
    • Friend and friend
    • Each individual has responsibilities and duties=order
impact of confucianism
Impact of Confucianism
  • Unlike Hinduism and Buddhism-Confucianism is not a religion
  • The goal of Confucius was NOT the soul’s salvation-rather-order in society.
  • Chinese Law based on Confucian principles-respect for elders dominated family life.
european imperialism in china
European Imperialism in China
  • The Chinese had restricted foreign trade at Canton-Euros had to pay w/gold/silver-the Chinese had no interest in Euro goods
  • Had to obey Chinese customs-Euros agreed-made $
sphere of influence
Sphere of Influence
  • By the 1800’s western powers had carved up China into spheres of influence- an area in which a foreign nation has special economic privileges.
new philosophies
New Philosophies
  • When Chinese Communists gain power-replace old Confucian traditions with new revolutionary traditions
social changes
Social Changes
  • Classless society
  • Weaken the family-respect for elders-now faith in the young
  • New marriage laws
  • Family size
  • Changing role for women
  • Emphasized education
china s economy
China’s economy
  • In modern era, China's influence in the world economy was minimal until the late 1980s
  • Since 1978 hundreds of millions have been lifted out of poverty : the poverty rate as fallen…However, many people still live on less than $1 a day.


china and pollution
China and pollution
  • According to the Chinese Ministry of Health, industrial pollution has made cancer China’s leading cause of death.
  • Every year, ambient air pollution alone killed hundreds of thousands of citizens.
  • 500 million people in China are without safe and clean drinking water.
water pollution
Water Pollution
  • half of the population lacks access to clean drinking water
  • Water scarcity also is an issue;